Chess

Chess
A selection o black an white chess pieces on a chequered surface.
Pairt o a Staunton chess set (frae left tae richt):
a white keeng, a black ruik, a black queen,
a white pawn, a black knight,
an a white bishop
Years activec. 6t century – present
Genre(s)Board gemme
Abstract strategy gemme
Players2
Setup timec. 1 minute
Playin timeCasual games usually last 10 tae 60 minutes;
toornament gemmes last onywhaur frae aboot
ten minutes (blitz chess) tae sax oors or mair.
Random chanceNone
Skill(s) requiredStrategy, tactics

Chess is a twa-player strategy board gemme played on a chessboord, a checkered gameboard wi 64 squares arranged in an aicht-bi-aicht grid. It is ane o the warld's maist popular gemmes, played bi millions o fowk warldwide at home, in clubs, online, bi correspondence, an in toornaments.

Baith player begins the gemme wi 16 pieces: ane keeng, ane queen, twa ruiks, twa knights, twa bishops, an aicht pawns. Ilkane o the sax piece types muives different. Pieces is uised tae attack an captur the opponent's pieces, wi the objective tae 'checkmate' the opponent's keeng bi placin it unner an inescapable threat o captur. In addeetion tae checkmate, the gemme can be wan bi the voluntary resignation o the opponent, that teepically occurs whan ower muckle hantle material is lost, or gif checkmate appears unavoidable. A gemme mey result in a draw in several wyes, whaur neither player wins. The coorse o the gemme is dividit intae three phases: openin, middlegame, an endgemme.

The first offeecial Warld Chess Champion, Wilhelm Steinitz, claimed his title in 1886; the current Warld Champion is Indian chess Grandmaster Viswanathan Anand. In addeetion tae the Warld Championship, thare the Weemen's Warld Championship, the Junior Warld Championship, the Warld Senior Championship, the Correspondence Chess Warld Championship, the Warld Computer Chess Championship, an Blitz an Rapid Warld Championships. The Chess Olympiad is a popular competeetion amang teams frae different nations. Online chess haes opened amateur an professional competeetion tae a wide an varied group o players. Chess is a recognised sport o the Internaitional Olympic Committee an internaitional chess competeetion is sanctioned bi the Warld Chess Federation (FIDE), which adoptit the nou-standard Staunton chess set in 1924 for uise in aw offeecial gemmes. Thare mony chess variants an aa, wi different rules, different pieces, an different boords.

Syne the seicont hauf o the 20t century, computers hae been programmed tae play chess wi increasin success, tae the pynt whaur hame computers can play chess at a vera heich level. In the past twa decades computer analysis haes contributit significantly tae chess theory, parteecular in the endgemme. The computer Deep Blue wis the first machine tae owercome a reignin Warld Chess Champion in a match, whan it defeatit Garry Kasparov in 1997.

References

Other Languages
Afrikaans: Skaak
Alemannisch: Schach
አማርኛ: ሰንጠረዥ
aragonés: Escaques
Ænglisc: Blēobord
العربية: شطرنج
ܐܪܡܝܐ: ܛܠܦܣܢܐ
مصرى: شطرنج
asturianu: Axedrez
azərbaycanca: Şahmat
تۆرکجه: شطرنج
башҡортса: Шахмат
Boarisch: Schach
žemaitėška: Šakmatā
беларуская: Шахматы
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Шахматы
български: Шахмат
भोजपुरी: शतरंज
Bahasa Banjar: Catur
বাংলা: দাবা
brezhoneg: Echedoù
bosanski: Šah
буряад: Шатар
català: Escacs
Mìng-dĕ̤ng-ngṳ̄: Guók-cié chiông-gì
нохчийн: Шахматаш
کوردی: شەتڕەنج
čeština: Šachy
Чӑвашла: Шахмат
Cymraeg: Gwyddbwyll
dansk: Skak
Deutsch: Schach
dolnoserbski: Šach
ދިވެހިބަސް: ރާޒުވާ
Ελληνικά: Σκάκι
English: Chess
Esperanto: Ŝako
español: Ajedrez
eesti: Male
euskara: Xake
فارسی: شطرنج
suomi: Shakki
Võro: Malõ
føroyskt: Talv
français: Échecs
Nordfriisk: Schach
Frysk: Skaken
Gaeilge: Ficheall
贛語: 國際象棋
Gàidhlig: Tàileasg
galego: Xadrez
ગુજરાતી: ચેસ
客家語/Hak-kâ-ngî: Sî-yòng-khî
עברית: שחמט
हिन्दी: शतरंज
Fiji Hindi: Satranj
hrvatski: Šah
hornjoserbsce: Šach
Kreyòl ayisyen: Echèk (jwèt)
magyar: Sakk
Հայերեն: Շախմատ
interlingua: Chacos
Bahasa Indonesia: Catur
Interlingue: Chac
Ilokano: Ahedres
íslenska: Skák
italiano: Scacchi
日本語: チェス
Patois: Ches
la .lojban.: caxmati
Basa Jawa: Sekak
ქართული: ჭადრაკი
қазақша: Шахмат
한국어: 체스
kurdî: Sedrenc
Кыргызча: Шахмат
Latina: Scacci
Lëtzebuergesch: Schach
лезги: Шахматар
Limburgs: Sjaaksjpèl
lietuvių: Šachmatai
latviešu: Šahs
मैथिली: शतरञ्ज
Malagasy: Eseky
македонски: Шах
മലയാളം: ചെസ്സ്
монгол: Шатар
मराठी: बुद्धिबळ
Bahasa Melayu: Catur
Mirandés: Xadreç
Nāhuatl: Cuappatōlli
Plattdüütsch: Schachspeel
Nedersaksies: Skaakn
नेपाली: बुद्धिचाल
नेपाल भाषा: चेस
Nederlands: Schaken
norsk nynorsk: Sjakk
norsk: Sjakk
Sesotho sa Leboa: Moruba wa sekgowa
occitan: Escacs
Livvinkarjala: Šahmuattukiža
ଓଡ଼ିଆ: ଚେସ
ਪੰਜਾਬੀ: ਸ਼ਤਰੰਜ
Norfuk / Pitkern: Ches
polski: Szachy
پنجابی: شطرنج
پښتو: سترنج
português: Xadrez
Runa Simi: Qhapaq chunkana
română: Șah (joc)
русский: Шахматы
русиньскый: Шахы
संस्कृतम्: चतुरङ्गक्रीडा
саха тыла: Саахымат
sicilianu: Scacchi
davvisámegiella: Šáhkka
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Šah
සිංහල: චෙස්
Simple English: Chess
slovenčina: Šach (hra)
slovenščina: Šah
shqip: Shahu
српски / srpski: Шах
Basa Sunda: Catur
svenska: Schack
Kiswahili: Sataranji
తెలుగు: చదరంగం (ఆట)
тоҷикӣ: Шоҳмот
Türkmençe: Küşt
Tagalog: Ahedres
Türkçe: Satranç
татарча/tatarça: Шахмат
українська: Шахи
اردو: شطرنج
oʻzbekcha/ўзбекча: Shaxmat
vèneto: Scachi
vepsän kel’: Šahmatad
Tiếng Việt: Cờ vua
Volapük: Cög
Winaray: Chess
吴语: 国际象棋
хальмг: Шатр
isiXhosa: Itshesi
მარგალური: ჭარდაკი
ייִדיש: שאך (שפיל)
中文: 國際象棋
Bân-lâm-gú: Kok-chè chhiūⁿ-kî
粵語: 國際象棋