A magnetic quadrupole

Magnetism is a cless o pheesical phenomena that are mediatit bi magnetic fields. Electric currents an the magnetic moments o elementar pairticles gie rise tae a magnetic field, that acts on ither currents an magnetic moments. The maist fameeliar effects occur in ferromagnetic materials, that are strangly attractit bi magnetic fields an can be magnetised tae acome permanent magnets, producin magnetic fields themselves. Anerly a few substances are ferromagnetic; the maist common anes are airn, nickel an cobaut an thair alloys. The prefix ferro- refers tae airn, acause permanent magnetism wis first observed in lodestane, a form of naitural airn ore cried magnetite, Fe3O4.

Awtho ferromagnetism is responsible for maist o the effects o magnetism encoontered in iveryday life, aw ither materials are influenced tae some extent bi a magnetic field, bi several ither teeps o magnetism. Paramagnetic substances sic as alumeenium an oxygen are waikly attractit tae an applee'd magnetic field; diamagnetic substances sic as capper an caurbon are waikly repelled; while antiferromagnetic materials sic as chromium an spin glesses hae a mair complex relationship wi a magnetic field. The force o a magnet on paramagnetic, diamagnetic, an antiferromagnetic materials is uisually too waik tae be felt, an can be detectit anerly bi laboratory instruments, sae in iveryday life thir substances are eften descrived as non-magnetic.

The magnetic state (or magnetic phase) o a material depends on temperatur an ither variables sic as pressur an the applee'd magnetic field. A material mey exhibit mair nor ane form o magnetism as thir variables chynge.

Other Languages
Afrikaans: Magnetisme
العربية: مغناطيسية
asturianu: Magnetismu
azərbaycanca: Maqnetizm
Boarisch: Magnetismus
беларуская: Магнетызм
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Магнэтызм
български: Магнетизъм
བོད་ཡིག: ཁབ་ལེན་
brezhoneg: Gwarellegezh
bosanski: Magnetizam
català: Magnetisme
čeština: Magnetismus
dansk: Magnetisme
Deutsch: Magnetismus
Ελληνικά: Μαγνητισμός
English: Magnetism
Esperanto: Magnetismo
español: Magnetismo
eesti: Magnetism
euskara: Magnetismo
فارسی: مغناطیس
suomi: Magnetismi
Võro: Magnõtism
français: Magnétisme
Gaeilge: Maighnéadas
galego: Magnetismo
עברית: מגנטיות
हिन्दी: चुम्बकत्व
hrvatski: Magnetizam
magyar: Mágnesség
Bahasa Indonesia: Magnetisme
íslenska: Segulmagn
italiano: Magnetismo
日本語: 磁性
la .lojban.: makykai
қазақша: Магнетизм
ಕನ್ನಡ: ಕಾಂತತೆ
한국어: 자기
Lëtzebuergesch: Magnetismus
Limburgs: Magnetisme
lietuvių: Magnetizmas
latviešu: Magnētisms
മലയാളം: കാന്തികത
Bahasa Melayu: Kemagnetan
Nederlands: Magnetisme
norsk nynorsk: Magnetisme
norsk: Magnetisme
ਪੰਜਾਬੀ: ਚੁੰਬਕਤਾ
polski: Magnetyzm
português: Magnetismo
Runa Simi: Llut'ariy
română: Magnetism
русский: Магнетизм
sicilianu: Magnitismu
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Magnetizam
Simple English: Magnetism
slovenčina: Magnetizmus
slovenščina: Magnetizem
shqip: Magnetizmi
српски / srpski: Магнетизам
Basa Sunda: Magnétisme
svenska: Magnetism
Kiswahili: Usumaku
Tagalog: Magnetismo
Türkçe: Mıknatıslık
українська: Магнетизм
Tiếng Việt: Từ học
Winaray: Magnetismo
Bân-lâm-gú: Chû-khì