Portugal
English: Portugal

Portuguese Republic
República Portuguesa (Portuguese)
Anthem: "A Portuguesa"
"The Portuguese Fowk"
Portugal  (dark green)

– on the European continent  (green & dark grey)
– in the European Union  (green)

Caipital
and largest city
Lisbon
38°46′N 9°9′W / 38°46′N 9°9′W / 38.767; -9.150
Offeecial leidsPortuguese
Recognised regional languagesMirandese[a]
Ethnic groups (2011)
DemonymPortuguese
GovrenmentUnitar semi-presidential republic
• Preses
Marcelo Rebelo de Sousa
• Assembly Preses
Eduardo Ferro Rodrigues
• Prime Meenister
António Costa
LegislaturAssembly o the Republic
Formation
• Foundation
868
• Re-foondin
1095
• Sovereignty
24 Juin 1128
• Kinrick
26 Julie 1139
• Recogneetion
5 October 1143
• Papal recogneetion
23 Mey 1179
• Restoration
1 December 1640
• Republic
5 October 1910
• Democratization
25 Apryle 1974
• Present Constitution[b]
25 Apryle 1976
• EEC accession
1 Januar 1986
Aurie
• Total
92,212 km2 (35,603 sq mi)[1] (111t)
• Water (%)
0.5
Population
• 2016 estimate
10,309,573[2] (83rd)
• 2011 census
10,562,178[3]
• Density
115/km2 (297.8/sq mi) (97t)
GDP (PPP)2017 estimate
• Total
$310.651 billion[4] (50t)
• Per capita
$30,193[4] (40t)
GDP (nominal)2017 estimate
• Tot
$202.770 billion[4] (43t)
• Per capita
$19,707[4] (36t)
Gini (2015)positive decrease 34.0[5]
medium
HDI (2015)Increase 0.843[6]
verra heich · 41st
CurrencyEuro[c] (€) (EUR)
Time zoneUTC−1 (WET (UTC)
AZOT)
• Summer (DST)
WEST (UTC+1)
AZOST
Note: Mainland Portugal an Madeira uise WET/WEST, the Azores uise AZOT/AZOST
AntipodesNew Zealand an Paceefic Ocean
Date formatdd/mm/yyyy
Drivin sidericht
Cawin code+351
ISO 3166 codePT
Internet TLD.pt
  1. ^ Mirandese, spoken in some veelages o the municipality o Miranda do Douro, wis offeecially recognised in 1999 (Lei n.° 7/99 de 29 de Janeiro),[7] awarding it an official right-of-use.[8] Portuguese Sign Leid is an aa recognised.
  2. ^ Portuguese Constitution adoptit in 1976 wi several subsequent minor revisions, atween 1982 an 2005.
  3. ^ Afore 2002, the escudo.

Portugal, offeecially the Portuguese Republic (Portuguese: República Portuguesa [ʁɛˈpuβlikɐ puɾtuˈɣezɐ]),[note 1] is a sovereign state locatit maistly on the Iberian Peninsula in soothwastren Europe. It is the wastrenmaist kintra o mainland Europe, mairchit tae the wast an sooth bi the Atlantic Ocean an tae the north an east bi Spain. Its territory an aw includes the Atlantic airchipelagaes o the Azores an Madeira, baith autonomous regions wi thair awn regional govrenments.

Portugal is the auldest state in the Iberian Peninsula an ane o the auldest in Europe, its territory haein been conteenously settled, invadit an focht ower syne prehistoric times. The Pre-Celts, Celts, Carthaginians an Romans war follaed bi the invasions o the Visigoths an Suebi Germanic fowks. Portugal as a kintra wis established in the Christian Reconquista against the Moors that haed invadit the Iberian Peninsula in 711 AD. Despite attempts at unthirldom syne its foondation as a coonty in 868,[9] anerly efter the Battle o São Mamede in 1128, whaur Portuguese forces led bi Afonso Henriques defeatit forces led bi his mither, Theresa o Portugal, the Coonty o Portugal affirmed its sovereignty an Afonso Henriques styled himsel Prince o Portugal. He wad later be proclaimed Keeng o Portugal at the Battle o Ourique in 1139 an wis recognised as sic bi neighbouring kinricks in 1143.[10]

In the 15t an 16t centuries, Portugal established the first global empire, acomin ane o the warld's major economic, poleetical an militar pouers.[11][12][13] In this period, the day referred tae as the Age o Diskivery, Portuguese explorers pioneered maritime exploration, notably unner ryal patronage o Prince Henry the Navigator an Keeng John II, wi sic notable voyages as Bartolomeu Dias' sailin ayont the Cape o Guid Howp (1488), Vasco da Gama's diskivery o the sea route tae Indie (1497–98) an the European diskivery o Brazil (1500). In this time, Portugal monopolised the spice tred, an the empire expandit wi militar campaigns in Asie. Houiver, events sic as the destruction o Lisbon in a 1755 yirdquauk, the kintra's occupation in the Napoleonic Wars, an the unthirldom o Brazil (1822), left Portugal crippelt frae war an diminished in its warld pouer.[14]

Efter the 1910 revolution deponed the monarchy, the democratic but unstable Portuguese First Republic wis established, later bein supersedit bi the Estado Novo richt-weeng authoritarian regime. Democracy wis restored efter the Carnation Revolution in 1974, endin the Portuguese Colonial War. Shortly efter, unthirldom wis grantit tae awmaist aw its owerseas territories. The haundower o Macau tae Cheenae in 1999 merkit the end o whit can be conseedert the langest-leeved colonial empire.[15] Portugal haes left a profoond cultural an airchitectural influence athort the globe, a legacy o 300 million Portuguese speakers, an mony Portuguese-based creoles. A member o the Unitit Naitions an the European Union, Portugal wis an aw ane o the foondin members of NATO, the eurozone, the OECD, an the Community o Portuguese Leid Kintras.

Portugal is a developit kintra wi a heicch-income advanced economy, a developed mercat, an heich leevin staundarts.[16][17][18] It is ranked heichly in terms o LGBTI richts (6t in Europe),[19] press freedom (14t), social progress (20t) an prosperity (25t). Wi its poleetical stability an law crime rates, it is rankit as the maist peacefu kintra in the EU an the 3rd in the warld.[20] Addeetionally, it is a sustainable state,[21] mainteenin a unitar semi-presidential republic, a strang rule o law, an the lawest levels o corruption in soothren Europe. Portugal ranks abuin the OECD average in mathematics, science, an readin, haein been the kintra wi the maist expressive positive evolution ootthrou PISA's studies.[22] Awtho a Catholic-majority kintra for maist o its history, modren Portugal is a secular state wi ane o the warld's heichest rates o moral freedom. It wis the first kintra tae abolish life impreesonment[23] an ane o the earliest tae abolish caipital punishment. Practices sic as abortion, same-sex marriage an adoption, medically assisted insemination for single weemen an lesbian couples,[24] an altruistic surrogacy[25] hae been legalised. In 2001, Portugal becam the first kintra in the warld tae decriminalise the possession an consumption o aw illeecit drogs, focusin on treatment an hairm reduction, wi signeeficant public heal gains.[26]

Notes

  1. In recognised minority leids o Portugal:
Other Languages
Аҧсшәа: Португалиа
Acèh: Portugéh
адыгабзэ: Португалие
Afrikaans: Portugal
Alemannisch: Portugal
አማርኛ: ፖርቱጋል
aragonés: Portugal
Ænglisc: Portugal
العربية: البرتغال
ܐܪܡܝܐ: ܦܘܪܛܘܓܠ
asturianu: Portugal
Aymar aru: Purtuwal
azərbaycanca: Portuqaliya
تۆرکجه: پورتوقال
башҡортса: Португалия
Boarisch: Portugal
žemaitėška: Puortogalėjė
Bikol Central: Portugal
беларуская: Партугалія
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Партугалія
български: Португалия
भोजपुरी: पुर्तगाल
Bislama: Portugal
বাংলা: পর্তুগাল
བོད་ཡིག: པོ་ཅུ་གྷལ།
বিষ্ণুপ্রিয়া মণিপুরী: পর্তুগাল
brezhoneg: Portugal
bosanski: Portugal
ᨅᨔ ᨕᨘᨁᨗ: Portugis
буряад: Португал
català: Portugal
Chavacano de Zamboanga: Portugal
Mìng-dĕ̤ng-ngṳ̄: Buò-dò̤-ngà
нохчийн: Португали
Cebuano: Portugal
Chamoru: Portugal
ᏣᎳᎩ: ᏉᏥᎦᎳ
کوردی: پورتوگال
corsu: Portugallu
qırımtatarca: Portugaliya
čeština: Portugalsko
kaszëbsczi: Pòrtugalskô
словѣньскъ / ⰔⰎⰑⰂⰡⰐⰠⰔⰍⰟ: Портогалїꙗ
Чӑвашла: Португали
Cymraeg: Portiwgal
dansk: Portugal
Deutsch: Portugal
Zazaki: Portekiz
dolnoserbski: Portugalska
डोटेली: पोर्चुगल
ދިވެހިބަސް: ޕޯޗުގަލް
eʋegbe: Portugal
Ελληνικά: Πορτογαλία
emiliàn e rumagnòl: Purtugàl
English: Portugal
Esperanto: Portugalio
español: Portugal
eesti: Portugal
euskara: Portugal
estremeñu: Portugal
فارسی: پرتغال
Fulfulde: Portokeesi
suomi: Portugali
Võro: Portugal
føroyskt: Portugal
français: Portugal
arpetan: Portugal
Nordfriisk: Portugal
furlan: Portugal
Frysk: Portegal
Gagauz: Portugaliya
Gàidhlig: A' Phortagail
galego: Portugal
Avañe'ẽ: Poytuga
गोंयची कोंकणी / Gõychi Konknni: पोर्तुगाल
ગુજરાતી: પોર્ટુગલ
Hausa: Portugal
客家語/Hak-kâ-ngî: Phù-thò-ngà
Hawaiʻi: Potugala
עברית: פורטוגל
हिन्दी: पुर्तगाल
Fiji Hindi: Portugal
hrvatski: Portugal
hornjoserbsce: Portugalska
Kreyòl ayisyen: Pòtigal
magyar: Portugália
հայերեն: Պորտուգալիա
Արեւմտահայերէն: Փորթուկալ
interlingua: Portugal
Bahasa Indonesia: Portugal
Interlingue: Portugal
Igbo: Portugal
Ilokano: Portugal
ГӀалгӀай: Португали
íslenska: Portúgal
italiano: Portogallo
日本語: ポルトガル
Patois: Puotigal
la .lojban.: potygu'e
Jawa: Portugal
ქართული: პორტუგალია
Qaraqalpaqsha: Portugaliya
Taqbaylit: Portugal
Адыгэбзэ: Португалэ
Kabɩyɛ: Pɔritigaalɩ
қазақша: Португалия
kalaallisut: Portugal
ភាសាខ្មែរ: ព័រទុយហ្គាល់
한국어: 포르투갈
Перем Коми: Португал
къарачай-малкъар: Португалия
kurdî: Portûgal
kernowek: Portyngal
Кыргызча: Португалия
Latina: Portugallia
Ladino: Portugal
Lëtzebuergesch: Portugal
лакку: Португал
Lingua Franca Nova: Portugal
Limburgs: Portugal
Ligure: Pòrtogallo
lingála: Pulutugal
لۊری شومالی: پورتغال
lietuvių: Portugalija
latgaļu: Portugaleja
latviešu: Portugāle
मैथिली: पोर्चुगल
мокшень: Португалия
Malagasy: Pôrtogaly
олык марий: Португалий
Māori: Potukara
Minangkabau: Portugis
македонски: Португалија
മലയാളം: പോർച്ചുഗൽ
монгол: Португали
Bahasa Melayu: Portugal
Malti: Portugall
Mirandés: Pertual
မြန်မာဘာသာ: ပေါ်တူဂီနိုင်ငံ
مازِرونی: پرتغال
Dorerin Naoero: Portsiugar
Napulitano: Purtuallo
Plattdüütsch: Portugal
Nedersaksies: Portugal
नेपाली: पोर्चुगल
नेपाल भाषा: पोर्चुगल
Nederlands: Portugal
norsk nynorsk: Portugal
norsk: Portugal
Novial: Portugal
Nouormand: Portugâ
Sesotho sa Leboa: Portugal
occitan: Portugal
Livvinkarjala: Portugalii
Oromoo: Poorchugaal
ਪੰਜਾਬੀ: ਪੁਰਤਗਾਲ
Pangasinan: Portugal
Kapampangan: Portugal
Papiamentu: Portugal
Picard: Portugal
Norfuk / Pitkern: Porchugal
polski: Portugalia
Piemontèis: Portugal
پنجابی: پرتگال
Ποντιακά: Πορτογαλία
پښتو: پرتګال
português: Portugal
Runa Simi: Purtugal
rumantsch: Portugal
romani čhib: Portugaliya
Kirundi: Portugal
română: Portugalia
tarandíne: Purtugalle
русский: Португалия
русиньскый: Портуґалія
Kinyarwanda: Porutigali
संस्कृतम्: पुर्तगाल
саха тыла: Португалия
ᱥᱟᱱᱛᱟᱲᱤ: ᱯᱳᱨᱛᱩᱜᱟᱞ
sardu: Portugallu
sicilianu: Portugallu
سنڌي: پرتگال
davvisámegiella: Portugal
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Portugal
සිංහල: පෘතුගාලය
Simple English: Portugal
slovenčina: Portugalsko
slovenščina: Portugalska
Gagana Samoa: Potukale
chiShona: Portugal
Soomaaliga: Burtuqaal
shqip: Portugalia
српски / srpski: Португалија
Sranantongo: Portugesokondre
SiSwati: IPhuthukezi
Sesotho: Portugal
Seeltersk: Portugal
Sunda: Portugal
svenska: Portugal
Kiswahili: Ureno
ślůnski: Portugalijo
తెలుగు: పోర్చుగల్
tetun: Portugál
тоҷикӣ: Португалия
Türkmençe: Portugaliýa
Tagalog: Portugal
Tok Pisin: Potugal
Türkçe: Portekiz
Xitsonga: Phochugali
татарча/tatarça: Португалия
chiTumbuka: Portugal
reo tahiti: Pōtītī
удмурт: Португалия
ئۇيغۇرچە / Uyghurche: پورتۇگالىيە
українська: Португалія
اردو: پرتگال
oʻzbekcha/ўзбекча: Portugaliya
Tshivenda: Portugal
vèneto: Portogało
vepsän kel’: Portugalii
Tiếng Việt: Bồ Đào Nha
West-Vlams: Portugal
Volapük: Portugän
walon: Portugal
Winaray: Portugal
Wolof: Portugaal
吴语: 葡萄牙
მარგალური: პორტუგალია
ייִדיש: פארטוגאל
Yorùbá: Pọ́rtúgàl
Vahcuengh: Buzdauzyaz
Zeêuws: Portuhal
中文: 葡萄牙
文言: 葡萄牙
Bân-lâm-gú: Phû-tô-gâ
粵語: 葡萄牙
isiZulu: IPhothugali