Johannesburg

Johannesburg
City of Johannesburg
Clockwise, frae tap: Johannesburg Airt Gailerie, the Hillbrow skyline at nicht, Nelson Mandela Square in Sandton, Johannesburg CBD leukin east ower the M1 Freewey, the Varsity o the Witwatersrand's East Campus an Montecasino in Fourways.
Clockwise, frae tap: Johannesburg Airt Gailerie, the Hillbrow skyline at nicht, Nelson Mandela Square in Sandton, Johannesburg CBD leukin east ower the M1 Freewey, the Varsity o the Witwatersrand's East Campus an Montecasino in Fourways.
Banner o Johannesburg
Banner
Coat o airms o Johannesburg
Coat o airms
Nickname(s): Jo'burg; Jozi; Mudi Mulila Ngoma (Venda version), Joni (Tsonga version); Egoli (Place o Gowd); Gauteng (Place o Gowd)
Motto(s): "Unity in development"[1]
KintraSooth Africae
ProvinceGauteng
MunicipalityCeety o Johannesburg
Established1886[2]
Govrenment
 • TeepMetropolitan municipality
 • MayorHerman Mashaba (DA)
Aurie[3]
 • City334.81 km2 (129.27 sq mi)
Elevation1,753 m (5,751 ft)
Population (2011)[3]
 • Ceety957,441
 • Density2,900/km2 (7,400/sq mi)
 • Metro[4]9,616,000
Racial makeup (2011)[3]
 • Black African64.2%
 • Coloured13.9%
 • Indian/Asian6.7%
 • White13.9%
 • Other1.3%
First leids (2011)[3]
 • Inglis31.1%
 • Zulu19.6%
 • Afrikaans12.1%
 • Xhosa5.2%
 • Other31.9%
Postal code (street)2001
PO box2000
Aurie code011
HDIIncrease 0.75 High (2012)[5]
GDPUS$ 83.9 billion[6]
GDP per capitaUS$ 18,918[6]
Wabsteidwww.joburg.org.za

Johannesburg (Inglis: /dʒoʊˈhænɪsbɜrɡ/, Afrikaans: [joˈhɑnəsbʏrx]) forbye kent as Jozi, Jo'burg or eGoli, is the lairgest ceety in Sooth Africae. Johannesburg is the provincial caipital o Gauteng, the weelthiest province in Sooth Africae, haein the lairgest economy o ony metropolitan region in Sub-Saharan Africae. The ceety is ane o the 40 lairgest metropolitan auries in the warld,[7] an is the warld's lairgest ceety that isna situatit on a river, loch, or coastline.[8]

While Johannesburg isnae offeecially ane o Sooth Africae's three caipital ceeties, it does hoose the Constitutional Court Sooth Africae's heichest court. The ceety is the source o a lairge-scale gowd an diamond trade, due tae its location on the mineral-rich Witwatersrand range o braes. Johannesburg is served bi O.R. Tambo Internaitional Airport, the lairgest an busiest airport in Africae an a gateway for internaitional air travel tae an frae the rest o soothren Africae. Mair recently, Lanseria Internaitional Airport haes stairtit internaitional flichts an is situatit conveniently on the conter side o the metropolis.

Accordin tae the 2007 Community Survey, the population o the municipal ceety wis 3,888,180 an the population o the Greater Johannesburg Metropolitan Area wis 7,151,447. A braider definition o the Johannesburg metropolitan aurie, includin Ekhuruleni, the Wast Rand, Soweto an Lenasia, haes a population o 10,267,700. The municipal ceety's land aurie o 1,645 km2 (635 sq mi) is vera lairge whan compared tae ither ceeties, resultin in a moderate population density o 2,364 /km2 (6,120 /sq mi).

Johannesburg includes Soweto, that wis a separate ceety frae the late 1970s til the 1990s. Oreeginally an acronym for "SOuth-WEstern TOwnships", Soweto oreeginatit as a collection o settlements outby fae Johannesburg populatit maistly bi native African wirkers in the gowd minin industry. Eventually incorporatit intae Johannesburg, the apartheid regime (in pouer 1949–1994) separatit Soweto frae the rest o Johannesburg for tae mak it a complete Black aurie. Lenasie is nou pairt o Johannesburg an aw an is an aurie predominantly populatit bi those o Indian ethnicity syne the apartheid era.

Gauteng is grawin rapidly due tae mass urbanisation that is a feature o mony developin kintras. Accordin tae the State o the Ceeties Report, the urban portion o Gauteng comprisin primarily the ceeties o Johannesburg, Ekurhuleni (the East Rand) an Tshwane (greater Pretoria) will be a polycentric urban region wi a projectit population o some 14.6 million fowk bi 2015.

Other Languages
Afrikaans: Johannesburg
አማርኛ: ጆሃንስበርግ
العربية: جوهانسبرغ
asturianu: Johannesburgu
azərbaycanca: Yohannesburq
беларуская: Яганэсбург
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Яганэсбург
български: Йоханесбург
brezhoneg: Johannesburg
bosanski: Johannesburg
català: Johannesburg
нохчийн: Йоханнесбург
čeština: Johannesburg
Чӑвашла: Йоханнесбург
Cymraeg: Johannesburg
Deutsch: Johannesburg
English: Johannesburg
Esperanto: Johanesburgo
español: Johannesburgo
euskara: Johannesburgo
føroyskt: Johannesburg
français: Johannesbourg
Gaeilge: Johannesburg
Gàidhlig: Johannesburg
galego: Xohanesburgo
客家語/Hak-kâ-ngî: Johannesburg
עברית: יוהנסבורג
Fiji Hindi: Johannesburg
hrvatski: Johannesburg
magyar: Johannesburg
Bahasa Indonesia: Johannesburg
Interlingue: Johannesburg
íslenska: Jóhannesarborg
italiano: Johannesburg
Basa Jawa: Johannesburg
Kabɩyɛ: Yowanɛsɩbuuri
қазақша: Йоханнесбург
Кыргызча: Йоханнесбург
Lëtzebuergesch: Johannesbuerg
lingála: Johannesburg
lietuvių: Johanesburgas
latviešu: Johannesburga
Malagasy: Johannesburg
олык марий: Йоханнесбург
македонски: Јоханесбург
Bahasa Melayu: Johannesburg
مازِرونی: ژوهانسبورگ
नेपाल भाषा: जोहन्नेस्बर्ग
Nederlands: Johannesburg
norsk nynorsk: Johannesburg
Novial: Johannesburg
Sesotho sa Leboa: Johannesburg
Chi-Chewa: Johannesburg
occitan: Johannesburg
ਪੰਜਾਬੀ: ਜੋਹਾਨਿਸਬਰਗ
Kapampangan: Johannesburg
Deitsch: Johannesburg
polski: Johannesburg
پنجابی: یوہانس برگ
português: Joanesburgo
română: Johannesburg
русский: Йоханнесбург
саха тыла: Йоханнесбург
sicilianu: Johannesburg
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Johannesburg
Simple English: Johannesburg
slovenčina: Johannesburg
slovenščina: Johannesburg
chiShona: Johannesburg
Soomaaliga: Johannesburg
српски / srpski: Јоханезбург
SiSwati: IJohannesburg
svenska: Johannesburg
Kiswahili: Johannesburg
ślůnski: Johannesburg
Tagalog: Johannesburg
Setswana: Johannesburg
Türkçe: Johannesburg
Xitsonga: Joni
татарча/tatarça: Yohannesburg
ئۇيغۇرچە / Uyghurche: Yohannésburg
українська: Йоганнесбург
oʻzbekcha/ўзбекча: Yoxannesburg
Tshivenda: Johannesburg
vepsän kel’: Johannesburg
Tiếng Việt: Johannesburg
Volapük: Johannesburg
Winaray: Johannesburg
isiXhosa: EGoli
Yorùbá: Johannesburg
Bân-lâm-gú: Johannesburg
isiZulu: IGoli