Rhinoceros

Rhinoceros
Diceros bicornis.jpg
Black rhinoceros (Diceros bicornis) at the Saint Louis Zoo
Scienteefic clessification
Kinrick:Animalia
Phylum:Chordata
Cless:Mammalia
Infracless:Eutheria
Order:Perissodactyla
Suborder:Ceratomorpha
Superfaimily:Rhinocerotoidea
Faimily:Rhinocerotidae
Gray, 1820
Extant genera

Ceratotherium
Dicerorhinus
Diceros
Rhinoceros
Extinct genera, see text

Rhinoceros s/, eften abbreviatit as rhino, is a group o five extant species o odd-taed ungulates in the faimily Rhinocerotidae. Twa o these species are native tae Africae an three tae Soothern Asie.

Members o the rhinoceros faimily are characterized bi thair lairge size (thay are some o the lairgest remainin megafauna, wi aw o the species able tae reach ane tonne or mair in wicht); as well as bi an herbivorous diet; a thick pertective skin, 1.5–5 cm thick, furmed frae layers o collagen poseetioned in a lattice structur; relatively smaa brains for mammals this size (400–600 g); an a lairge horn. Thay generally eat leafy material, altho thair ability tae ferment fuid in thair hindgut allaes them tae subsist on mair fibrous plant matter, if necessary. Unlik ither perissodactyls, the twa African species o rhinoceros lack teeth at the front o thair muiths, relyin instead on thair pouerfu premolar an molar teeth tae grind up plant fuid.[1]

Rhinoceros are killed bi humans for thair horns, which are boucht an sauld on the black mercat, an which are uised bi some culturs for ornamental or tradeetional medicinal purposes. East Asie, specifically Vietnam, is the lairgest mercat for rhino horns. Rhino horns cost as much as gowd on the black mercat. Fowk grind up the horns an then consume them believin the dust haes therapeutic properties.[2] The horns are made o keratin, the same teep o protein that maks up hair an fingernails.[3] Baith African species an the Sumatran rhinoceros hae twa horns, while the Indian an Javan rhinoceros hae a single horn.

The IUCN Reid Leet identifies three o the species as creetically endangered.

  • references

References

  1. Owen-Smith, Norman (1984). Macdonald, D., ed. The Encyclopedia of Mammals. New York: Facts on File. pp. 490–495. ISBN 0-87196-871-1. 
  2. Vietnam's Appetite For Rhino Horn Drives Poaching In Africa, by Frank Langfitt, 13 May 2013
  3. "What is a rhinoceros horn made of?". Yesmag.bc.ca. 9 October 2003. Retrieved 23 September 2010. 
Other Languages
Afrikaans: Renoster
Alemannisch: Nashorn
አማርኛ: አውራሪስ
العربية: كركدنيات
asturianu: Rhinocerotidae
azərbaycanca: Kərgədanlar
تۆرکجه: کرگدن
башҡортса: Мөгөҙморондар
беларуская: Насарогі
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Насарогі
български: Носорози
বাংলা: গণ্ডার
བོད་ཡིག: བསེ་རུ།
brezhoneg: Frikorneg
bosanski: Nosorog
català: Rinoceronts
Mìng-dĕ̤ng-ngṳ̄: Să̤-ngiù
нохчийн: МармаӀ
čeština: Nosorožcovití
dansk: Næsehorn
Deutsch: Nashörner
Thuɔŋjäŋ: Kil
Ελληνικά: Ρινόκερος
English: Rhinoceros
Esperanto: Rinoceredoj
español: Rhinocerotidae
euskara: Errinozero
فارسی: کرگدن
føroyskt: Nashyrningur
français: Rhinocéros
arpetan: Rinocèros
Nordfriisk: Nööshurner
Gàidhlig: Sròn-adharcach
galego: Rinocerontes
Avañe'ẽ: Tĩatĩ
עברית: קרנפיים
हिन्दी: गैण्डा
hrvatski: Nosorozi
Kreyòl ayisyen: Rinoseròs
հայերեն: Ռնգեղջյուր
Bahasa Indonesia: Badak
ГӀалгӀай: Бирнал
íslenska: Nashyrningur
italiano: Rhinocerotidae
日本語: サイ
Basa Jawa: Warak
Kongo: Kifalu
kalaallisut: Siissisoq
ಕನ್ನಡ: ಖಡ್ಗಮೃಗ
한국어: 코뿔소
kurdî: Kerkedan
коми: Сюраныр
Кыргызча: Кериктер
лакку: Каргадан
Lingua Franca Nova: Rinosero
Limburgs: Neushores
lingála: Kánga
lietuvių: Raganosiniai
latviešu: Degunradži
मैथिली: गैंडा
македонски: Носорог
മലയാളം: കാണ്ടാമൃഗം
मराठी: गेंडा
Bahasa Melayu: Badak sumbu
မြန်မာဘာသာ: ကြံ့
مازِرونی: کرگردن
नेपाली: गैंडा
नेपाल भाषा: धिर्मेय्
Nederlands: Neushoorns
norsk nynorsk: Nashorn
norsk: Neshorn
Diné bizaad: Déélgééd
ଓଡ଼ିଆ: ଗଣ୍ଡା
ਪੰਜਾਬੀ: ਗੈਂਡਾ
پنجابی: گینڈا
português: Rinoceronte
Runa Simi: Sinqawaqra
română: Rinocer
русский: Носороговые
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Nosorozi
Simple English: Rhinoceros
slovenčina: Nosorožcovité
slovenščina: Nosorogi
chiShona: Chipembere
Soomaaliga: Wiyil
српски / srpski: Носорози
Sesotho: Tšukulu
Basa Sunda: Badak
svenska: Noshörningar
Kiswahili: Kifaru
тоҷикӣ: Каркадан
ไทย: แรด
Tagalog: Rinosero
Türkçe: Gergedan
удмурт: Носорог
українська: Носорогові
اردو: گینڈا
oʻzbekcha/ўзбекча: Karkidonlar
Tiếng Việt: Tê giác
хальмг: Орңһ
中文: 犀牛
Bân-lâm-gú: Sai-gû
粵語: 犀牛