Fish

Fish
Giant grouper soummin amang schuils o ither fish
Giant grouper soummin amang schuils o ither fish
Heid-on view o a reid lionfish
Heid-on view o a reid lionfish
Scientific classification
Kingdom:Animalia
Phylum:Chordata
(unranked)Craniata
Included groups
Jawless fish
†Armoured fish
Cartilaginous fish
Ray-finned fish
Lobe-finned fishes
Cladistically included but traditionally excluded groups
Tetrapods

Fish are the gill-beirin aquatic craniate ainimals that lack limms wi deegits. Thay form a sister group tae the tunicates, thegither formin the olfactores. Includit in this defineetion are the leevin hagfish, lampers, an cartilaginous an banie fish as weel as various extinct relatit groups. Tetrapods emerged athin lobe-finned fishes, sae cladistically thay are fish as weel. Houiver, tradeetionally fish are rendered paraphyletic bi excludin the tetrapods (i.e., the amphibians, reptiles, birds an mammals). Acause in this manner the term "fish" is defined negatively as a paraphyletic group, it is nae conseedert a formal taxonomic groupin in seestematic biology. The tradeetional term pisces (an aa ichthyes) is conseedert a teepological, but nae a phylogenetic clessification.

The earliest organisms that can be clessifee'd as fish war saft-bodied chordates that first appeared in the Cambrian period. Awtho thay lacked a true spine, thay possessed notochords that alloued them tae be mair agile nor thair invertebrate coonterpairts. Fish wad conteena tae evolve throu the Paleozoic era, diversifeein intae a wide variety o forms. Mony fish o the Paleozoic developed external airmour that pertectit them frae predators. The first fish wi jaws appeared in the Silurian period, efter that mony (sic as shairks) becam formidable marine predators raither than juist the prey o arthropods.

Maist fish are ectothermic ("cauld-bluidit"), allouin thair bouk temperaturs tae vary as ambient temperaturs cheenge, tho some o the lairge active soummers lik white shark an tuna can hauld a heicher core temperatur.[1][2] Fish are abundant in maist bouks o watter. Thay can be foond in nearly aw aquatic environments, frae heich moontain streams (e.g., Salvelinus an gudgeon) tae the abyssal an even hadal deepths o the deepest oceans (e.g., gulpers an anglerfish). Wi 33,600 descrived species, fish exhibit greater species diversity than ony ither group o vertebrates.[3]

Fish are an important resoorce for humans warldwide, especially as fuid. Commercial an subsistence fishers hunt fish in wild fisheries (see fishin) or ferm them in ponds or in cages in the ocean (see aquacultur). Thay are an aa catcht bi recreautional fishers, kept as pets, raised bi fishkeepers, an exhibitit in public aquaria. Fish hae haed a role in cultur throu the ages, servin as deities, releegious seembols, an as the subjects o airt, beuks an films.

  • references

References

  1. Goldman, K.J. (1997). "Regulation of body temperature in the white shark, Carcharodon carcharias". Journal of Comparative Physiology. B Biochemical Systemic and Environmental Physiology. 167 (6): 423–429. 10.1007/s003600050092. Retrieved 12 October 2011. 
  2. Carey, F.G.; Lawson, K.D. (February 1973). "Temperature regulation in free-swimming bluefin tuna". Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology A. 44 (2): 375–392. 10.1016/0300-9629(73)90490-8. 
  3. "FishBase". FishBase. August 2017. Retrieved 31 August 2017. 
Other Languages
Аҧсшәа: Аҧсыӡ
Acèh: Eungkôt
Afrikaans: Vis
Alemannisch: Fische
አማርኛ: ዓሣ
aragonés: Pisces
Ænglisc: Fisc
العربية: سمك
مصرى: سمك
অসমীয়া: মাছ
asturianu: Pexe
Atikamekw: Names
Aymar aru: Challwa
azərbaycanca: Balıqlar
تۆرکجه: بالیقلار
башҡортса: Балыҡтар
Boarisch: Fiisch
žemaitėška: Žovis
беларуская: Рыбы
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Рыбы
български: Риба
Bislama: Fis
Bahasa Banjar: Iwak
বাংলা: মাছ
བོད་ཡིག: ཉ།
brezhoneg: Pesk
bosanski: Ribe
буряад: Загаһан
català: Peixos
Mìng-dĕ̤ng-ngṳ̄: Ngṳ̀
Cebuano: Isda
ᏣᎳᎩ: ᎠᏣᏗ
کوردی: ماسی
Nēhiyawēwin / ᓀᐦᐃᔭᐍᐏᐣ: ᓇᒣᔅ
qırımtatarca: Balıq
kaszëbsczi: Rëbë
Чӑвашла: Пулă
Cymraeg: Pysgodyn
dansk: Fisk
Deutsch: Fische
Zazaki: Mase
dolnoserbski: Ryby
Ελληνικά: Ψάρι
English: Fish
Esperanto: Fiŝoj
español: Pez
eesti: Kalad
euskara: Arrain
estremeñu: Peci
فارسی: ماهی
suomi: Kala
Võro: Kala
Na Vosa Vakaviti: Ika
føroyskt: Fiskur
français: Poisson
Nordfriisk: Fasker
Frysk: Fisken
Gaeilge: Iasc
贛語:
Gàidhlig: Iasg
galego: Peixes
Avañe'ẽ: Pira
Bahasa Hulontalo: Uponula
ગુજરાતી: માછલી
Gaelg: Eeast
Hausa: Kifi
客家語/Hak-kâ-ngî: Ǹg-è
עברית: דג
हिन्दी: मछली
Fiji Hindi: Machhri
hrvatski: Ribe
hornjoserbsce: Ryby
Kreyòl ayisyen: Pwason
magyar: Halak
հայերեն: Ձկներ
interlingua: Pisce
Bahasa Indonesia: Ikan
Iñupiak: Iqaluk
Ilokano: Ikan
ГӀалгӀай: Чкъаьрий
Ido: Fisho
íslenska: Fiskur
italiano: Pesce
ᐃᓄᒃᑎᑐᑦ/inuktitut: ᐃᖃᓗᒃ
日本語: 魚類
Patois: Fish
la .lojban.: finpe
Basa Jawa: Iwak
ქართული: თევზები
Qaraqalpaqsha: Balıq
Kabɩyɛ: Kpakpayaɣ
қазақша: Балықтар
ಕನ್ನಡ: ಮೀನು
한국어: 물고기
Ripoarisch: Fesch
kurdî: Masî
коми: Чери
kernowek: Pysk
Кыргызча: Балык
Latina: Piscis
Ladino: Pishkados
Lëtzebuergesch: Fësch
лакку: Чавахъ
Lingua Franca Nova: Pex
Limburgs: Vèsse
lumbaart: Pès
lingála: Mbísi
ລາວ: ປາ
lietuvių: Žuvys
latviešu: Zivis
Malagasy: Hazandrano
олык марий: Кол
Baso Minangkabau: Ikan
македонски: Риби
മലയാളം: മത്സ്യം
монгол: Загас
मराठी: मासा
кырык мары: Кол
Bahasa Melayu: Ikan
မြန်မာဘာသာ: ငါး (တိရစ္ဆာန်)
эрзянь: Калт
Dorerin Naoero: Iy
Nāhuatl: Michin
Napulitano: Pisce
Plattdüütsch: Fisch
Nedersaksies: Visk
नेपाली: माछा
नेपाल भाषा: न्या
Nederlands: Vissen (dieren)
norsk nynorsk: Fisk
norsk: Fisk
Nouormand: Paîsson
occitan: Peis
ଓଡ଼ିଆ: ମାଛ
Ирон: Кæсæгтæ
ਪੰਜਾਬੀ: ਮੱਛੀ
Kapampangan: Asan
Picard: Pichon
polski: Ryby
پنجابی: مچھی
português: Peixe
Runa Simi: Challwa
română: Pește
armãneashti: Pescu
русский: Рыбы
русиньскый: Рыбы
संस्कृतम्: मत्स्याः
саха тыла: Балык
ᱥᱟᱱᱛᱟᱲᱤ: ᱦᱟᱹᱠᱩ
sicilianu: Pisci
سنڌي: مڇي
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Riba
සිංහල: මාළු
Simple English: Fish
slovenščina: Ribe
chiShona: Hove
Soomaaliga: Malaay
shqip: Peshqit
српски / srpski: Рибе
Sranantongo: Fisi
Basa Sunda: Lauk
svenska: Fiskar
Kiswahili: Samaki
ślůnski: Ryby
தமிழ்: மீன்
ತುಳು: ಮೀನ್
తెలుగు: చేప
тоҷикӣ: Моҳӣ
ไทย: ปลา
Tagalog: Isda
Türkçe: Balık
татарча/tatarça: Балыклар
удмурт: Чорыг
українська: Риби
اردو: مچھلی
oʻzbekcha/ўзбекча: Baliqlar
vèneto: Pesi
vepsän kel’: Kalad
Tiếng Việt:
West-Vlams: Visschn
Volapük: Fit
walon: Pexhon
Winaray: Isda
吴语:
хальмг: Заһсн
isiXhosa: Intlanzi
მარგალური: ჩხომი
ייִדיש: פיש
Vahcuengh: Duzbya
中文:
文言:
Bân-lâm-gú:
粵語: