Caracas

Caracas
Ceety
Santiago de León de Caracas
Plaza Venezuela Noche.jpgVista PlazaVenezuela.jpg
TorresCSB.jpgPFLCaracas.jpg
Panorámica de Caracas, Venezuela.jpg
Banner o Caracas
Banner
Coat o airms o Caracas
Coat o airms
Nickname(s): La Odalisca del Ávila (The Avila's Odalisque)
La Sucursal del Cielo (Heaven's Branch on Earth)
"La Ciudad de la Eterna Primavera"(The Ceety o Eternal Spring)
Motto(s): Ave María Purísima, sin pecado concebida, en el primer instante de su ser natural
Caracas is locatit in Venezuela
Caracas
Caracas
Coordinates: 10°30′N 66°55′W / 10°30′N 66°55′W / 10.500; -66.917
KintraVenezuela Venezuela
StateCaipital Destrict
Foondit25 Julie 1567
Foondit biDiego de Losada
MetropolitanMunicipalities: Libertador, Chacao, Baruta, Sucre, El Hatillo
Govrenment
 • TeepMayor-cooncil
 • BoukGovrenment o the Caipital Destrict / Mayorship o the Metropolitan Destrict
 • Chief o Govrenment / MayorJacqueline Faría / Antonio Ledezma
Aurie
 • Ceety433 km2 (167 sq mi)
 • Metro1,930 km2 (750 sq mi)
Elevation900 m (3,000 ft)
Heichest elevation2,100 m (6,900 ft)
Lawest elevation700 m (2,300 ft)
Population (2011)[1]
 • Ceety3,273,863
 • Density4,212.9/km2 (10,911/sq mi)
 • Metro5,297,026
 • Metro density1,123.4/km2 (2,910/sq mi)
Demonym(s)caraqueño (m), caraqueña (f)
Time zoneVST (UTC– 04:30)
 • Simmer (DST)no observit (UTC– 04:30)
Postal codit1010-A
Aurie code212
ISO 3166 codeVE-A
WabsteidCaipital Destrict Metropolitan Destrict
The aurie an population figurs are the sum o the figurs o the five municipalities (leetit abuin) that mak up the Distrito Metropolitano.

Caracas (Spaingie pronunciation: [kaˈɾakas]), offeecially Santiago de León de Caracas, is the caipital an lairgest ceety o Venezuela. It is locatit in the northren pairt o the kintra, follaein the contours o the narrae Caracas Glen on the Venezuelan coastal muntain range (Cordillera de la Costa). The glen's temperaturs ar warelike. Terrain suitable for biggin lees atween 760 an 910 m (2,493.44 an 2,985.56 ft) abuin sea level. The glen is close tae the Caribbean Sea, separatit frae the coast bi a steep 2200 m (7400 ft) hie muntain range, Cerro Ávila; tae the sooth thare ar mair hills an muntains.

El Distrito Metropolitano de Caracas (Metropolitan Destrict o Caracas) includes the Distrito Capital (the caipital ceety proper) an fower ither municipalities in Miranda State includin Chacao, Baruta, Sucre, an El Hatillo. The Distrito Capital haed a population o 2,097,350 as o 2009, while that o Distrito Metropolitano wis estimatit at 3,196,514 (as o 2008).

History

At the time o the foondin o the ceety, mair nor fower hunder years ago, the glen o Caracas wis populatit bi indigenous fowks. Francisco Fajardo, the son o a Spainyie caiptain an a Guaiqueri cacica, attemptit tae establish a plantation in the glen in 1562 efter foondin a series o coastal touns. Fajardo's dounset did no last lang. It wis destroyed bi natives o the region led bi Terepaima an Guaicaipuro. This wis the last rebellion on the pairt o the natives. On 25 Julie 1567, Caiptain Diego de Losada laid the foondations o the ceety o Santiago de León de Caracas. The foondation −1567 – “A tak possession o this laund in the name o God an the Keeng” These wur the wirds o Don Diego de Losada in foondin the ceety o Caracas on 25 Julie 1567. In 1577 Caracas became the caipital o the Spainyie Empire's Venezuela Province unner Govrenor Juan de Pimentel (1576–1583).

Durin the 17t century, the coast o Venezuela wis frequently raidit bi pirates. Wi the coastal muntains as a barrier, Caracas wis relatively immune tae such attacks – ane o the raisons it became the principal ceety o the region. Housomeivver, in the 1680s, buccaneers crossed the muntains throu a little-uised pass while the toun's defenders wur guardin the mair aften-uised ane, an encoonterin little resistance, sackit an set fire tae the toun.[2]

As the cocoa cultivation unner the Compañía Guipuzcoana de Caracas grew in importance, the ceety expandit. In 1777, Caracas became the caipital o the Caiptaincy General o Venezuela.

José María España an Manuel Gual led an attemptit revolution aimit at unthirdom, but the rebellion wis put doun on 13 Julie 1797. Caracas wis ultimately the steid o the signin o a Declaration o Unthirldom on 5 Julie 1811. In 1812, a yirdquauk destroyed Caracas. The revolutionar war continued till 24 Juin 1821, when Bolívar defeatit ryalists in the Battle o Carabobo.[3]

Caracas grew in economic importance durin Venezuela's ile boom in the early 20t century. Durin the 1950s, Caracas began an intensive modrenization program which continued throuoot the 1960s an early 1970s. The Universidad Central de Venezuela, designed bi modrenist airchitect Carlos Raúl Villanueva an declared Warld Heritage Steid bi UNESCO, wis biggit. New wirkin an middle-cless residential destricts sproutit in the glen, extendin the urban aurie towards the east an sootheast. Joinin El Silencio, designed bi Villanueva an aw, wur several wirkers' hoosin destricts, 23 de Enero an Simon Rodriguez. Middle cless developments include Bello Monte, Los Palos Grandes, Chuao, an El Cafetal. The dramatic chynge in the economic structur o the kintra, which went frae bein primarily agricultural tae dependent on ile production, stimulatit the fast development o Caracas, an made it a magnet for fowk in landwart commonties who migratit tae the caipital ceety in an unplanned fashion searchin for greater economic opportunity. This migration created the rancho (slum) belt o the glen o Caracas.

Other Languages
Аҧсшәа: Каракас
Afrikaans: Caracas
Alemannisch: Caracas
አማርኛ: ካራካስ
aragonés: Caracas
العربية: كاراكاس
asturianu: Caraques
Aymar aru: Caracas
azərbaycanca: Karakas
Bikol Central: Caracas
беларуская: Каракас
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Каракас
български: Каракас
Bislama: Caracas
বাংলা: কারাকাস
བོད་ཡིག: ཁ་ར་ཁ་སི
brezhoneg: Caracas
bosanski: Caracas
català: Caracas
Chavacano de Zamboanga: Ciudad de Caracas
Mìng-dĕ̤ng-ngṳ̄: Caracas
нохчийн: Каракас
Cebuano: Caracas
Tsetsêhestâhese: Caracas
corsu: Caracas
čeština: Caracas
Cymraeg: Caracas
dansk: Caracas
Deutsch: Caracas
Zazaki: Karakas
Ελληνικά: Καράκας
English: Caracas
Esperanto: Karakaso
español: Caracas
eesti: Caracas
euskara: Caracas
فارسی: کاراکاس
suomi: Caracas
Na Vosa Vakaviti: Caracas
français: Caracas
Frysk: Karakas
Gaeilge: Caracas
Gàidhlig: Caracas
galego: Caracas
Avañe'ẽ: Caracas
ગુજરાતી: કારાકાસ
Hausa: Karakas
客家語/Hak-kâ-ngî: Caracas
עברית: קראקס
हिन्दी: काराकास
Fiji Hindi: Caracas
hrvatski: Caracas
hornjoserbsce: Caracas
Kreyòl ayisyen: Karakas
magyar: Caracas
հայերեն: Կարակաս
interlingua: Caracas
Bahasa Indonesia: Caracas
Interlingue: Caracas
Ilokano: Caracas
Ido: Caracas
íslenska: Karakas
italiano: Caracas
日本語: カラカス
Basa Jawa: Caracas
ქართული: კარაკასი
Qaraqalpaqsha: Karakas
Taqbaylit: Caracas
kalaallisut: Caracas
ಕನ್ನಡ: ಕರಾಕಸ್
한국어: 카라카스
kurdî: Caracas
Кыргызча: Каракас
Latina: Caracae
Ladino: Caracas
Lëtzebuergesch: Caracas
Lingua Franca Nova: Caracas
Ligure: Caracas
lumbaart: Caracas
لۊری شومالی: کاراکاس
lietuvių: Karakasas
latviešu: Karakasa
Baso Minangkabau: Caracas
македонски: Каракас
മലയാളം: കാരക്കാസ്
монгол: Каракас
मराठी: काराकास
Bahasa Melayu: Caracas
Mirandés: Caracas
မြန်မာဘာသာ: ကရာကက်စ်မြို့
Dorerin Naoero: Caracas
नेपाली: काराकस
Nederlands: Caracas
norsk nynorsk: Caracas
norsk: Caracas
Novial: Karakas
occitan: Caracas
Livvinkarjala: Karakas
ଓଡ଼ିଆ: କାରାକାସ
Ирон: Каракас
ਪੰਜਾਬੀ: ਕਾਰਾਕਾਸ
Pangasinan: Caracas
Papiamentu: Caracas
polski: Caracas
Piemontèis: Caracas
پنجابی: کراکس
português: Caracas
Runa Simi: Karakas
rumantsch: Caracas
Romani: Caracas
Kirundi: Caracas
română: Caracas
armãneashti: Caracas
русский: Каракас
Kinyarwanda: Caracas
sardu: Caracas
sicilianu: Caracas
Sängö: Caracas
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Caracas
Simple English: Caracas
slovenčina: Caracas
slovenščina: Caracas
chiShona: Caracas
shqip: Karakas
српски / srpski: Каракас
Seeltersk: Caracas
svenska: Caracas
Kiswahili: Caracas
ślůnski: Caracas
தமிழ்: கரகஸ்
tetun: Karakas
Tagalog: Caracas
Türkçe: Caracas
татарча/tatarça: Каракас
reo tahiti: Caracas
ئۇيغۇرچە / Uyghurche: Karakas
українська: Каракас
اردو: کاراکاس
oʻzbekcha/ўзбекча: Karakas
vèneto: Caracas
vepsän kel’: Karakas
Tiếng Việt: Caracas
Volapük: Caracas
Winaray: Caracas
Wolof: Caracas
吴语: 加拉加斯
ייִדיש: קאראקאס
Yorùbá: Caracas
Vahcuengh: Caracas
中文: 卡拉卡斯
Bân-lâm-gú: Caracas
粵語: 卡拉卡斯