Mongolie leid

The Mongolian leid ( Monggol kele.svg, Mongγol kele; Cyrillic: Монгол хэл, Mongol khel ) is the best-kent member o the Mongolic leid family. It haes aboot 5.7 million speakers, includin ower 90% o the residents o Mongolie[1] an mony o the Mongolian residents o the Inner Mongolie autonomous region o Cheenae. In Mongolie, the Khalkha dialect o Mongolian, written in Cyrillic, is predominant; in Inner Mongolie, the leid is mair dialectally diverse an written in the traditional Mongolian script.

Mongolian haes vouel hermony an a complex seellabic structure for a Mongolic leid that allous up tae three seellable-final consonants. It is a typical agglutinative leid that relies on suffix chains in the verbal an nominal domains. While the basic wird order is subject–object–predicate, the noun phrase order is relatively free, so functional roles are indicatit bi a seestem o aboot aicht grammatical cases. Thare are five voices. Verbs are marked for voice, aspect, tense, an epistemic modality/evidentiality. In sentence linkin, a special role is played bi converbs.

Modren Mongolian evolved frae "Middle Mongolian", the leid spoken in the Mongol Empire o the 13t an 14t centuries. In the transition, a major shift in the vouel hermony paradigm occurred, lang vouels developed, the case seestem wis slichtly reformed, an the verbal seestem wis restructured.

  • references

References

  1. Ethnologue, Mongolia page
Other Languages
Afrikaans: Mongools
አማርኛ: ሞንጎልኛ
aragonés: Idioma mongol
العربية: لغة منغولية
asturianu: Idioma mongol
azərbaycanca: Monqol dili
башҡортса: Монгол теле
беларуская: Мангольская мова
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Мангольская мова
български: Монголски език
brezhoneg: Mongoleg
català: Mongol
Mìng-dĕ̤ng-ngṳ̄: Mùng-gū-ngṳ̄
čeština: Mongolština
Чӑвашла: Монгол чĕлхи
Cymraeg: Mongoleg
Esperanto: Mongola lingvo
español: Idioma mongol
euskara: Mongoliera
français: Mongol
Frysk: Mongoalsk
客家語/Hak-kâ-ngî: Mùng-kú-ngî
עברית: מונגולית
हिन्दी: मंगोल भाषा
Fiji Hindi: Mongolian bhasa
hornjoserbsce: Mongolšćina
magyar: Mongol nyelv
Հայերեն: Մոնղոլերեն
Bahasa Indonesia: Bahasa Mongol
íslenska: Mongólska
italiano: Lingua mongola
日本語: モンゴル語
Qaraqalpaqsha: Mongol tili
қазақша: Моңғол тілі
kalaallisut: Mongoliamiutut
한국어: 몽골어
Кыргызча: Монгол тили
lietuvių: Mongolų kalba
latviešu: Mongoļu valoda
македонски: Монголски јазик
монгол: Монгол хэл
Bahasa Melayu: Bahasa Mongolia
Dorerin Naoero: Dorerin Mongoriya
Nāhuatl: Mongollahtōlli
नेपाल भाषा: मंगोल भाषा
Nederlands: Mongools
norsk nynorsk: Mongolsk
norsk: Mongolsk
occitan: Mongòl
Kapampangan: Amanung Monggol
پنجابی: منگولی
português: Língua mongol
Runa Simi: Muñgul simi
română: Limba mongolă
саха тыла: Монгуол тыла
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Mongolski jezik
Simple English: Mongolian language
slovenčina: Mongolčina
српски / srpski: Монголски језик
svenska: Mongoliska
Türkmençe: Mongol dili
Türkçe: Moğolca
Xitsonga: Mongolia
татарча/tatarça: Монгол теле
тыва дыл: Моол дыл
ئۇيغۇرچە / Uyghurche: موڭغۇل تىلى
українська: Монгольська мова
oʻzbekcha/ўзбекча: Mongol tili
Tiếng Việt: Tiếng Mông Cổ
Volapük: Mongolänapük
吴语: 蒙古语
მარგალური: მონღოლური ნინა
ייִדיש: מאנגאליש
中文: 蒙古语
文言: 蒙古語
Bân-lâm-gú: Bông-kó͘-gí
粵語: 蒙古話