Japan
English: Japan

Japan
  • 日本国
  • Nippon-koku
  • Nihon-koku
Anthem: 

Govrenment Seal o Japan
  • Seal o the Office o the Prime Meenister an the Govrenment o Japan
  • 五七桐 (Go-Shichi no Kiri)
Location o Japan
CaipitalTokyo
35°41′N 139°46′E / 35°41′N 139°46′E / 35.683; 139.767
Offeecial leidsNone[1]
Recognised regional languages
  • Aynu itak
  • Ryukyuan leids
  • Eastren Japanese
  • Wastren Japanese
  • several ither Japanese dialects
Naitional leidJapanese
Ethnic groups (2011[2])
  • 98.5% Japanese
  • 0.5% Korean
  • 0.4% Cheenese
  • 0.6% ither
DemonymJapanese
GovrenmentUnitary parliamentary constitutional monarchy
• Emperor
Naruhito
• Prime Meenister
Shinzō Abe
LegislaturNaitional Diet
• Upper house
Hoose o Cooncillors
• Lower house
Hoose o Representatives
Formation
• Naitional Foundation Day
11 Februar 660 BC[3]
• Meiji Constitution
November 29, 1890
• Current constitution
Mey 3, 1947
• Peace Treaty
Aprile 28, 1952
Aurie
• Total
377,944 km2 (145,925 sq mi)[4] (62nt)
• Water (%)
0.8
Population
• 2017 estimate
126,659,683[5] (12t)
• 2010 census
126,143,121[6]
• Density
337.1/km2 (873.1/sq mi) (36t)
GDP (PPP)2013 estimate
• Total
$4.729 trillion[7] (4t)
• Per capita
$37,135[7] (21st)
GDP (nominal)2013 estimate
• Tot
$5.007 trillion[8] (3rd)
• Per capita
$39,321[9] (23rd)
Gini (2008)37.6[10]
medium · 76t
HDI (2013)Increase 0.912[11]
verra heich · 10th
CurrencyYen (¥) / En (JPY)
Time zoneUTC+9 (JST)
• Summer (DST)
UTC+9 (nae observed)
Date format
  • yyyy-mm-dd
  • yyyy年m月d日
  • Era yy年m月d日 (CE−1988)
Drivin sideleft
Cawin code+81
ISO 3166 codeJP
Internet TLD.jp

Japan (Japanese: 日本 Nippon [nip̚põ̞ɴ] or Nihon [nihõ̞ɴ]; formally 日本国 About this sound Nippon-koku or Nihon-koku, meanin "State o Japan") is a sovereign island naition in Eastren Asie. Locatit in the Paceefic Ocean, it lies off the eastren coast o the Asie Mainland (east o Cheenae, Korea, Roushie) an stretches frae the Sea o Okhotsk in the north tae the East Cheenae Sea an Taiwan in the soothwast.

The kanji that mak up Japan's name mean "sun origin". 日 can be read as ni an means sun while 本 can be read as hon, or pon an means origin. Japan is eften referred tae bi the famous epithet "Laund o the Risin Sun" in reference tae its Japanese name.

Japan is a stratovolcanic airchipelago conseestin o aboot 6,852 islands. The fower lairgest are Honshu, Hokkaido, Kyushu an Shikoku, which mak up aboot ninety-seiven percent o Japan's laund aurie an eften are referred tae as hame islands. The kintra is dividit intae 47 prefecturs in aicht regions. Hokkaido bein the northrenmost prefectur an Okinawa bein the soothernmaist ane. The population o 127 million is the warld's tent lairgest. Japanese fowk mak up 98.5% o Japan's tot population. Approximately 9.1 million fowk live in the core ceety o Tokyo,[12] the caipital o Japan.

Airchaeological resairch indicates that Japan wis inhaibitit as early as the Upper Paleolithic period. The first written mention o Japan is in Cheenese history texts frae the 1st century AD. Influence frae ither regions, mainly Cheenae, follaed bi periods o isolation, pairteecularly frae Wastren Europe, haes chairacterised Japan's history. Frae the 12t century till 1868, Japan wis ruled bi successive feudal militar shoguns wha ruled in the name o the Emperor.

Japan entered intae a lang period o isolation in the early 17t century, which wis endit in 1853 when a Unitit States fleet pressured Japan tae open tae the Wast. Efter nearly twa decades o internal conflict an insurrection, the Imperial Coort regained its poleetical pouer in 1868 throu the help o several clans frae Chōshū an Satsuma, an the Empire o Japan wis established. In the late 19t an early 20t centuries, victories in the First Sino-Japanese War, the Russo-Japanese War an Warld War I allaed Japan tae expand its empire during a period o increasin militarism.

The Seicont Sino-Japanese War o 1937 expandit intae pairt o World War II in 1941, which came tae an end in 1945 follaein the atomic bombins o Hiroshima an Nagasaki an the Japanese surrender. Syne adoptin its revised constitution on Mey 3, 1947 during the occupation bi the SCAP, Japan haes maintained a unitar pairlamentary constitutional monarchy wi an Emperor an an electit legislatur cried the Naitional Diet.

Japan is a member o the UN, the OECD, the G7, the G8, an the G20 an is conseedert a great pouer.[13][14][15] The kintra haes the warld's third-lairgest economy bi nominal GDP an the warld's foerrth-lairgest economy bi purchasin pouer parity. It is an aa the waarld's fowert-lairgest exporter an fowert-lairgest importer. The kintra benefits frae a heichly skilled wirkforce an is amang the maist heichly eddicatit kintras in the warld, wi ane o the heichest percentages o its ceetizens hauldin a tertiary eddication degree.[16]

Awtho Japan haes offeecially renoonced its richt tae declare war, it mainteens a modren militar wi the warld's aicht-lairgest militar budget,[17] uised for sel-defence an peacekeepin roles. Japan is a developit kintra wi a very heich staundart o livin an Human Development Index. Its population enjoys the heichest life expectancy an the third lawest infant mortality rate in the warld.[18][19]

  • references

References

  1. "法制執務コラム集「法律と国語・日本語」" (in Japanese). Legislative Bureau of the House of Councillors. Retrieved January 19, 2009. 
  2. "World Factbook: Japan". CIA. Retrieved January 15, 2011. 
  3. Accordin tae legend, Japan wis foondit on this date bi Emperor Jimmu, the kintra's first emperor.
  4. "Japan Statistical Yearbook 2010" (PDF). Statistics Bureau. p. 17. Retrieved January 15, 2011. 
  5. "Japanese population decreases for third year in a row". Retrieved August 9, 2012. 
  6. "Population Count based on the 2010 Census Released" (PDF). Statistics Bureau of Japan. Retrieved October 26, 2011. 
  7. 7.0 7.1 "Japan". International Monetary Fund. Retrieved October 27, 2013. 
  8. "Report for Selected Countries and Subjects". International Monetary Fund. Retrieved January 2, 2014. 
  9. "World Economic Outlook Database-October 2013". International Monetary Fund. Retrieved January 2, 2014. 
  10. "World Factbook: Gini Index". CIA. Retrieved May 11, 2011. 
  11. "Human Development Report 2013" (PDF). UN. 2013. Retrieved March 14, 2013. 
  12. "「東京都の人口(推計)」の概要(平成26年2月1日現在) (2014)". Tokyo Metropolitan Government (JPN). Retrieved March 20, 2014. 
  13. "The Seven Great Powers". American-Interest. Retrieved July 1, 2015. 
  14. T. V. Paul; James J. Wirtz; Michel Fortmann (2005). "Great+power" Balance of Power. United States of America: State University of New York Press, 2005. pp. 59, 282. ISBN 0-7914-6401-6.  Accordingly, the great powers after the Cold War are Britain, China, France, Germany, Japan, Russia, and the United States p.59
  15. Baron, Joshua (January 22, 2014). Great Power Peace and American Primacy: The Origins and Future of a New International Order. United States: Palgrave Macmillan. ISBN 1-137-29948-7. 
  16. "OECD.Stat Education and Training > Education at a Glance > Educational attainment and labor-force status > Educational attainment of 25–64 year-olds". OECD. 
  17. "SIPRI Yearbook 2012–15 countries with the highest military expenditure in 2011". Sipri.org. Retrieved April 27, 2013. 
  18. "WHO Life expectancy". World Health Organization. June 1, 2013. Retrieved June 1, 2013. 
  19. "Table A.17" (PDF). United Nations World Population Prospects, 2006 revision. UN. Retrieved January 15, 2011. 


Other Languages
Аҧсшәа: Иапониа
Acèh: Jeupun
адыгабзэ: Японие
Afrikaans: Japan
Akan: Japan
Alemannisch: Japan
አማርኛ: ጃፓን
aragonés: Chapón
Ænglisc: Iapan
العربية: اليابان
ܐܪܡܝܐ: ܝܦܢ
مصرى: اليابان
অসমীয়া: জাপান
asturianu: Xapón
авар: Япония
Aymar aru: Nihun
azərbaycanca: Yaponiya
تۆرکجه: ژاپون
башҡортса: Япония
Boarisch: Japan
žemaitėška: Japuonėjė
Bikol Central: Hapon
беларуская: Японія
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Японія
български: Япония
भोजपुरी: जापान
Bislama: Japan
Bahasa Banjar: Japang
bamanankan: Japan
বাংলা: জাপান
བོད་ཡིག: ཉི་ཧོང་།
বিষ্ণুপ্রিয়া মণিপুরী: জাপান
brezhoneg: Japan
bosanski: Japan
ᨅᨔ ᨕᨘᨁᨗ: ᨍᨛᨄ
буряад: Япон Улас
català: Japó
Chavacano de Zamboanga: Japón
Mìng-dĕ̤ng-ngṳ̄: Nĭk-buōng
нохчийн: Япон
Cebuano: Hapon
Chamoru: Chapan
ᏣᎳᎩ: ᏣᏩᏂᏏ
Tsetsêhestâhese: Japan
کوردی: ژاپۆن
corsu: Giapponu
qırımtatarca: Yaponiya
čeština: Japonsko
kaszëbsczi: Japòńskô
словѣньскъ / ⰔⰎⰑⰂⰡⰐⰠⰔⰍⰟ: Ꙗпѡнїꙗ
Чӑвашла: Япони
Cymraeg: Japan
dansk: Japan
Deutsch: Japan
Thuɔŋjäŋ: Japan
Zazaki: Japonya
dolnoserbski: Japańska
डोटेली: जापान
ދިވެހިބަސް: ޖަޕާނު
ཇོང་ཁ: ཇ་པཱན
eʋegbe: Japan
Ελληνικά: Ιαπωνία
emiliàn e rumagnòl: Giapòṅ
English: Japan
Esperanto: Japanio
español: Japón
eesti: Jaapan
euskara: Japonia
estremeñu: Japón
فارسی: ژاپن
Fulfulde: Japan
suomi: Japani
Võro: Jaapan
Na Vosa Vakaviti: Japani
føroyskt: Japan
français: Japon
arpetan: J·apon
Nordfriisk: Jaapan
furlan: Gjapon
Frysk: Japan
Gaeilge: An tSeapáin
Gagauz: Yaponiya
贛語: 日本
Gàidhlig: An Iapan
galego: Xapón
گیلکی: ژاپؤن
Avañe'ẽ: Hapõ
गोंयची कोंकणी / Gõychi Konknni: जपान
Bahasa Hulontalo: Japangi
𐌲𐌿𐍄𐌹𐍃𐌺: 𐌾𐌰𐍀𐌰𐌽
ગુજરાતી: જાપાન
Hausa: Japan
客家語/Hak-kâ-ngî: Ngi̍t-pún
Hawaiʻi: Iāpana
עברית: יפן
हिन्दी: जापान
Fiji Hindi: Japan
hrvatski: Japan
hornjoserbsce: Japanska
Kreyòl ayisyen: Japon
magyar: Japán
հայերեն: Ճապոնիա
Արեւմտահայերէն: Ճափոն
interlingua: Japon
Bahasa Indonesia: Jepang
Interlingue: Japan
Igbo: Japan
Iñupiak: Japan
Ilokano: Hapon
ГӀалгӀай: Япони
Ido: Japonia
íslenska: Japan
italiano: Giappone
ᐃᓄᒃᑎᑐᑦ/inuktitut: ᓃᑉᐊᓐ
日本語: 日本
Patois: Japan
la .lojban.: pongu'e
Jawa: Jepang
ქართული: იაპონია
Qaraqalpaqsha: Yaponiya
Taqbaylit: Yapan
Адыгэбзэ: Япон
Kabɩyɛ: Sapɔŋ
Kongo: Japan
Gĩkũyũ: Japan
қазақша: Жапония
kalaallisut: Japani
ភាសាខ្មែរ: ជប៉ុន
ಕನ್ನಡ: ಜಪಾನ್
한국어: 일본
Перем Коми: Ниппон
къарачай-малкъар: Япония
Ripoarisch: Japan
kurdî: Japon
коми: Япония
kernowek: Nihon
Кыргызча: Япония
Latina: Iaponia
Ladino: Japon
Lëtzebuergesch: Japan
лезги: Япония
Lingua Franca Nova: Nion
Luganda: Japan
Limburgs: Japan
Ligure: Giappon
lumbaart: Giapun
lingála: Zapɔ́
لۊری شومالی: جاپون
lietuvių: Japonija
latgaļu: Japoneja
latviešu: Japāna
मैथिली: जापान
Basa Banyumasan: Jepang
мокшень: Японмастор
Malagasy: Japana
олык марий: Японий
Māori: Nipono
Minangkabau: Japang
македонски: Јапонија
മലയാളം: ജപ്പാൻ
монгол: Япон
मराठी: जपान
кырык мары: Япони
Bahasa Melayu: Jepun
Malti: Ġappun
Mirandés: Japon
မြန်မာဘာသာ: ဂျပန်နိုင်ငံ
مازِرونی: جاپون
Dorerin Naoero: Djapan
Nāhuatl: Xapon
Napulitano: Giappone
Plattdüütsch: Japan
Nedersaksies: Japan
नेपाली: जापान
नेपाल भाषा: जापान
Nederlands: Japan
norsk nynorsk: Japan
norsk: Japan
Novial: Japan
Nouormand: Japon
Sesotho sa Leboa: Japane
Chi-Chewa: Japan
occitan: Japon
Livvinkarjala: Japounii
Oromoo: Jaappaan
ଓଡ଼ିଆ: ଜାପାନ
Ирон: Япон
ਪੰਜਾਬੀ: ਜਪਾਨ
Pangasinan: Hapon
Kapampangan: Hapon
Papiamentu: Hapon
Picard: Japon
Deitsch: Japan
Pälzisch: Japan
पालि: जापान
Norfuk / Pitkern: Japan
polski: Japonia
Piemontèis: Giapon
پنجابی: جپان
Ποντιακά: Ιαπωνία
پښتو: جاپان
português: Japão
Runa Simi: Nihun
rumantsch: Giapun
romani čhib: Japan
Kirundi: Yapon
română: Japonia
armãneashti: Japonia
tarandíne: Giappone
русский: Япония
русиньскый: Японія
Kinyarwanda: Ubuyapani
संस्कृतम्: जपान्
саха тыла: Дьоппуон
ᱥᱟᱱᱛᱟᱲᱤ: ᱡᱟᱯᱟᱱ
sardu: Giappone
sicilianu: Giappuni
سنڌي: جاپان
davvisámegiella: Jáhpan
Sängö: Zapöo
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Japan
ၽႃႇသႃႇတႆး : မိူင်းၵျပၢၼ်ႇ
සිංහල: ජපානය
Simple English: Japan
slovenčina: Japonsko
slovenščina: Japonska
Gagana Samoa: Iapani
chiShona: Japan
Soomaaliga: Jabaan
shqip: Japonia
српски / srpski: Јапан
Sranantongo: Japan
SiSwati: IJaphani
Sesotho: Japane
Seeltersk: Japan
Basa Sunda: Jepang
svenska: Japan
Kiswahili: Japani
ślůnski: Japůńijo
தமிழ்: யப்பான்
ತುಳು: ಜಪಾನ್
తెలుగు: జపాన్
tetun: Japaun
тоҷикӣ: Ҷопон
ትግርኛ: ጃፓን
Türkmençe: Ýaponiýa
Tagalog: Hapon
Setswana: Japan
lea faka-Tonga: Siapani
Tok Pisin: Siapan
Türkçe: Japonya
Xitsonga: Japani
татарча/tatarça: Япония
chiTumbuka: Japan
Twi: Yapan
reo tahiti: Tāpōnē
тыва дыл: Япония
удмурт: Япония
ئۇيغۇرچە / Uyghurche: ياپونىيە
українська: Японія
اردو: جاپان
oʻzbekcha/ўзбекча: Yaponiya
Tshivenda: Japan
vèneto: Giapòn
vepsän kel’: Japonii
Tiếng Việt: Nhật Bản
West-Vlams: Japan
Volapük: Yapän
Winaray: Hapon
Wolof: Sapoŋ
吴语: 日本
isiXhosa: IJapani
მარგალური: იაპონია
ייִדיש: יאפאן
Yorùbá: Japan
Vahcuengh: Nditbonj
Zeêuws: Japan
中文: 日本
文言: 日本
Bân-lâm-gú: Ji̍t-pún
粵語: 日本
isiZulu: IJaphani