Manama

Manama
المنامة al-Manāma
Ceety
Manama an Bahrain.
Manama an Bahrain.
Coordinates: 26°13′N 50°35′E / 26°13′N 50°35′E / 26.217; 50.583
KintraBahrain
GovrenorateCaipital
Govrenment
 • GovrenorHumood bin Abdullah bin Hamad Al Khalifa
Population (2010)
 • Ceety157,474
 • Density5,304/km2 (13,740/sq mi)
 • Metro329,510
WabsteidOffeecial wabsteid

Manama (Arabic: المنامة‎, transliteration: al-Manāma) is the caipital an lairgest ceety o Bahrain, wi an approximate population o 155,000 fowk.

Lang an important tradin centre in the Persie Gulf, Manama is hame tae a vera diverse population. Efter periods o Portuguese an Persian control an invasions frae the Al Sauds an Oman, Bahrain established itsel as an independent naition durin the 19t Century period o Breetish hegemony. In the 20t Century, Bahrain's ile walth helped spur fast growth an in the 1990s a concertit diversification effort lead tae expansion in ither industries an helped transform Manama intae an important financial hub in the Middle East.

History

Main article: History o Bahrain

Manama wis mentioned in Islamic chronicles at least as far back as 1345. It wis conquered bi Portugal in 1521 an then bi the Persians in 1602. Syne 1783 it haes been unner the control o the Al-Khalifa dynasty. Manama wis declared a free port in 1958, an in 1971 it became the caipital o independent Bahrain.

The north o Bahrain’s main island, which is dominatit bi Manama the day, haes seen human activity for roughly 5,000 years, as is indicatit frae the remains aroond Bahrain Fort. Early indwallers are aften associatit wi the historical Dilmun Ceevilisation though the historical records o Dilmun are scanty. The islanders wur suin, housomeivver, disturbit bi a series o invaders, beginnin wi the Assyrians durin the BC period an endin wi the Arabs. Durin these mony centuries Bahrain wis a trading post whose importance fluctuatit dependin on which empire dominatit. Manama an its indwallers wur first introduced tae Islam durin the 7t century an bi the 9t century began tae lean tae a mair conservative amaist socialist belief seestem that caused considerable friction wi the surroondin Muslim lands. The Qarmatians, as this group wis kent, ransackt Mecca in 930 durin the sacred Hajj, killin hunders afore escapin wi the hintle revered Black Stane. A feud wi the Baghdad-based Abbasids less nor 50 years later saw the Qarmatians leave the toun.

Manama seen frae a SPOT satellite.

The next major foreign intervention in Bahrain came at the beginnin o the 16t century when the Portuguese naval fleets arrived, swith crushin the sma local population in Manama an the surroondin auries. Bahrain Fort wis biggit durin this era, probably tae keep oot the Persians who nivertheless managed a series o invasions as the whole island alternatit atween the Portuguese, Persians, an Omanis for the follaein twa centuries. Ance the Persians eventually forced the ither twa oot, it wis no lang afore the Al Khalifa family appeared frae nearbi Qatar, tae take control o the whole o the island at the end o the 18t century. The new rulers, whose dynasty continues tae this day, sought protection against the Persians frae the Breetish Empire, which bi that time haed establisht its hegemony in hintle o the Middle East, an Manama entered a period o colonial influence. Colonial interest anerlie increased when ile wis discovered 30 km (19 mi) sooth o Manama in the centre o the island an first extractit in 1931. Efter Warld War II, Bahrain muived slowly towards unthirldom an eventually in 1971 the Breetish pulled oot leavin Manama in chairge o its awn affairs. This wis the beginnin o a period that haes seen it grow an flourish primarily due tae the considerable walth accumulatit through ile production an processin.

Other Languages
Acèh: Al-Manamah
Afrikaans: Manama
Alemannisch: Manama
አማርኛ: ማናማ
aragonés: Manama
Ænglisc: Manama
العربية: المنامة
مصرى: المنامه
asturianu: Manama
azərbaycanca: Manama
تۆرکجه: منامه
беларуская: Манама
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Манама
български: Манама
বাংলা: মানামা
བོད་ཡིག: མ་ན་མ།
brezhoneg: Manama
bosanski: Manama
català: Al-Manama
Mìng-dĕ̤ng-ngṳ̄: Manama
нохчийн: Манама
کوردی: مەنامە
čeština: Manáma
Cymraeg: Manama
dansk: Manama
Deutsch: Manama
Ελληνικά: Μανάμα
English: Manama
Esperanto: Manamo
español: Manama
eesti: Manama
euskara: Manama
فارسی: منامه
suomi: Manama
français: Manama
arpetan: Manama
Frysk: Manama
Gaeilge: Manama
Gàidhlig: Manama
galego: Manama
客家語/Hak-kâ-ngî: Manama
עברית: מנאמה
Fiji Hindi: Manama
hrvatski: Manama
hornjoserbsce: Manama
Kreyòl ayisyen: Manama
magyar: Manáma
Հայերեն: Մանամա
Bahasa Indonesia: Al-Manamah
Interlingue: Manama
Ilokano: Manama
íslenska: Manama
italiano: Manama
日本語: マナーマ
ქართული: მანამა
Qaraqalpaqsha: Manama
Taqbaylit: Manama
Gĩkũyũ: Manama
қазақша: Манама
kalaallisut: Manama
한국어: 마나마
Кыргызча: Манама
Latina: Manama
Lëtzebuergesch: Manama
lumbaart: Manama
lietuvių: Menama
latviešu: Manāma
मैथिली: मनामा
Malagasy: Manama
македонски: Манама
മലയാളം: മനാമ
монгол: Манама
मराठी: मनामा
Bahasa Melayu: Manama
Malti: Manama
Dorerin Naoero: Manama
नेपाली: मनामा
Nederlands: Manamah
norsk nynorsk: Manama
norsk: Manama
occitan: Manama
ଓଡ଼ିଆ: ମାନାମା
Ирон: Манамæ
ਪੰਜਾਬੀ: ਮਨਾਮਾ
Papiamentu: Manama
Norfuk / Pitkern: Manaama
polski: Manama
Piemontèis: Manama
پنجابی: منامہ
português: Manama
rumantsch: Manama
română: Manama
русский: Манама
Kinyarwanda: Manama
sicilianu: Manama
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Manama
Simple English: Manama
slovenčina: Manáma
slovenščina: Manama
chiShona: Manama
shqip: Manama
српски / srpski: Манама
Basa Sunda: Al-Manamah
svenska: Manama
Kiswahili: Manama
தமிழ்: மனாமா
тоҷикӣ: Манама
Tagalog: Manama
Türkçe: Manama
українська: Манама
اردو: منامہ
oʻzbekcha/ўзбекча: Manama
vepsän kel’: Manam
Tiếng Việt: Manama
Volapük: Mänamä
Winaray: Manama
吴语: 麦纳麦
მარგალური: მანამა
Yorùbá: Manama
中文: 麦纳麦
Bân-lâm-gú: Manama
粵語: 麥納瑪