Jordan

The Hashemite Kinrick o Jordan
المملكة الأردنية الهاشمية (Arabic)
Al-Mamlakah Al-Urdunnīyah Al-Ḥāshimīyah
Motto: "God, Kintra, Keeng"
الله، الوطن، الملك (Arabic)
Allah, Al-Waṭan, Al-Malik[1]
Anthem: (Scots: The Ryal Anthem o Jordan)
السلام الملكي الأردني
Al-Salam Al-Malaki Al-Urdunni

Jordan (orthographic projection).svg
Map of Jordan showing influential governorate centers
Map of Jordan showing influential governorate centers
Caipital
and largest city
Amman
31°57′N 35°56′E / 31°57′N 35°56′E / 31.950; 35.933
Offeecial leidsArabic
Ethnic groups
DemonymJordanian
GovrenmentUnitar pairlamentar constitutional monarchy
• Keeng
Abdullah II
• Prime Meenister
Hani Al-Mulki
LegislaturPairlament
• Upper house
Senate
• Lower house
Hoose o Representatives
Unthirldom frae Breetain
• The Emirate o Transjordan
11 Apryle 1921
• The Hashemite Kinrick o Jordan
25 May 1946
Aurie
• Total
89,341 km2 (34,495 sq mi) (112t)
Population
• August 2017 estimate
9,952,293[2] (90t)
• November 2015 census
9,531,712
• Density
107/km2 (277.1/sq mi) (100t)
GDP (PPP)2016 estimate
• Total
$86.193 billion[3] (87t)
• Per capita
$11,124[3] (86t)
GDP (nominal)2016 estimate
• Tot
$39.453 billion[3] (92nt)
• Per capita
$5,092[3] (95t)
Gini (2011)35.4[4]
medium
HDI (2014)Steady 0.748[5]
heich · 80th
CurrencyDinar (JOD)
Time zoneUTC+2 (EET)
• Summer (DST)
UTC+3 (EEST)
Drivin sideri ht
Cawin code+962
Internet TLD.jo
.الاردن

Jordan (/ˈdʒɔrdən/), offeecially the Hashemite Kinrick o Jordan, an forby kent as the JK (short for The Jordanian Kinrick), is a kinrick on the East Bank o the River Jordan in Wastren Asie. It haes mairches wi Saudi Arabie sooth-eastlins, Iraq eastlins, Sirie norlins an Israel an Palestine tae the wast, sharin control o the Dead Sea. Jordan's anerlie port is at its soothren tip, at the Gulf o Aqaba, whilk is skared wi Israel, Egyp, an Saudi Arabie. Hantle o Jordan is kivered bi the Arabian Desert. Housomeivver, the north-wastren pairt o Jordan is pairt o the Fertile Crescent. The caipital ceety is Amman.

Throu its history, Jordan haes seen a thrang o ceevilizations, includin sic auncient near eastren anes as the Canaanites an later ither Semitic fowks lik the Edomites, an the Moabites. Ither ceevilizations possessin poleetical sovereignty an influence in Jordan wur: Akkadian, Assyrian, Israelite/Judean, Babylonian, an Persian empires. The lands o Jordan wur for a time unner the rule o Pharaonic Egyp, componed pairt o the greater Kinrick o Israel (includin the later Judaean Kinrick, Hasmonaen Kinrick o Israel an Herodian Dynasty), an notably, the region o Jordan gied birth tae the Nabataean ceevilization an aw, whilk left rich airchaeological remains at Petra, ane o the New Seiven Wonders o the Warld locatit in the Ma'an Govrenorate. Cultur faurer wast left their mark an aa, like the Macedonian/Greek/Hellenistic, Roman, Byzantine, an Ottoman Turkis empires. Syne the seivent century C.E., the aurie haes been unner the primary rule o Muslim an Arab cultur, wi the exceptions briefly for the aurie in wastren Jordan that wis pairt o the Crusader Kinrick o Jerusalem, an for the hale region in the early-mid twintiet century C.E. unner Breetish rule whilk led tae Jordan's establishment as an autonomous state.

The Hashemite Kinrick o Jordan is a constitutional monarchy wi representative govrenment. The reignin monarch is the chief executive an the commander-in-chief o the airmed forces. The keeng exercises his executive authority through the prime meenisters an the Cooncil o Meenisters, or cabinet. The cabinet, atween hauns, is responsible afore the democratically elect Hoose o Deputies whilk, alang wi the Hoose o Notables (Senate), constitutes the legislative branch o the govrenment. The judicial branch is an independent branch o the govrenment.

Etymology

The kinrick is named efter the river Jordan. The name "Jordan" derives frae the Semitic leids an haes multiple meanins (Auncient Arabian الأردن meanin "Steep/Slope" frae the ruit أرد Arda, Ebreu ruit ירד Yrd an Canaanite), via the Aramaic Yarden meanin "a bodie wha descends".

Other Languages
Acèh: Urdun
адыгабзэ: Иордание
Afrikaans: Jordanië
Alemannisch: Jordanien
አማርኛ: ዮርዳኖስ
aragonés: Chordania
العربية: الأردن
ܐܪܡܝܐ: ܝܘܪܕܢܢ
مصرى: الاردن
অসমীয়া: জৰ্ডান
asturianu: Xordania
azərbaycanca: İordaniya
تۆرکجه: اوردون
башҡортса: Иордания
Boarisch: Jordanien
žemaitėška: Juordanėjė
Bikol Central: Yordanya
беларуская: Іарданія
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Ярданія
български: Йордания
भोजपुरी: जॉर्डन
Bahasa Banjar: Yordania
bamanankan: Ordon
বাংলা: জর্দান
བོད་ཡིག: རྗོར་ཌན།
বিষ্ণুপ্রিয়া মণিপুরী: জর্ডান
brezhoneg: Jordania
bosanski: Jordan
ᨅᨔ ᨕᨘᨁᨗ: Yordania
буряад: Иордани
català: Jordània
Chavacano de Zamboanga: Jordania
Mìng-dĕ̤ng-ngṳ̄: Iók-dáng
нохчийн: Урдан
Cebuano: Hordanya
کوردی: ئوردن
qırımtatarca: Urdun
čeština: Jordánsko
kaszëbsczi: Jordaniô
Чӑвашла: Иордани
dansk: Jordan
Deutsch: Jordanien
Zazaki: Urdun
dolnoserbski: Jordaniska
डोटेली: जोर्डन
ދިވެހިބަސް: އުރުދުން
Ελληνικά: Ιορδανία
English: Jordan
Esperanto: Jordanio
español: Jordania
eesti: Jordaania
euskara: Jordania
estremeñu: Jordania
فارسی: اردن
suomi: Jordania
Võro: Jordaania
føroyskt: Jordan
français: Jordanie
arpetan: J·ordanie
Nordfriisk: Jordaanien
Frysk: Jordaanje
Gaeilge: An Iordáin
Gagauz: İordaniya
galego: Xordania
Avañe'ẽ: Horytáña
गोंयची कोंकणी / Gõychi Konknni: जॉर्डन
ગુજરાતી: જૉર્ડન
Gaelg: Yn Jordaan
Hausa: Jordan
客家語/Hak-kâ-ngî: Yok-tan
Hawaiʻi: Ioredāne
עברית: ירדן
हिन्दी: जॉर्डन
Fiji Hindi: Jordan
hrvatski: Jordan
hornjoserbsce: Jordaniska
Kreyòl ayisyen: Jòdani
magyar: Jordánia
հայերեն: Հորդանան
interlingua: Jordania
Bahasa Indonesia: Yordania
Interlingue: Jordania
Ilokano: Hordania
íslenska: Jórdanía
italiano: Giordania
日本語: ヨルダン
Patois: Jaadn
la .lojban.: jorgu'e
Basa Jawa: Yordania
ქართული: იორდანია
Qaraqalpaqsha: İordaniya
Taqbaylit: Urdun
Адыгэбзэ: Йордан
Kabɩyɛ: Zɔɔrdaanii
Kongo: Jordan
Gĩkũyũ: Jordan
қазақша: Иордания
kalaallisut: Jordan
ភាសាខ្មែរ: ហ្សកដង់
ಕನ್ನಡ: ಜೋರ್ಡಾನ್
한국어: 요르단
къарачай-малкъар: Иордания
kurdî: Urdun
kernowek: Jordan
Кыргызча: Иордания
Latina: Iordania
Lëtzebuergesch: Jordanien
лезги: Иордания
Lingua Franca Nova: Urdun
Limburgs: Jordanië
Ligure: Giordannia
lumbaart: Giurdania
lingála: Zordaní
لۊری شومالی: اوردون
lietuvių: Jordanija
latviešu: Jordānija
मैथिली: जोर्डन
мокшень: Иордание
Malagasy: Jordania
македонски: Јордан
മലയാളം: ജോർദാൻ
монгол: Йордан
मराठी: जॉर्डन
Bahasa Melayu: Jordan
Malti: Ġordan
မြန်မာဘာသာ: ဂျော်ဒန်နိုင်ငံ
مازِرونی: اوردون
Dorerin Naoero: Djordan
Nāhuatl: Iordania
Napulitano: Giurdania
Plattdüütsch: Jordanien
नेपाली: जोर्डन
नेपाल भाषा: जोर्दन
Nederlands: Jordanië
norsk nynorsk: Jordan
norsk: Jordan
Novial: Jordan
occitan: Jordania
Livvinkarjala: Jordanii
Oromoo: Joordaan
ଓଡ଼ିଆ: ଜୋର୍ଡାନ
Ирон: Иордани
ਪੰਜਾਬੀ: ਜਾਰਡਨ
Kapampangan: Hordanya
Papiamentu: Jordan
Picard: Jordanie
पालि: जार्डन
Norfuk / Pitkern: Jordan
polski: Jordania
Piemontèis: Giordania
پنجابی: اردن
پښتو: اردن
português: Jordânia
Runa Simi: Hurdanya
română: Iordania
русский: Иордания
русиньскый: Йорданьско
Kinyarwanda: Yorudani
संस्कृतम्: जार्डन
саха тыла: Иордания
ᱥᱟᱱᱛᱟᱲᱤ: ᱡᱚᱨᱰᱟᱱ
sicilianu: Giurdania
سنڌي: اردن
davvisámegiella: Jordánia
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Jordan
සිංහල: ජෝර්දානය
Simple English: Jordan
slovenčina: Jordánsko
slovenščina: Jordanija
chiShona: Jordan
Soomaaliga: Urdun
shqip: Jordania
српски / srpski: Јордан
Sranantongo: Jordanikondre
SiSwati: IJoridane
Seeltersk: Jordanien
Basa Sunda: Yordania
svenska: Jordanien
Kiswahili: Yordani
ślůnski: Jordańijo
தமிழ்: ஜோர்தான்
తెలుగు: జోర్డాన్
tetun: Jordánia
Türkmençe: Iordaniýa
Tagalog: Hordan
Tok Pisin: Jordan
Türkçe: Ürdün
татарча/tatarça: Үрдүн
chiTumbuka: Jordan
удмурт: Иордания
ئۇيغۇرچە / Uyghurche: ئىئوردانىيە
українська: Йорданія
اردو: اردن
oʻzbekcha/ўзбекча: Iordaniya
vèneto: Zordania
vepsän kel’: Jordanii
Tiếng Việt: Jordan
Volapük: Yordän
Winaray: Hordanya
Wolof: Jordaani
吴语: 约旦
მარგალური: იორდანია
ייִדיש: יארדאניע
Yorùbá: Jọ́rdánì
Vahcuengh: Jordan
Zeêuws: Jordaonië
中文: 约旦
文言: 約旦
Bân-lâm-gú: Iok-tàn
粵語: 約旦