Seicont Sino-Japanese War

Seicont Sino-Japanese War
Pairt o the Pacific Theatre o Warld War II[lower-alpha 2]
Nanking bodies 1937.jpg
The dead bouks o victims massacred in the Rape o Nanjing on the shore o the Qinhuai River, wi a Japanese soldier staundin nearbi.
DateJulie 7, 1937 – September 9, 1945
Minor fichtin syne September 18, 1931
(8 years, 2 months and 2 days)
LocationMainland Cheenae an Burma
Result
Territorial
changes
Cheenae recovers aw territories lost tae Japan syne the Treaty o Shimonoseki
Belligerents

 Cheenae[lower-alpha 1] (wi foreign support)

 Japan (wi collaborator support)

  • Nanjing Govrenment (1940–45)
  •  Manchukuo (1932–45)
  •  Mengjiang (1936–45)
  • Proveesional Govrenment (1937–40)
  • Reformed Govrenment (1937–40)
  • East Hebei (1937–38)
Commanders an leaders

Chiang Kai-shek
Chen Cheng
Cheng Qian
Yan Xishan
Li Zongren
Xue Yue
Bai Chongxi
Wei Lihuang
Du Yuming
Fu Zuoyi
Sun Liren
Ma Hongbin
Mao Zedong
Zhu De
Peng Dehuai
Joseph Stilwell
Claire Chennault

Albert Wedemeyer

Hirohito
Korechika Anami
Yasuhiko Asaka
Shunroku Hata
Seishirō Itagaki
Kotohito Kan'in
Iwane Matsui
Toshizō Nishio
Yasuji Okamura
Hajime Sugiyama
Hideki Tōjō
Yoshijirō Umezu
Puyi

Flag of the Republic of China-Nanjing (Peace, Anti-Communism, National Construction).svg Wang Jingwei
Strenth

14,000,000 tot[1]

  • 1,700,000 (1937)[2]
  • 2,600,000 (1939)[3]
  • 5,700,000 (1945)[4]
1,200,000 (1945)[5]

4,100,000 tot[6]

  • 600,000 (1937)[7]
  • 1,015,000 (1939)[8]
  • 1,124,900 (1945)[9]

(Excludin Burma campaign an Manchurie)

Flag of the Republic of China-Nanjing (Peace, Anti-Communism, National Construction).svg 900,000 (1945)[10]
Casualties an losses

Naitionalist:
Offeecial ROC data:
1,320,000 killed,
1,797,000 woondit,
120,000 missin
Tot: 3,237,000[11][12]

Ither estimates:
1,319,000–4,000,000+ dead an missin,
3,211,000–10,000,000+ tot[13][14]

Communist:
Offeecial PRC data:
160,603 killed,
290,467 woondit,
87,208 missin,
45,989 POW.
Tot: 584,267[15]

Ither estimates:
446,740 tot[13]

Tot:
3,800,000–10,600,000+ militar casualties efter Julie, 1937.
400,000–1,000,000 POWs dead[14]

Cheenese ceevilian losses:
17,000,000–22,000,000 ceevilians dead[12]

Japan:
Japanese medical data:
455,700[16]–480,000[17] dead[lower-alpha 3]
1.4 million ither
Tot: Aboot 1.9 million

ROC estimate:
1.77 million dead
1.9 million woondit
Tot: 3,670,000[18]

2007 PRC studies:
1,055,000 dead
1,172,200 woondit
Tot: 2,227,200[19]

Cheenese collaborators:
288,140–574,560 dead
742,000 ither woondit
Middle estimate: 960,000 killed an woondit[20][21]

Tot:
2,860,000–4,987,000 oweraw efter Julie, 1937 (Excludin Manchurie an Burma campaign)[lower-alpha 4]
  1. Generalissimo Chiang Kai-shek wis the leader o Naitionalist Govrenment that led a Cheenese unitit front which includit Naitionalists, Communists, an regional warlords.
  2. Frae 1941 onward.
  3. This nummer disna include Japanese killed bi Cheenese forces in the Burma campaign an disna include Japanese killed in Manchurie
  4. Mair likely closer tae the lawer figure, as Japanese medical records place tot militar dead throuoot the entire war at 2,121,000.

The Seicont Sino-Japanese War (Julie 7, 1937 – September 9, 1945) wis a militar conflict focht primarily atween the Republic o Cheenae an the Empire o Japan frae 1937 tae 1945. It follaed the First Sino-Japanese War o 1894–95.

  • references

References

  1. http://pwencycl.kgbudge.com/C/h/China.htm
  2. The Chinese Nationalist Army, ww2-weapons.com Retrieved 11 March 2016
  3. Hsiung, China's Bitter Victory pg. 171
  4. David Murray Horner (July 24, 2003). The Second World War: The Pacific. Taylor & Francis. pp. 14–15. ISBN 978-0-415-96845-4. Retrieved March 6, 2011. 
  5. Hsiung, James C. (1992). China's Bitter Victory: The War With Japan, 1937-1945. New York: M.E. Sharpe publishing. ISBN 1-56324-246-X. 
  6. Hsu, p. 535.
  7. Black, Jeremy (2012). Avoiding Armageddon: From the Great Wall to the Fall of France, 1918-40. p. 171. ISBN 978-1-44-112387-9. 
  8. RKKA General Staff, 1939 Retrieved 17 Aprile 2016
  9. Ministry of Health and Welfare, 1964 Retrieved 11 March 2016
  10. Jowett, p. 72.
  11. Hsu Long-hsuen "History of the Sino-Japanese war (1937–1945)" Taipei 1972
  12. 12.0 12.1 Clodfelter, Michael "Warfare and Armed Conflicts: A Statistical Reference", Vol. 2, pp. 956. Includes civilians who died due to famine and other environmental disasters caused by the war.
  13. 13.0 13.1 Rummel, Table 5A. Retrieved 5 October 2015.
  14. 14.0 14.1 R. J. Rummel. China's Bloody Century. Transaction 1991 ISBN 0-88738-417-X.
  15. Meng Guoxiang & Zhang Qinyuan, 1995. "关于抗日战争中我国军民伤亡数字问题".
  16. Chidorigafuchi National Cemetery Retrieved 10 March 2016
  17. Dower, John "War Without Mercy", pp. 297.
  18. Hsu, p. 565.
  19. Liu Feng, (2007). "血祭太阳旗: 百万侵华日军亡命实录". Central Compilation and Translation Press. ISBN 978-7-80109-030-0. Note: This Chinese publication analyses statistics provided by Japanese publications.
  20. R. J. Rummel. China's Bloody Century. Transaction 1991 ISBN 0-88738-417-X. Table 5A
  21. [1] Retrieved 28 September 2015.
Other Languages
客家語/Hak-kâ-ngî: Chûng-koet Khong-ngit Chan-chên
日本語: 日中戦争
한국어: 중일 전쟁
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Drugi japansko-kineski rat
Simple English: Second Sino-Japanese War
文言: 抗戰
粵語: 抗日戰爭