|Oreigin||Los Angeles, Californie, Unitit States|
|Labels||Elektra, Vertigo, Megaforce, Warner Bros.|
|Associate acts||Megadeth, Echobrain, |
Spastik Children, Leather Charm,
Flotsam and Jetsam, San Francisco Symphony,
Black Label Society, Ozzy Osbourne,
Suicidal Tendencies, Lou Reed
|Past members||Ron McGovney|
Metallica (pronounced /mɛˈtælɨkə/ (deprecatit template)) is an American hivy metal baund frae Los Angeles, Californie, formed in 1981. The baund wis foondit when an advertisement postit bi drummer Lars Ulrich in a local newspaper, wis respondit tae bi James Hetfield. Metallica's line up haes primarily consistit o Ulrich, rhythm guitarist an vocalist James Hetfield an lead guitarist Kirk Hammett, while goin through a number o bassists (Ron McGovney, Cliff Burton, Jason Newsted). The spot is currently held bi Robert Trujillo. The baund's oreeginal lead guitarist, afore Hammett, wis current Megadeth guitarist an lead vocalist Dave Mustaine.
Metallica's early releases includit fast tempos, instrumentals, an aggressive muisicianship that placed them as ane o the "big fower" o the thrash metal subgenre alangside Slayer, Megadeth, an Anthrax durin the genre's development intae a popular style. The baund earned a growin fan base in the undergrund muisic community an critical acclaim, wi the 1986 release Master of Puppets described as ane o the maist influential an "hivy" thrash metal albums. The baund achieved substantial commercial success wi their eponymous fift album (an aa kent as The Black Album), which debuted at number ane on the Billboard 200. Wi this release the baund expandit its muisical direction resultin in an album that appealed tae a mair mainstream audience.
Metallica haes released nine studio albums, three live albums, twa EPs, 24 muisic videos, an 45 singles. The baund haes wan nine Grammy Awards, an haes haed five consecutive albums debut at number ane on the Billboard 200, makin Metallica the first an ae baund tae dae so, this record wis later matched bi the Dave Matthews Band. The baund's 1991 album, Metallica, haes sauld ower 15 million copies in the Unitit States, an 22 million copies warldwide, which makes it the 25t-hichtest-sellin album in the kintra. In December 2009, it became the hichtest-sellin album of the SoundScan era, surpassin 1997's Come On Over bi country airtist Shania Twain. The band haes sauld an estimatit 100 million records warldwide as o the release o their latest album, Death Magnetic. As o December 2009, Metallica is the fowert best-sellin muisic airtist since the SoundScan era began trackin sales on Mey 25, 1991, sellin a total o 52,271,000 albums in the Unitit States alone.