Fraunce

French Republic
République française  (French)
Naitional emblem o Fraunce
Naitional emblem
Motto: "Liberté, égalité, fraternité"
"Liberty, Equality, Fraternity"
Anthem: "La Marseillaise"
Territory o the French Republic (reid)Claimed territory (Adélie Laund; hatched)
Territory o the French Republic (reid)
Claimed territory (Adélie Laund; hatched)
Location o  metropolitan Fraunce  (dark green)– on the European continent  (green & dark grey)– in the European Union  (green)
Location o  metropolitan Fraunce  (dark green)

– on the European continent  (green & dark grey)
– in the European Union  (green)

Caipital
an lairgest ceety
Paris
48°51.4′N 2°21.05′E / 48°51.4′N 2°21.05′E / 48.8567; 2.35083
Offeecial leid
an naitional leid
French[upper-roman 1]
Ethnic groups
  • 89.4% French
  • 4.4% French (bi acquiseetion)
  • 6.2% Foreigners
  • 8.9% Immigrants[1]
Releegion
DemonymFrench
GovrenmentUnitary semi‑presidential republic
• Preses
Emmanuel Macron
• Prime Meenister
Édouard Philippe
• Preses o the Senate
Gérard Larcher
• Preses o the Naitional Assembly
François de Rugy
LegislaturPairlament
• Upper hoose
Senate
• Lawer hoose
Naitional Assembly
Establishment
• Francia unified
486
August 843
• Republic established
22 September 1792
• Founded the EEC[upper-roman 3]
1 Januar 1958
• Current constitution[upper-roman 4]
4 October 1958
Aurie
• Tot
643,801 km2 (248,573 sq mi)[upper-roman 5][3] (41st)
551,695 km2[upper-roman 6] (50t)
213,010 sq mi
• Metropolitan Fraunce (Cadastre)
543,940.9 km2[upper-roman 7][4] (50t)
210,026 sq mi
Population
• Tot 2017​ estimate
66,991,000[5] (20t)
• Metropolitan Fraunce Januar 2017 estimate
64,859,000[5] (22nt)
• Density
116/km2 (300.4/sq mi)[upper-roman 8] (89t)
GDP (PPP)2015 estimate
• Total
$2.647 trillion (10t)
• Per capita
$41,181[6] (24t)
GDP (nominal)2015 estimate
• Total
$2.422 trillion (6t)
• Per capita
$37,675[6] (20t)
Gini (2013)30.1[7]
medium
HDI (2015)Increase 0.897[8]
verra heich · 21st
Siller
Time zoneCET[upper-roman 11] (UTC+1)
• Summer (DST)
CEST[upper-roman 12] (UTC+2)
Date formatdd/mm/yyyy
Drives on theright
Cawin code+33[upper-roman 13]
Internet TLD.fr[upper-roman 14]

Fraunce (France French: [fʁɑ̃s]), offeecially the French Republic (République française [ʁepyblik fʁɑ̃sɛz]), is a kintra wi territory in wastren Europe an several owerseas regions an territories.[upper-roman 15] The European, or metropolitan, aurie o Fraunce extends frae the Mediterranean Sea tae the Inglis Channel an the North Sea, an frae the Rhine tae the Atlantic Ocean. Owerseas Fraunce include French Guiana on the Sooth American continent an several island territories in the Atlantic, Pacific an Indie oceans. Fraunce spans 643,801 square kilometres (248,573 sq mi)[3] an haed a tot population o awmaist 67 million fowk as o Januar 2017. It is a unitary semi-presidential republic wi the caipital in Paris, the kintra's lairgest ceety an main cultural an commercial centre. Ither major urban centres include Marseille[upper-roman 16], Lyon, Lille, Nice, Toulouse an Bordeaux.

In the Airn Age, whit is nou metropolitan Fraunce wis inhaibitit bi the Gauls, a Celtic fowk. The aurie wis annexed in 51 BC bi Roum, which held Gaul till 486, when the Germanic Franks conquered the region an formed the Kinrick o Fraunce. Fraunce emerged as a major European pouer in the Late Middle Ages, wi its victory in the Hunder Years' War (1337 tae 1453) strenthenin state-biggin an poleetical centralisation. During the Renaissance, French cultur flourished and a global colonial empire wis established, which bi the 20t century wad be the seicont lairgest in the warld.[9] The 16t century wis dominatit bi releegious ceevil wars atween Catholics an Protestants (Huguenots). Fraunce acame Europe's dominant cultural, poleetical, an militar power unner Louis XIV.[10] In the late 18t century, the French Revolution owerthrew the absolute monarchy, established ane o modren history's earliest republics, an saw the draftin o the Declaration o the Richts o Man an o the Ceetizen, which expresses the naition's ideals tae this day.

In the 19t century Napoleon teuk pouer an established the First French Empire, whase subsequent Napoleonic Wars shaped the coorse o continental Europe. Follaein the collapse o the Empire, Fraunce endured a tumultuous succession o govrenments culminatin wi the establishment o the French Third Republic in 1870. Fraunce wis a major pairteecipant in the First Warld War, frae which it emerged victorious, an wis ane o the Allied Pouers in the Seicont Warld War, but came unner occupation bi the Axis Pouers in 1940. Follaein leeberation in 1944, a Fowert Republic wis established an later dissolved in the coorse o the Algerian War. The Fift Republic, led bi Charles de Gaulle, wis formed in 1958 an remeens tae this day. Algerie an nearly aw the ither colonies acame independent in the 1960s wi minimal controversy an teepically reteened close economic an militar connections wi Fraunce.

Fraunce haes lang been a global centre o airt, science, an filosofie. It hosts Europe's fowerth-lairgest nummer o cultural UNESCO Warld Heritage Steids an receives aroond 83 million foreign tourists annually, the maist o ony kintra in the warld.[11] Fraunce is a developed kintra wi the warld's saxt-lairgest economy bi nominal GDP[12] an nint-lairgest bi purchasin pouer parity.[13] In terms o aggregate hoosehauld wealth, it ranks fowert in the warld.[14] Fraunce performs well in internaitional rankins o eddication, heal care, life expectancy, an human development.[15][16] Fraunce remeens a great pouer in the warld,[17] bein ane o the five permanent members o the Unitit Naitions Security Cooncil wi the pouer tae veto an an offeecial nuclear-wappen state. It's a leadin member state o the European Union an the Eurozone.[18] It is an aa a member o the Group o 7, North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO), Organisation for Economic Co-operation an Development (OECD), the Warld Tred Organisation (WTO), an La Francophonie.

Other Languages
Аҧсшәа: Франциа
Acèh: Peurancih
адыгабзэ: Францие
Afrikaans: Frankryk
Akan: France
Alemannisch: Frankreich
አማርኛ: ፈረንሣይ
aragonés: Francia
Ænglisc: Francland
العربية: فرنسا
ܐܪܡܝܐ: ܦܪܢܣܐ
مصرى: فرنسا
অসমীয়া: ফ্ৰান্স
asturianu: Francia
авар: Паранс
Aymar aru: Phransiya
azərbaycanca: Fransa
تۆرکجه: فرانسه
башҡортса: Франция
Boarisch: Frankreich
žemaitėška: Prancūzėjė
Bikol Central: Pransya
беларуская: Францыя
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Францыя
български: Франция
भोजपुरी: फ्रांस
Bislama: Franis
Bahasa Banjar: Parancis
bamanankan: Faransi
বাংলা: ফ্রান্স
བོད་ཡིག: ཧྥ་རན་སི།
বিষ্ণুপ্রিয়া মণিপুরী: ফ্রান্স
brezhoneg: Bro-C'hall
bosanski: Francuska
ᨅᨔ ᨕᨘᨁᨗ: Perancis
буряад: Франци
català: França
Chavacano de Zamboanga: Francia
Mìng-dĕ̤ng-ngṳ̄: Huák-guók
нохчийн: Франци
Cebuano: Pransiya
Chamoru: Francia
ᏣᎳᎩ: ᎦᎸᏥᏱ
Tsetsêhestâhese: France
کوردی: فەڕەنسا
corsu: Francia
qırımtatarca: Frenkistan
čeština: Francie
kaszëbsczi: Francëjô
словѣньскъ / ⰔⰎⰑⰂⰡⰐⰠⰔⰍⰟ: Франкїꙗ
Чӑвашла: Франци
Cymraeg: Ffrainc
dansk: Frankrig
Deutsch: Frankreich
Zazaki: Fransa
dolnoserbski: Francojska
डोटेली: फ्रान्स
ދިވެހިބަސް: ފަރަންސޭސިވިލާތް
ཇོང་ཁ: ཕརཱནསི་
eʋegbe: France
Ελληνικά: Γαλλία
emiliàn e rumagnòl: Franza
English: France
Esperanto: Francio
español: Francia
euskara: Frantzia
estremeñu: Francia
فارسی: فرانسه
Fulfulde: Faransi
suomi: Ranska
føroyskt: Frakland
français: France
arpetan: France
Nordfriisk: Frånkrik
furlan: France
Frysk: Frankryk
Gaeilge: An Fhrainc
Gagauz: Franțiya
贛語: 法國
Gàidhlig: An Fhraing
galego: Francia
Avañe'ẽ: Hyãsia
गोंयची कोंकणी / Gõychi Konknni: फ्रांस
ગુજરાતી: ફ્રાન્સ
Gaelg: Yn Rank
Hausa: Faransa
客家語/Hak-kâ-ngî: Fap-koet
Hawaiʻi: Palani
עברית: צרפת
हिन्दी: फ़्रान्स
Fiji Hindi: France
hrvatski: Francuska
hornjoserbsce: Francoska
Kreyòl ayisyen: Frans
Հայերեն: Ֆրանսիա
interlingua: Francia
Bahasa Indonesia: Perancis
Interlingue: Francia
Igbo: France
Ilokano: Pransia
ГӀалгӀай: Франци
Ido: Francia
íslenska: Frakkland
italiano: Francia
日本語: フランス
Patois: Frans
la .lojban.: fasygu'e
Basa Jawa: Prancis
ქართული: საფრანგეთი
Qaraqalpaqsha: Franciya
Taqbaylit: Fransa
Адыгэбзэ: Фрэндж
Kabɩyɛ: Fransɩɩ
Kongo: Fwalansa
Gĩkũyũ: Baranja
қазақша: Франция
kalaallisut: Franskit Nunaat
ភាសាខ្មែរ: បារាំង
ಕನ್ನಡ: ಫ್ರಾನ್ಸ್
한국어: 프랑스
Перем Коми: Франс
къарачай-малкъар: Франция
Ripoarisch: Frankreich
kurdî: Fransa
коми: Франция
kernowek: Pow Frynk
Кыргызча: Франция
Latina: Francia
Ladino: Fransia
Lëtzebuergesch: Frankräich
лезги: Франция
Lingua Franca Nova: Frans
Luganda: Bufalansa
Limburgs: Frankriek
Ligure: Fransa
lumbaart: Frància
lingála: Falansia
لۊری شومالی: فرانسأ
lietuvių: Prancūzija
latgaļu: Praņceja
latviešu: Francija
मैथिली: फ्रान्स
мокшень: Кранцмастор
Malagasy: Frantsa
олык марий: Франций
Māori: Wīwī
Baso Minangkabau: Parancih
македонски: Франција
മലയാളം: ഫ്രാൻസ്
монгол: Франц
मराठी: फ्रान्स
Bahasa Melayu: Perancis
Malti: Franza
Mirandés: Fráncia
မြန်မာဘာသာ: ပြင်သစ်နိုင်ငံ
مازِرونی: فرانسه
Dorerin Naoero: Prant
Nāhuatl: Francia
Napulitano: Franza
Plattdüütsch: Frankriek
Nedersaksies: Frankriek
नेपाली: फ्रान्स
नेपाल भाषा: फ्रान्स
Nederlands: Frankrijk
norsk nynorsk: Frankrike
norsk: Frankrike
Novial: Fransia
Nouormand: France
Sesotho sa Leboa: Fora
Chi-Chewa: France
occitan: França
Livvinkarjala: Frantsii
Oromoo: Firaansi
ଓଡ଼ିଆ: ଫ୍ରାନ୍ସ
Ирон: Франц
ਪੰਜਾਬੀ: ਫ਼ਰਾਂਸ
Pangasinan: Fransia
Kapampangan: Pransiya
Papiamentu: Fransia
Picard: Franche
Deitsch: Frankreich
Pälzisch: Frankreich
पालि: फ्रांस
Norfuk / Pitkern: France
polski: Francja
Piemontèis: Fransa
پنجابی: فرانس
Ποντιακά: Γαλλία
پښتو: فرانس
português: França
Runa Simi: Ransiya
rumantsch: Frantscha
Romani: Franchiya
Kirundi: Ubufaransa
română: Franța
armãneashti: Frânție
tarandíne: Frange
русский: Франция
русиньскый: Франція
Kinyarwanda: Ubufaransa
संस्कृतम्: फ्रान्सदेशः
саха тыла: Франция
sardu: Frantza
sicilianu: Francia
سنڌي: فرانس
davvisámegiella: Frankriika
Sängö: Farânzi
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Francuska
සිංහල: ප්‍රංශය
Simple English: France
slovenčina: Francúzsko
slovenščina: Francija
Gagana Samoa: Farani
chiShona: France
Soomaaliga: Faransiiska
shqip: Franca
српски / srpski: Француска
Sranantongo: Franskondre
SiSwati: IFulansi
Sesotho: Fora
Seeltersk: Frankriek
Basa Sunda: Perancis
svenska: Frankrike
Kiswahili: Ufaransa
ślůnski: Francyjŏ
தமிழ்: பிரான்சு
తెలుగు: ఫ్రాన్సు
tetun: Fransa
тоҷикӣ: Фаронса
ትግርኛ: ፈረንሳይ
Türkmençe: Fransiýa
Tagalog: Pransiya
Setswana: Fora
Tok Pisin: Frens
Türkçe: Fransa
Xitsonga: Furhwa
татарча/tatarça: Франция
chiTumbuka: France
Twi: France
reo tahiti: Farāni
тыва дыл: Франция
удмурт: Франция
ئۇيغۇرچە / Uyghurche: فرانسىيە
українська: Франція
اردو: فرانس
oʻzbekcha/ўзбекча: Fransiya
vèneto: Fransa
vepsän kel’: Francii
Tiếng Việt: Pháp
West-Vlams: Vrankryk
Volapük: Fransän
walon: France
Winaray: Fransya
Wolof: Faraas
吴语: 法国
მარგალური: საფრანგეთი
ייִדיש: פראנקרייך
Yorùbá: Fránsì
Vahcuengh: Fazgoz
Zeêuws: Frankriek
中文: 法国
文言: 法國
Bân-lâm-gú: Hoat-kok
粵語: 法國
isiZulu: IFulansi