Erosion

A naitural airch produced bi the erosion o differentially wathered rock in Jebel Kharaz, Jordan

Erosion is the process bi which soil an rock are removed frae the Yird's surface bi exogenetic processes such as wind or watter flow, an then transported an deposited in ither locations.

While erosion is a naitural process, human activities hae increased bi 10-40 times the rate at which erosion is occurrin globally. Excessive erosion causes problems such as desertification, decreases in agricultural productivity due tae land degradation, sedimentation o watterways, an ecological collapse due tae loss o the nutrient rich upper soil layers. Watter an wind erosion are nou the twa primary causes o land degradation; combined, thay are responsible for 84% o degradit acreage, makin excessive erosion ane o the maist signeeficant global environmental problems.[1][2]

Industrial agricultur, deforestation, roads, anthropogenic climate chynge an urban sprawl are amangst the maist signeeficant human activities in regard tae thair effect on stimulatin erosion.[3] However, thare are mony prevention an remediation practices that can curtail or leemit erosion o denudit soils.

  • references

References

  1. Blanco, Humberto & Lal, Rattan (2010). "Soil and water conservation". Principles of Soil Conservation and Management. Springer. p. 2. ISBN 978-90-481-8529-0. 
  2. Toy, Terrence J. et al. (2002). Soil Erosion: Processes, Predicition, Measurement, and Control. John Wiley & Sons. p. 1. ISBN 978-0-471-38369-7. 
  3. Julien, Pierre Y. (2010). Erosion and Sedimentation. Cambridge University Press. p. 1. ISBN 978-0-521-53737-7. 
Other Languages
Afrikaans: Erosie
aragonés: Erosión
العربية: تعرية
asturianu: Erosión
azərbaycanca: Eroziya
беларуская: Эрозія (геалогія)
български: Ерозия
brezhoneg: Krignerezh
bosanski: Erozija
català: Erosió
čeština: Eroze
Cymraeg: Erydiad
dansk: Erosion
Ελληνικά: Αποσάθρωση
English: Erosion
Esperanto: Erozio
español: Erosión
eesti: Erosioon
euskara: Higadura
فارسی: فرسایش
suomi: Eroosio
français: Érosion
Gaeilge: Cnaí
galego: Erosión
Avañe'ẽ: Yvysyry
עברית: סחיפה
हिन्दी: अपरदन
hrvatski: Erozija
Kreyòl ayisyen: Ewozyon
հայերեն: Էրոզիա
Bahasa Indonesia: Erosi
íslenska: Rof
italiano: Erosione
日本語: 侵食
Patois: Iruojan
ქართული: ეროზია
қазақша: Эрозия
한국어: 침식
Lëtzebuergesch: Erosioun
Limburgs: Erosie
lietuvių: Erozija
latviešu: Erozija
Basa Banyumasan: Erosi
македонски: Ерозија
Bahasa Melayu: Penghakisan
Nederlands: Erosie
norsk nynorsk: Erosjon
norsk: Erosjon
occitan: Erosion
polski: Erozja
português: Erosão
Runa Simi: Allpa chinkari
română: Eroziune
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Erozija
Simple English: Erosion
slovenčina: Erózia
slovenščina: Erozija
shqip: Abrazioni
српски / srpski: Ерозија
svenska: Erosion
Kiswahili: Mmomonyoko
Tagalog: Erosyon
Türkçe: Erozyon
українська: Ерозія
Tiếng Việt: Xói mòn
Winaray: Pagtuno
中文: 侵蚀作用
Bân-lâm-gú: Chhim-si̍t