Spain

Kinrick o Spain
Banner o Spain
Coat o airms o Spain
BannerCoat o airms
Motto: "Plus Ultra" (Laitin)
"Further Ayont"
Anthem: "Marcha Real"[2]
"Ryal Mairch"
Location o  Spain  (dark green)– on the European continent  (green & dark grey)– in the European Union  (green)  —  [Legend]
Location o  Spain  (dark green)

– on the European continent  (green & dark grey)
– in the European Union  (green)  —  [Legend]

Location o Spain
Capital
an lairgest ceety
Madrid
40°26′N 3°42′W / 40°26′N 3°42′W / 40.433; -3.700
Offeecial leid
an naitional leid
Spaingie[lower-alpha 3]
Recognised regional
leids[lower-alpha 3]
Ethnic groups (2015)
Demonym
GovrenmentUnitary pairlamentary constitutional monarchy
• Monarch
Felipe VI
• Prime Meenister
Mariano Rajoy
LegislaturCortes Generales
• Upper house
Senate
• Lower house
Congress o Deputies
Formation
1479
1516
• De jure
1715
• First constitution
1812
• Current democracy
1978
• EEC accession[lower-alpha 4]
1986
Aurie
• Tot
505,990[4] km2 (195,360 sq mi) (52nt)
• Watter (%)
1.04
Population
• 2015 estimate
46,439,864[5][lower-alpha 5] (30t)
• 2011 census
46,815,916[7]
• Density
92/km2 (238.3/sq mi) (106t)
GDP (PPP)2014 estimate
• Total
$1.619 trillion[8] (16t)
• Per capita
$34,899[8] (32nt)
GDP (nominal)2014 estimate
• Total
$1.230 trillion[8] (14t)
• Per capita
$26,517[8] (28t)
Gini (2013)33.7[9]
middlin
HDI (2013)Steady 0.869[10]
very heich · 27t
SillerEuro[lower-alpha 6] (€) (EUR)
Time zoneCET[lower-alpha 7] (UTC+1)
• Summer (DST)
CEST[lower-alpha 7] (UTC+2)
Date formatdd/mm/yyyy (CE)
Drives on theright
Cawin code+34
ISO 3166 codeES
Internet TLD.es[lower-alpha 8]

Spain (Spaingie: España [esˈpaɲa] ( listen)), offeecially the Kinrick o Spain (Spaingie: Reino de España),[lower-alpha 1][lower-alpha 2] is a kintra maistly locatit on the Iberian Peninsula in Europe. The kintra's mainland is mairchit tae the sooth an east bi the Mediterranean Sea except for a smaw laund boondary wi Gibraltar; tae the north an northeast bi Fraunce, Andorrae, an the Bay o Biscay; an tae the wast an northwest bi Portugal an the Atlantic Ocean. Spaingie territory includes twa large airchipelagaes, the Balearic Islands in the Mediterranean Sea an the Canary Islands aff the African Atlantic coast, twa ceeties, Ceuta an Melilla, on the African mainland an several smaw islands in the Alboran Sea near the African coast. Spain is the anerly European kintra tae hae a mairch wi an African kintra (Morocco)[lower-alpha 9]

Wi an aurie o 505,990 km2 (195,360 sq mi), Spain is the lairgest kintra in Soothren Europe, the seicont lairgest kintra in Wastren Europe an the European Union, an the fowert lairgest kintra in the European continent. Bi population, Spain is the saxt lairgest in Europe an the fift in the European Union. Spain's caipital an lairgest ceety is Madrid; ither major urban auries include Barcelona, Valencia, Seville, Bilbao an Málaga.

Modren humans first arrived in the Iberian Peninsula aroond 35,000 years ago. Iberian culturs alang wi auncient Phoenicie, Greek an Carthaginian settlements developit on the peninsula till it cam unner Roman rule aroond 200 BCE, efter that the region wis named Hispania, based on the earlier Phoenician name Sp(a)n or Spania.[11] At the end o the Wastren Roman Empire the Germanic tribal confederations migratit frae Central Europe, invadit the Iberian peninsula an established relatively independent realms in its wastren provinces, includin the Sueves, Alans an Vandals. Eventually, the Visigoths wad forcibly integrate aw remeenin independent territories in the peninsula, includin Byzantine provinces, intae the Kinrick o Toledo, that mair or less unifee'd poleetically, ecclesiastically an legally aw the umwhile Roman provinces or successor kinricks o that wis then documentit as Hispanie.

In the late aicht century the Visigothic kinrick fell tae the Moors, that ruled maist o the peninsula for the next seiven centuries, leavin anerly a haundful o smaw Christian realms in the north. Follaein the Moorish conquest, Europeans begoud a gradual process o retakkin the region kent as the Reconquista,[12] that bi the late 15t century culminatit in the emergence o Spain as a unifee'd kintra unner the Catholic Monarchs. In the early modren period, Spain becam ane o history's first global empires, leavin a vast cultural an lingueestic legacy that includes ower 500 million Hispanophones, makkin Spaingie the warld's seicont maist spoken native leid, efter Mandarin Cheenese.

Spain is a secular pairlamentar democracy an constitutional monarchy,[13] wi Keeng Felipe VI as heid o state. It is a major developit kintra[14] wi the warld's fowerteent lairgest economy bi nominal GDP an saxteent lairgest bi purchasin pouer parity. It is a member o the Unitit Naitions (UN), the European Union (EU), the Eurozone, the Cooncil o Europe (CoE), the Organisation o Ibero-American States (OEI), the Union for the Mediterranean, the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO), the Organisation for Economic Co-operation an Development (OECD), OSCE, the Schengen Aurie, the Warld Tred Organisation (WTO) an mony ither internaitional organisations. Spain hars a "permanent invitation" tae the G20 summits that occur generally ance a year.

Notes

  1. 1.0 1.1 The Spaingie Constitution daes nae establish ony offeecial name for Spain, even thou the terms España (Spain), Estado español (Spaingie State) an Nación española (Spaingie Naition) are uised throoghoot the document. Nanetheless, the Spaingie Meenistry o Foreign Affairs established in an ordinance published in 1984 that the denominations España (Spain) an Reino de España (Kinrick o Spain) are equally valid tae designate Spain in internaitional treaties. This term, Kinrick o Spain, is widely uised bi the govrenment in naitional an internaitional affairs o aw kinds, includin foreign treaties as well as naitional offeecial documents, an is tharefore recognised as the offeecial name bi mony internaitional organisations.[1]
  2. 2.0 2.1 In Spain, ither leids hae been offeecially recognised as legitimate autochthonous (regional) leids unner the European Chairter for Regional or Minority Leids. In each o these, Spain's offeecial name (Spaingie: Reino de España, pronoonced: [ˈreino ð(e) esˈpaɲa]) is as follaes:
    • Aragonese: Reino d’Espanya, IPA:  [ˈreino ðesˈpaɲa]
    • Asturian: Reinu d’España, IPA:  [ˈreinu ðesˈpaɲa]
    • Basque: Espainiako Erresuma, IPA:  [es̺paɲiako eres̺uma]
    • Catalan: Regne d’Espanya, IPA:  [ˈreŋnə ðəsˈpaɲə]
      • Valencian:  [ˈreŋne ðesˈpaɲa]
    • Galician: Reino de España, IPA:  [ˈreino ð(e) esˈpaɲa]
    • Occitan: Reiaume d’Espanha, IPA:  [reˈjawme ðesˈpaɲɔ]
  3. 3.0 3.1 The offeecial Spaingie leid o the State is established in the Section 3 o the Spaingie Constitution o 1978 tae be Castilian.[3] In some autonomous commonties, Catalan, Galicie an Basque are co-offeecial leids. Aragonese an Asturian hae some degree o offeecial recogneetion.
  4. European Union (EU) syne 1993.
  5. As of January 2015, Spain's population was estimated at 46,439,864. In the same month the number of citizens with Spanish citizenship reached 44,175,055 (41,992,012 being permanent residents in Spain and 2,183,043 being national abroads). The number of foreigners (i.e. immigrants, ex-pats and refugees) permanently living in Spain was estimated to be at 4,447,852 (10.1%) in 2015.[6]
  6. The Peseta afore 2002.
  7. 7.0 7.1 Except the Canary Islands, which observe UTC+0 (WET) an UTC+1 (WEST) durin simmer time.
  8. The .eu domain is also uised, as it is shared wi ither European Union member states. An aa, the .cat domain is uised in Catalan-speakin territories.
  9. See leet o transcontinental kintras.
Other Languages
Аҧсшәа: Еспаниа
Acèh: Seupanyo
адыгабзэ: Испание
Afrikaans: Spanje
Akan: Spain
Alemannisch: Spanien
አማርኛ: እስፓንያ
aragonés: Espanya
Ænglisc: Spēonland
العربية: إسبانيا
ܐܪܡܝܐ: ܐܣܦܢܝܐ
مصرى: اسبانيا
asturianu: España
авар: Испан
Aymar aru: Ispaña
azərbaycanca: İspaniya
تۆرکجه: ایسپانیا
башҡортса: Испания
Boarisch: Spanien
žemaitėška: Ispanėjė
Bikol Central: Espanya
беларуская: Іспанія
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Гішпанія
български: Испания
भोजपुरी: स्पेन
Bislama: Spain
বাংলা: স্পেন
བོད་ཡིག: ཞི་པན་ཡ།
বিষ্ণুপ্রিয়া মণিপুরী: স্পেন
brezhoneg: Spagn
bosanski: Španija
буряад: Испани
català: Espanya
Chavacano de Zamboanga: España
Mìng-dĕ̤ng-ngṳ̄: Să̤-băng-ngà
нохчийн: Испани
Cebuano: Espanya
Chamoru: España
Tsetsêhestâhese: Spain
کوردی: ئیسپانیا
corsu: Spagna
qırımtatarca: İspaniya
čeština: Španělsko
kaszëbsczi: Szpańskô
словѣньскъ / ⰔⰎⰑⰂⰡⰐⰠⰔⰍⰟ: Їспанїꙗ
Чӑвашла: Испани
Cymraeg: Sbaen
dansk: Spanien
Deutsch: Spanien
Zazaki: İspanya
dolnoserbski: Špańska
डोटेली: स्पेन
ދިވެހިބަސް: އިސްޕެއިން
ཇོང་ཁ: སིཔཱེན་
eʋegbe: Spain
Ελληνικά: Ισπανία
emiliàn e rumagnòl: Spaggna
English: Spain
Esperanto: Hispanio
español: España
eesti: Hispaania
euskara: Espainia
estremeñu: España
فارسی: اسپانیا
Fulfulde: Hispaanya
suomi: Espanja
Võro: Hispaania
føroyskt: Spania
français: Espagne
arpetan: Èspagne
Nordfriisk: Spaanien
furlan: Spagne
Frysk: Spanje
Gaeilge: An Spáinn
Gagauz: İspaniya
贛語: 西班牙
Gàidhlig: An Spàinn
galego: España
گیلکی: ائسپانيا
Avañe'ẽ: Epáña
गोंयची कोंकणी / Gõychi Konknni: स्पेन
𐌲𐌿𐍄𐌹𐍃𐌺: 𐌷𐌴𐌹𐍃𐍀𐌰𐌽𐌾𐌰
ગુજરાતી: સ્પેન
Hausa: Hispania
客家語/Hak-kâ-ngî: Sî-pân-ngà
Hawaiʻi: Sepania
עברית: ספרד
हिन्दी: स्पेन
Fiji Hindi: Spain
hrvatski: Španjolska
hornjoserbsce: Španiska
Kreyòl ayisyen: Espay
Հայերեն: Իսպանիա
interlingua: Espania
Bahasa Indonesia: Spanyol
Interlingue: Hispania
Igbo: Spain
Iñupiak: Spaña
Ilokano: Espania
íslenska: Spánn
italiano: Spagna
ᐃᓄᒃᑎᑐᑦ/inuktitut: ᓯᐸᐃᓐ
日本語: スペイン
Patois: Spien
la .lojban.: sangu'e
Basa Jawa: Sepanyol
ქართული: ესპანეთი
Qaraqalpaqsha: İspaniya
Taqbaylit: Spenyul
Адыгэбзэ: Эспаниэ
Kabɩyɛ: Ɛsɩpaañɩ
Kongo: Espania
қазақша: Испания
kalaallisut: Spania
ភាសាខ្មែរ: អេស្ប៉ាញ
ಕನ್ನಡ: ಸ್ಪೇನ್
한국어: 스페인
Перем Коми: Эспання
къарачай-малкъар: Испания
kurdî: Spanya
коми: Испания
kernowek: Spayn
Кыргызча: Испания
Latina: Hispania
Ladino: Espanya
Lëtzebuergesch: Spuenien
лезги: Испания
Limburgs: Spanje
Ligure: Spagna
lumbaart: Spagna
lingála: Espania
لۊری شومالی: إسپانيا
lietuvių: Ispanija
latgaļu: Spaneja
latviešu: Spānija
मैथिली: स्पेन
мокшень: Испания
Malagasy: Espaina
олык марий: Испаний
Māori: Pāniora
Baso Minangkabau: Spanyol
македонски: Шпанија
മലയാളം: സ്പെയിൻ
монгол: Испани
मराठी: स्पेन
Bahasa Melayu: Sepanyol
Malti: Spanja
Mirandés: Spanha
မြန်မာဘာသာ: စပိန်နိုင်ငံ
مازِرونی: ایسپانیا
Dorerin Naoero: Pain
Nāhuatl: Caxtillan
Napulitano: Spagna
Plattdüütsch: Spanien
Nedersaksies: Spanje
नेपाली: स्पेन
नेपाल भाषा: स्पेन
Nederlands: Spanje
norsk nynorsk: Spania
norsk: Spania
Novial: Spania
Nouormand: Espangne
Sesotho sa Leboa: Spain
occitan: Espanha
Livvinkarjala: Ispuanii
Oromoo: Ispeen
ଓଡ଼ିଆ: ସ୍ପେନ
Ирон: Испани
ਪੰਜਾਬੀ: ਸਪੇਨ
Pangasinan: Espanya
Kapampangan: Espanya
Papiamentu: Spaña
Picard: Espanne
Deitsch: Schpaani
पालि: स्पेन
Norfuk / Pitkern: Spain
polski: Hiszpania
Piemontèis: Spagna
پنجابی: سپین
Ποντιακά: Ισπανία
پښتو: اسپانیا
português: Espanha
Runa Simi: Ispaña
rumantsch: Spagna
Romani: Spaniya
Kirundi: Esipanye
română: Spania
armãneashti: Ispania
tarandíne: Spagne
русский: Испания
русиньскый: Іспанія
Kinyarwanda: Esipanye
संस्कृतम्: स्पेन्
саха тыла: Испания
sardu: Ispagna
sicilianu: Spagna
سنڌي: اسپين
davvisámegiella: Spánia
Sängö: Espânye
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Španija
සිංහල: ස්පාඤ්ඤය
Simple English: Spain
slovenčina: Španielsko
slovenščina: Španija
Gagana Samoa: Sepa­nia
chiShona: Spain
Soomaaliga: Isbania
shqip: Spanja
српски / srpski: Шпанија
Sranantongo: Spanyorokondre
SiSwati: Sipeyini
Sesotho: Spain
Seeltersk: Spanien
Basa Sunda: Spanyol
svenska: Spanien
Kiswahili: Hispania
ślůnski: Szpańijo
తెలుగు: స్పెయిన్
tetun: España
тоҷикӣ: Испания
Türkmençe: Ispaniýa
Tagalog: Espanya
lea faka-Tonga: Sepeni
Tok Pisin: Spen
Türkçe: İspanya
Xitsonga: Spaniya
татарча/tatarça: Испания
chiTumbuka: Spain
Twi: Spain
reo tahiti: Paniora
удмурт: Испания
ئۇيغۇرچە / Uyghurche: ئىسپانىيە
українська: Іспанія
اردو: ہسپانیہ
oʻzbekcha/ўзбекча: Ispaniya
Tshivenda: Spain
vèneto: Spagna
vepsän kel’: Ispanii
Tiếng Việt: Tây Ban Nha
West-Vlams: Spanje
Volapük: Spanyän
walon: Espagne
Winaray: Espanya
Wolof: Ispaañ
吴语: 西班牙
isiXhosa: ISpain
მარგალური: ესპანეთი
ייִדיש: שפאניע
Yorùbá: Spéìn
Vahcuengh: Sihbanhyaz
Zeêuws: Spanje
中文: 西班牙
文言: 西班牙
Bân-lâm-gú: Se-pan-gâ
粵語: 西班牙
isiZulu: ISpeyini