Potassium chloride

Potassium chloride
Potassium chloride.jpg
Potassium-chloride-3D-ionic.png
Names
Ither names
Sylvite
Muriate o potash
Identifiers
3D model (JSmol)
ChEBI
ChEMBL
ChemSpider
DrugBank
ECHA InfoCard100.028.374
E nummerE508 (acidity regulators, ...)
KEGG
RTECS nummerTS8050000
UNII
Properties
KCl
Molar mass74.5513 g·mol−1
Appearancewhite crystalline solit
Odourodorless
Density1.984 g/cm3
Meltin pynt 770 °C (1,420 °F; 1,040 K)
Bylin pynt 1,420 °C (2,590 °F; 1,690 K)
21.74% (0 °C)
25.39% (20 °C)
36.05% (100 °C)
SolubilitySoluble in glycerol, alkalies
Slichtly soluble in alcohol Insoluble in ether[1]
Acidity (pKa)~7
Magnetic susceptibility−39.0·10−6 cm3/mol
Refractive index (nD)1.4902 (589 nm)
Structur
face centred cubic
Space groupFm3m, No. 225
Lattice constant
a = 629.2 pm [2]
Coordination geometry
Octahedral (K+)
Octahedral (Cl)
Thermochemistry
entropy So29883 J·mol−1·K−1[3]
formation ΔfHo298−436 kJ·mol−1[3]
Pharmacology
WHO) WHO)
Pregnancy
category
Oral, IV, IM
Pharmacokinetics:
Renal: 90%; Fecal: 10% [4]
Hazards
Safety data sheetICSC 1450
NFPA 704
Flash pyntNon-flammable
Lethal dose or concentration (LD, LC):
LD50 (Median dose)
2600 mg/kg (oral, ratton)[5]
Relatit compoonds
Ither anions
Potassium fluoride
Potassium bromide
Potassium iodide
Potassium astatide
Ither cations
Lithium chloride
Sodium chloride
Rubidium chloride
Caesium chloride
Francium chloride
Relatit compoonds
Potassium chlorate
Potassium perchlorate
Except whaur itherwise notit, data are gien for materials in thair staundart state (at 25 °C [77 °F], 100 kPa).
YesY verify (whit is YesYN ?)
Infobox references

Potassium chloride (KCl) is a metal halide saut componed o potassium an chloride.

  • references

References

  1. "Potassium chloride (PIM 430)". International Programme on Chemical Safety. 3.3.1 Properties of the substance. Retrieved 2011-01-17. 
  2. D.B. Sirdeshmukh; L. Sirdeshmukh; K.G. Subhadra. Alkali Halides: A Handbook of Physical Properties. 
  3. 3.0 3.1 Zumdahl, Steven S. (2009). Chemical Principles 6th Ed. Houghton Mifflin Company. p. A22. ISBN 0-618-94690-X. 
  4. "Compound Summary for CID 4873". Retrieved 17 October 2015. 
  5. http://chem.sis.nlm.nih.gov/chemidplus/rn/7447-40-7 Template:Full citation needed
Other Languages
български: Калиев хлорид
bosanski: Kalij-hlorid
Deutsch: Kaliumchlorid
Esperanto: Kalia klorido
hrvatski: Kalijev klorid
Bahasa Indonesia: Kalium klorida
한국어: 염화 칼륨
Кыргызча: Калий хлориди
lietuvių: Kalio chloridas
latviešu: Kālija hlorīds
മലയാളം: ഇന്തുപ്പ്
Bahasa Melayu: Kalium klorida
Nederlands: Kaliumchloride
русский: Хлорид калия
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Kalijum hlorid
Simple English: Potassium chloride
slovenčina: Chlorid draselný
српски / srpski: Калијум хлорид
svenska: Kaliumklorid
українська: Хлорид калію
Tiếng Việt: Kali clorua
吴语: 氯化钾
中文: 氯化钾
粵語: 氯化鉀