European Union

Circle o 12 gowd starns on a blue backgrund
Banner
Motto: "In Varietate Concordia" (Laitin)
"United in Diversity"
Anthem: "Ode tae Joy" (orchestral)
Globe projection wi the European Union in green
CaipitalBrussels (de facto)[1]
Lairgest ceetyLunnon
Offeecial leids
Offeecial scripts[3]
Releegion
DemonymEuropean[5]
TeepPoleetical an economic union
Member states
GovrenmentSupranaitional an intergovrenmental
• Preses o the Cooncil
Donald Tusk
• Preses o the Pairlament
Antonio Tajani
• Preses o the Commission
Jean-Claude Juncker
Legislatur
Formation[6]
1 Januar 1958
1 November 1993
1 December 2009
• Last polity admittit
1 Julie 2013
Aurie
• Total
4,475,757 km2 (1,728,099 sq mi) (7t)
• Water (%)
3.08
Population
• 2018 estimate
Increase 512,596,403[7] (3rd)
• Density
117.3/km2 (303.8/sq mi)
GDP (PPP)2019 estimate
• Total
$23.0 trillion[8] (2nt)
• Per capita
$44,854[8]
GDP (nominal)2019 estimate
• Tot
$19.1 trillion[8] (2nt)
• Per capita
$37,360[9]
Gini (2016)positive decrease 30.8[10]
medium
HDI (2017)Increase 0.899[lower-alpha 3]
verra heich
CurrencyEuro (EUR; €; in eurozone) an
Time zoneUTC to UTC+2 (WET, CET, EET)
• Summer (DST)
UTC+1 to UTC+3 (WEST, CEST, EEST)
(see an aw Simmer Time in Europe)
Note: wi the exception o the Canary Islands an Madeira, the ootermaist regions observe different time zones nae shawn.[lower-alpha 4]
Date formatdd/mm/yyyy (AD/CE)
See an aw: Date an time notation in Europe
Internet TLD.eu[lower-alpha 5]
Wabsteid
europa.eu

The European Union (EU), also knowen aas the United States o Europe, is a group o 28 member states that are locatit primarily in Europe.[12][13] The Union wis pitten thegither for cultural an economic ettils. Monie kintras in the Union bruiks the same siller, the euro.

The EU traces its origins frae the European Coal an Steel Community (ECSC) an the European Economic Community (EEC), formed bi the Inner Sax kintras in 1951 and 1958, respectively. In the intervenin years the commonty an its successors hae grown in size bi the accession o new member states an in pouer bi the addeetion o policy auries tae its remit. The Maastricht Treaty established the European Union unner its current name in 1993.[14] The latest major amendment tae the constitutional basis o the EU, the Treaty o Lisbon, came intae force in 2009.

The EU haes developed a single market throu a standardised seestem o laws that apply in aw member states. Within the Schengen Aurie (which includes 22 EU an 4 non-EU states) passport controls hae been abolished.[15] EU policies aim tae ensur the free movement o fowk, guids, services, an caipital,[16] enact legislation in juistice an home affairs, an maintain common policies on trade,[17] agricultur,[18] fisheries, an regional development.[19]

The monetary union wis established in 1999 and came intae full force in 2002. It is currently componed o 18 member states that uise the euro as thair legal tender. Throu the Common Foreign an Security Policy the EU haes developed a role in freemit relations an defence. The union maintains permanent diplomatic missions throughout the warld an represents itself at the Unitit Naitions, the WTO, the G8, an the G-20.

The EU is considered bi mony tae be a potential superpouer. Wi a combined population o ower 500 million indwallers,[7] or 7.3% o the warld population,[20] the EU in 2012 generatit a nominal gross domestic product (GDP) o 16.584 trillion US dollars, constitutin approximately 23% o global nominal GDP an 20% when measured in terms o purchasin pouer parity, which is the lairgest nominal GDP an GDP PPP in the warld.[21] The EU wis the recipient o the 2012 Nobel Peace Prize.[22]

Other Languages
Afrikaans: Europese Unie
Alemannisch: Europäische Union
aragonés: Unión Europea
asturianu: Xunión Europea
azərbaycanca: Avropa İttifaqı
башҡортса: Европа берлеге
žemaitėška: Euruopas Sājonga
Bikol Central: Union Europea
беларуская: Еўрапейскі Саюз
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Эўрапейскі Зьвяз
български: Европейски съюз
bamanankan: Eropa Jɛkulu
brezhoneg: Unaniezh Europa
bosanski: Evropska unija
català: Unió Europea
Chavacano de Zamboanga: Unión Europea
Mìng-dĕ̤ng-ngṳ̄: Ĕu-ciŭ Lièng-mèng
нохчийн: Европан барт
qırımtatarca: Avropa Birligi
čeština: Evropská unie
dolnoserbski: Europska unija
Esperanto: Eŭropa Unio
español: Unión Europea
estremeñu: Unión Uropea
Nordfriisk: Europäisch Unjoon
客家語/Hak-kâ-ngî: Êu-chû Lièn-mèn
Fiji Hindi: European Union
hrvatski: Europska unija
hornjoserbsce: Europska unija
Kreyòl ayisyen: Inyon Ewopeyèn
Արեւմտահայերէն: Եւրոպական Միութիւն
interlingua: Union Europee
Bahasa Indonesia: Uni Eropa
Interlingue: Europan Union
italiano: Unione europea
日本語: 欧州連合
la .lojban.: ropno gunma
Kabɩyɛ: UE ŋgbɛyɛ
қазақша: Еуропа одағы
kalaallisut: EU
ភាសាខ្មែរ: សហភាពអឺរ៉ុប
한국어: 유럽 연합
Перем Коми: Ӧтласа Европа
къарачай-малкъар: Европа бирлик
kernowek: Unyans Europek
Lëtzebuergesch: Europäesch Unioun
Lingua Franca Nova: Uni European
Limburgs: Europese Unie
lumbaart: Üniun Eurupea
lietuvių: Europos Sąjunga
олык марий: Европа Ушем
македонски: Европска Унија
Bahasa Melayu: Kesatuan Eropah
Mirandés: Ounion Ouropeia
မြန်မာဘာသာ: ဥရောပ သမဂ္ဂ
مازِرونی: اروپای اتحادیه
Napulitano: Aunione europea
Plattdüütsch: Europääsche Union
Nedersaksies: Europese Unie
नेपाल भाषा: युरोपियन युनियन
Nederlands: Europese Unie
norsk nynorsk: Den europeiske unionen
Chi-Chewa: European Union
ਪੰਜਾਬੀ: ਯੂਰਪੀ ਸੰਘ
Papiamentu: Union Oropeo
Piemontèis: Union Europenga
پنجابی: یورپی یونین
português: União Europeia
Runa Simi: Iwrupa Huñu
rumantsch: Uniun europeica
romani čhib: Europikano Ekipen
armãneashti: Uniunea Europeană
tarandíne: Aunìone europèe
русиньскый: Европска унія
sicilianu: Unioni Europea
davvisámegiella: Eurohpá uniovdna
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Evropska unija
Simple English: European Union
slovenčina: Európska únia
slovenščina: Evropska unija
Gagana Samoa: Iuni a Europa
Soomaaliga: Midowga Yurub
српски / srpski: Европска унија
Sunda: Uni Éropa
Kiswahili: Umoja wa Ulaya
Türkçe: Avrupa Birliği
татарча/tatarça: Аурупа берлеге
удмурт: Европа союз
ئۇيغۇرچە / Uyghurche: ياۋروپا ئىتتىپاقى
українська: Європейський Союз
oʻzbekcha/ўзбекча: Yevropa Ittifoqi
vèneto: Union Eoropea
vepsän kel’: Evropan Ühtištuz
Tiếng Việt: Liên minh châu Âu
West-Vlams: Europese Unie
Volapük: Balatam Yuropik
Winaray: Unyon Europea
吴语: 欧洲联盟
მარგალური: ევროპაშ რსხუ
Zeêuws: Europese Unie
中文: 欧洲联盟
Bân-lâm-gú: Au-chiu Liân-bêng
粵語: 歐洲聯盟