Chile
English: Chile

Republic o Chile

República de Chile  (Spaingie)
Motto: 
  • "Por la razón o la fuerza" (Spaingie)
  • "Bi richt or micht" [1]
Chile on the globe (Chile centered).svg
Caipital
and largest city
Santiagoa
33°26′S 70°40′W / 33°26′S 70°40′W / -33.433; -70.667
Naitional leidSpaingie
Ethnic groups
([2])
Demonym(s)Chilean
GovrenmentUnitar presidential constitutional republic
• Preses
Sebastián Piñera
LegislaturNaitional Congress
• Upper house
Senate
• Lower house
Chamber o Deputies
Unthirldom 
frae Spain
• First Govrenment Junta
18 September 1810
• Declared
12 Februar 1818
• Recognisit
25 Apryle 1844
• Current constitution
11 September 1980
Aurie
• Total
756,096.3 km2 (291,930.4 sq mi) (38th)
• Water (%)
1.07c
Population
• 2012 estimate
17,402,630[3] (62nt)
• 2002 census
15,116,435[4]
• Density
23/km2 (59.6/sq mi) (194t)
GDP (PPP)2013 estimate
• Total
$341.914 billion[5] (43rd)
• Per capita
$19,475[5] (55t)
GDP (nominal)2013 estimate
• Tot
$285.703 billion[5] (38t)
• Per capita
$16,273[5] (49t)
Gini (2011)positive decrease 51.6[6]
heich
HDI (2013)Increase 0.819[7]
verra heich · 40th
CurrencyPeso (CLP)
Time zoneUTC−4 and −6 (CLT or EASTd)
• Summer (DST)
UTC−3 an −5 (CLST or EASST)
Drivin sidericht
Cawin code+56
ISO 3166 codeCL
Internet TLD.cl
  1. Legislatur is based in Valparaíso.
  2. Follaein pairty rules, Piñera left National Renewal afore bein sworn in as Preses.
  3. Includes Easter Island an Isla Sala y Gómez; does no include 1,250,000 square kilometres (480,000 sq mi) o territory claimit in Antarcticae.
  4. The mainland uises UTC−4 (UTC−3 in simmer); Easter Island uises UTC−6 (UTC−5 in simmer).

Chile, offeecially the Republic o Chile (Spaingie: República de Chile), is a kintra in Sooth Americae occupyin a lang, narrae coastal strip atween the Andes muntains tae the east an the Pacific Ocean tae the wast. It borders Peru tae the north, Bolivie tae the northeast, Argentinae tae the east, an the Drake Passage in the far sooth. Wi Ecuador, it is ane o twa kintras in Sooth Americae which dae no border Brazil. The Paceefic coastline o Chile is 6,435 kilometres (4000 mi). Chilean territory includes the Paceefic islands o Juan Fernández, Salas y Gómez, Desventuradas an Easter Island. Chile an aa claims aboot 1,250,000 square kilometres (480,000 sq mi) o Antarcticae, awtho aw claims are suspendit unner the Antarctic Treaty.

Atacama

The shape o Chile is a distinctive ribbon o land 4,300 kilometres (2,700 mi) lang an on average 175 kilometres (109 mi) wide. Its climate varies, rangin frae the warld's driest desert – the Atacama – in the north, throu a Mediterranean climate in the centre, tae a rainy temperate climate in the sooth. The northren desert contains great mineral walth, principally copper. The relatively sma central aurie dominates in terms o population an agricultural resoorces, an is the cultural an poleetical centre frae which Chile expandit in the late 19t century, when it incorporatit its northren an soothren regions. Soothren Chile is rich in forests an grazin lands an features a string o volcanoes an lakes. The soothren coast is a labyrinth o fjords, inlets, canals, twistin peninsulas, an islands.

Prior tae arrival o the Spaingie in the 16t century, northren Chile wis unner Inca rule while the indigenous Mapuche inhabitit central an soothren Chile. Chile declared its unthirldom frae Spain on 12 Februar 1818. In the War o the Paceefic (1879–83), Chile defeatit Peru an Bolivie an wan its current northren territory. It wis no till the 1880s that the Mapuche wur completely subjugatit. Awtho relatively free o the coups an arbitrary govrenments that blichtit Sooth Americae, Chile endured the 17-year lang military dictatorship (1973–1990) o Augusto Pinochet that left mair nor 3,000 fowk deid or amissin.

The day, Chile is ane o Sooth Americae's maist stable an prosperous naitions an a recognised middle pouer. It leads Laitin American naitions in human development, competitiveness, income per caipita, globalization, economic freedom, an law perception o corruption. It an aa ranks heich regionally in freedom o the press an democratic development. Housomeivver, it haes a heich economic inequality, as measured bi the Gini index. In Mey 2010 Chile became the first Sooth American kintra tae join the OECD. Chile is a foondin member o baith the Unitit Naitions an the Union o Sooth American Naitions.

Demografie

Main airticle: Chilean fowk

Chileans are mainly o Spaingie an Ither European fowks strynd,[8][9][10] wi sma but significant traces o 19t an 20t century European-oreegin immigrants.

Post-unthirldom immigrants hae niver comprised mair nor twa percent o the tot population, tho thair stryndants are nou hunders o thoosans, includin Chileans o German,[11] Breetish, French, Croatie, Italian or Palestinian[12] strynd.

Etymologie

Thare are various theories aboot the oreegin o the wird Chile. Accordin tae a theory bi 17t century Spainyie chronicler Diego de Rosales, the Incas o Peru cried the glen o the Aconcagua "Chili" bi corruption o the name o a Picunche tribal chief ("cacique") cried Tili, who ruled the aurie at the time o the Incan conquest in the 15t century. Anither theory pynts tae the similarity o the glen o the Aconcagua wi that o the Casma glen in Peru, whaur thare wis a toun an glen namit Chili.

Ither theories say Chile mey derive its name frae the native Mapuche wird chilli, which mey mean "whaur the laund ends", "the deepest point o the Yird," or frae the Quechua chin, "cold", or the Aymara tchili, meanin "snaw". Anither oreegin attributit tae chilli is the onomatopoeic cheele-cheele—the Mapuche imitation o the warble o a bird locally kent as trile, afore common in the central glens. The Spaingie conquistadors heard aboot this name frae the Incas, an the few survivors o Diego de Almagro's first Spaingie expedeetion sooth frae Peru in 1535-36 cried thairsels the "men o Chilli." Ultimately, Almagro is creditit wi the universalization o the name Chile, efter namin the Mapocho glen as sic.

References

  1. "100 peso Coin". Central Bank of Chile. Retrieved 16 September 2012.
  2. "5.2.6. Estructura racial". La Universidad de Chile. Retrieved 26 August 2007. (Main page)
  3. "Official estimate" (PDF). Instituto Nacional de Estadísticas. Retrieved 2013-07-13.
  4. "Censo 2002. Síntesis de resultados" (PDF) (in Spanish). Instituto Nacional de Estadísticas. Retrieved 29 April 2013.CS1 maint: unrecognised leid (link)
  5. 5.0 5.1 5.2 5.3 "World Economic Outlook Database". IMF. May 2013. Retrieved 23 May 2013.
  6. "América Latina (18 Países): Indicadores De Concentración Del Ingreso, 1990-2010" (PDF). Panorama Social de América Latina 2012, Capítulo II Desigualdad distributiva y percepciones (in Spanish). United Nations Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean. November 2012. p. 36. Retrieved 11 December 2012.CS1 maint: unrecognised leid (link)
  7. "Human Development Report 2013" (PDF). United Nations Development Programme. 14 March 2013. Retrieved 14 March 2013.
  8. SOCIAL IDENTITY Marta Fierro Social Psychologist.
  9. massive immigration of European Argentina Uruguay Chile Brazil
  10. Latinoamerica.
  11. German Embassy in Chile.
    Quote in German: Es wird geschätzt, dass zwischen 500 bis 600 Tausend Chilenen deutscher Herkunft sind.
  12. "Los palestinos miran con esperanza su futuro en Chile sin olvidar Gaza e Irak", El Economista, 2009-02-11, retrieved 2009-07-29

Freemit airtins

Other Languages
Аҧсшәа: Чили
Acèh: Chili
адыгабзэ: Чили
Afrikaans: Chili
Akan: Chile
Alemannisch: Chile
አማርኛ: ቺሌ
aragonés: Chile
Ænglisc: Cile
العربية: تشيلي
ܐܪܡܝܐ: ܬܫܝܠܝ
مصرى: تشيلى
অসমীয়া: চিলি
asturianu: Chile
авар: Чили
Aymar aru: Chili
azərbaycanca: Çili
تۆرکجه: شیلی
башҡортса: Чили
Boarisch: Chile
žemaitėška: Čilė
Bikol Central: Tsile
беларуская: Чылі
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Чылі
български: Чили
भोजपुरी: चिली
Bislama: Chile
Banjar: Cili
bamanankan: Chile
বাংলা: চিলি
བོད་ཡིག: ཅི་ལི།
বিষ্ণুপ্রিয়া মণিপুরী: চিলি
brezhoneg: Chile
bosanski: Čile
ᨅᨔ ᨕᨘᨁᨗ: Chili
буряад: Чили
català: Xile
Chavacano de Zamboanga: Chile
Mìng-dĕ̤ng-ngṳ̄: Chile
нохчийн: Чили
Cebuano: Tśile
Chamoru: Chile
ᏣᎳᎩ: ᏥᎵ
Tsetsêhestâhese: Chile
کوردی: چیلی
corsu: Cile
qırımtatarca: Çile
čeština: Chile
kaszëbsczi: Chile
словѣньскъ / ⰔⰎⰑⰂⰡⰐⰠⰔⰍⰟ: Чилє
Чӑвашла: Чили
Cymraeg: Tsile
dansk: Chile
Deutsch: Chile
Thuɔŋjäŋ: Cile
Zazaki: Şili
dolnoserbski: Chilska
डोटेली: चिली
ދިވެހިބަސް: ޗިލީ
ཇོང་ཁ: ཅི་ལེ
eʋegbe: Chile
Ελληνικά: Χιλή
emiliàn e rumagnòl: Cîl
English: Chile
Esperanto: Ĉilio
español: Chile
eesti: Tšiili
euskara: Txile
estremeñu: Chili
فارسی: شیلی
Fulfulde: Ciile
suomi: Chile
Võro: Tsiili
Na Vosa Vakaviti: Chile
føroyskt: Kili
français: Chili
arpetan: Ch·ili
Nordfriisk: Chiile
furlan: Cile
Frysk: Sily
Gaeilge: An tSile
Gagauz: Çili
贛語: 智利
kriyòl gwiyannen: Chili
Gàidhlig: An t-Sile
galego: Chile
گیلکی: شيلي
Avañe'ẽ: Chíle
गोंयची कोंकणी / Gõychi Konknni: चिली
𐌲𐌿𐍄𐌹𐍃𐌺: 𐍄𐍃𐌾𐌹𐌻𐌴𐌹
ગુજરાતી: ચીલી
Hausa: Chile
客家語/Hak-kâ-ngî: Chile
Hawaiʻi: Kile
עברית: צ'ילה
हिन्दी: चिली
Fiji Hindi: Chile
hrvatski: Čile
hornjoserbsce: Chilska
Kreyòl ayisyen: Chili
magyar: Chile
հայերեն: Չիլի
interlingua: Chile
Bahasa Indonesia: Chili
Interlingue: Chile
Igbo: Chile
Iñupiak: Cili
Ilokano: Chile
Ido: Chili
íslenska: Síle
italiano: Cile
ᐃᓄᒃᑎᑐᑦ/inuktitut: ᓯᓕ
日本語: チリ
Patois: Chili
la .lojban.: tciles
Jawa: Cilé
ქართული: ჩილე
Qaraqalpaqsha: Chili
Taqbaylit: Cili
Адыгэбзэ: Чили
Kabɩyɛ: Silii
Kongo: Chile
Gĩkũyũ: Chile
қазақша: Чили
kalaallisut: Chile
ភាសាខ្មែរ: ឈីលី
ಕನ್ನಡ: ಚಿಲಿ
한국어: 칠레
Перем Коми: Чили
къарачай-малкъар: Чили
Ripoarisch: Chile
kurdî: Şîle
коми: Чили
kernowek: Chile
Кыргызча: Чили
Latina: Chilia
Ladino: Chile
Lëtzebuergesch: Chile
лакку: Чилй
лезги: Чили
Lingua Franca Nova: Txile
Luganda: Chile
Limburgs: Chili
Ligure: Cile
lumbaart: Cile
lingála: Shíle
لۊری شومالی: شیلی
lietuvių: Čilė
latgaļu: Čile
latviešu: Čīle
मैथिली: चिली
Basa Banyumasan: Chile
мокшень: Чиле
Malagasy: Silia
олык марий: Чили
Māori: Hiri
Minangkabau: Chili
македонски: Чиле
മലയാളം: ചിലി
монгол: Чили
मराठी: चिली
кырык мары: Чили
Bahasa Melayu: Chile
Malti: Ċili
Mirandés: Chile
эрзянь: Чили Мастор
مازِرونی: شیلی
Dorerin Naoero: Tsire
Nāhuatl: Chile
Napulitano: Cile
Plattdüütsch: Chile
Nedersaksies: Chili
नेपाली: चिली
नेपाल भाषा: चिली
Nederlands: Chili
norsk nynorsk: Chile
norsk: Chile
Novial: Chile
Nouormand: Chili
Sesotho sa Leboa: Chile
Chi-Chewa: Chile
occitan: Chile
Livvinkarjala: Čili
Oromoo: Chiilii
ଓଡ଼ିଆ: ଚିଲି
Ирон: Чили
ਪੰਜਾਬੀ: ਚਿਲੀ
Pangasinan: Chile
Kapampangan: Chile
Papiamentu: Chile
Picard: Kili
Deitsch: Chile
Pälzisch: Chile
पालि: चिले
Norfuk / Pitkern: Chili
polski: Chile
Piemontèis: Cile
پنجابی: چلی
Ποντιακά: Χιλε
پښتو: چیلی
português: Chile
Runa Simi: Chili
rumantsch: Chile
romani čhib: Chile
Kirundi: Chili
română: Chile
armãneashti: Cile
tarandíne: Cile
русский: Чили
русиньскый: Чіле
Kinyarwanda: Shili
संस्कृतम्: चिलि
саха тыла: Чиили
sardu: Cile
sicilianu: Cili
سنڌي: چلي
davvisámegiella: Chile
Sängö: Shilïi
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Čile
Simple English: Chile
slovenčina: Čile
slovenščina: Čile
Gagana Samoa: Shili
chiShona: Chile
Soomaaliga: Jili
shqip: Kili
српски / srpski: Чиле
Sranantongo: Sili
SiSwati: IShile
Sesotho: Chile
Seeltersk: Chile
Sunda: Cilé
svenska: Chile
Kiswahili: Chile
ślůnski: Czile
Sakizaya: Chile
தமிழ்: சிலி
ತುಳು: ಚಿಲಿ
తెలుగు: చిలీ
tetun: Xile
тоҷикӣ: Чили
ትግርኛ: ቺሌ
Türkmençe: Çili
Tagalog: Chile
Setswana: Chile
lea faka-Tonga: Sile
Tok Pisin: Sili
Türkçe: Şili
Xitsonga: Chile
татарча/tatarça: Чили
chiTumbuka: Chile
Twi: Kyili
reo tahiti: Tīri
тыва дыл: Чили
удмурт: Чили
ئۇيغۇرچە / Uyghurche: چىلى
українська: Чилі
اردو: چلی
oʻzbekcha/ўзбекча: Chili
Tshivenda: Shile
vèneto: Ciłe
vepsän kel’: Čili
Tiếng Việt: Chile
West-Vlams: Chili
Volapük: Cilän
walon: Tchili
Winaray: Chile
Wolof: Sili
吴语: 智利
isiXhosa: IChile
მარგალური: ჩილე
ייִדיש: טשילע
Yorùbá: Tsílè
Vahcuengh: Chile
Zeêuws: Chili
中文: 智利
文言: 智利
Bân-lâm-gú: Chile
粵語: 智利
isiZulu: ITshile