Maltose

Maltose
α-Maltose
α-Maltose
β-Maltose
β-Maltose
Names
IUPAC name
2-(hydroxymethyl)-6-[4,5,6-trihydroxy-2-(hydroxymethyl)oxan-3-yl]oxyoxane-3,4,5-triol
Ither names
4-O-α-D-Glucopyranosyl-D-glucose
Identifiers
3D model (JSmol)
ChEBI
ChEMBL
ChemSpider
ECHA InfoCard100.000.651
200-716-5
UNII
Properties[1]
C12H22O11
Molar mass342.30 g·mol−1
AppearanceWhite pouder or crystals
Density1.54 g/cm3
Meltin pynt 160 tae 165 °C (320 tae 329 °F; 433 tae 438 K) (anhydrous)
102–103 °C (monohydrate)
1.080 g/mL (20 °C)
Chiral rotation [α]D+140.7° (H2O, c = 10)
Hazards
Safety data sheetExternal MSDS
Relatit compoonds
Relatit
Sucrose
Lactose
Trehalose
Cellobiose
Except whaur itherwise notit, data are gien for materials in thair staundart state (at 25 °C [77 °F], 100 kPa).
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Infobox references

Maltose, an aa kent as maltobiose or malt succar, is a disaccharide formed frae twa units o glucose jyned wi an α(1→4) bond, formed frae a condensation reaction. The isomer isomaltose haes twa glucose moleculeslairtit throu an α(1→6) bond. Maltose is the seicont member o an important biochemical series o glucose chains. Maltose is the disaccharide produced when amylase breaks doun stairch. It is foond in germinatin seeds as they break doun thair stairch stores tae uise for fuid, which is wha it wis named efter malt. It is an aa produced when glucose is caramelised.[2]

  • references

References

  1. Weast, Robert C., ed. (1981). CRC Handbook of Chemistry and Physics (62nd ed.). Boca Raton, FL: CRC Press. p. C-367. ISBN 0-8493-0462-8. .
  2. Sugisawa, Hirqshi; Edo, Hiroshi (1966). "The Thermal Degradation of Sugars I. Thermal Polymerization of Glucose". Journal of Food Science. 31 (4): 561. 10.1111/j.1365-2621.1966.tb01905.x. 
Other Languages
Afrikaans: Maltose
العربية: مالتوز
تۆرکجه: مالتوز
беларуская: Мальтоза
български: Малтоза
bosanski: Maltoza
català: Maltosa
Mìng-dĕ̤ng-ngṳ̄: Măk-ngà-tòng
čeština: Maltóza
dansk: Maltose
Deutsch: Maltose
Ελληνικά: Μαλτόζη
English: Maltose
Esperanto: Maltozo
español: Maltosa
eesti: Maltoos
euskara: Maltosa
فارسی: مالتوز
suomi: Maltoosi
français: Maltose
Gaeilge: Maltós
galego: Maltosa
עברית: מלטוז
hrvatski: Maltoza
magyar: Maltóz
հայերեն: Մալթոզ
Bahasa Indonesia: Maltosa
íslenska: Maltósi
italiano: Maltosio
日本語: マルトース
қазақша: Мальтоза
한국어: 말토스
Кыргызча: Мальтоза
Latina: Maltosum
Lëtzebuergesch: Maltos
Limburgs: Maltsókker
lietuvių: Maltozė
latviešu: Maltoze
Bahasa Melayu: Maltosa
Nederlands: Maltose
norsk nynorsk: Maltsukker
norsk: Maltose
occitan: Maltòsa
polski: Maltoza
português: Maltose
română: Maltoză
русский: Мальтоза
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Maltoza
සිංහල: මෝල්ටෝස්
Simple English: Maltose
slovenčina: Maltóza
slovenščina: Maltoza
shqip: Maltoza
српски / srpski: Малтоза
svenska: Maltos
Türkçe: Maltoz
українська: Мальтоза
Tiếng Việt: Kẹo mạch nha
中文: 麥芽糖
Bân-lâm-gú: Be̍h-gê-thn̂g
粵語: 麥芽醣