Bourgeoisie

The bourgeoisie is a polysemous French term acause it can mean:

  • a sociologically defined class, especially in contemporary times, referrin tae fowk wi a certain cultural an financial caipital alangin tae the middle or upper stratum o the middle cless: the upper (haute), middle (moyenne) an petty (petite) bourgeoisie (which are collectively designatit "the Bourgeoisie"). An affluent an eften opulent stratum o the middle class (caipitalist class) wha stuid opposite the proletariat cless;
  • a legally defined cless o the Middle Ages tae the end o the "Ancien Régime" (Auld Regime) in Fraunce, that o indwallers havin the richts o cwwtizenship an poleetical richts in a ceety (comparable tae the German term Bürgertum an Bürger);
  • an, oreeginally an generally, "those wha live in the borough", that is tae say, the fowk o the ceety (includin merchants an craftsmen), as opponed tae those o rural auries; in this sense, the bourgeoisie began tae grow in Europe frae the 11t century an particularly during the Renaissance o the 12t century, wi the first developments o rural exodus an urbanisation.
Other Languages
Afrikaans: Bourgeoisie
aragonés: Burguesía
العربية: برجوازية
asturianu: Burguesía
azərbaycanca: Burjuaziya
башҡортса: Буржуазия
беларуская: Буржуазія
български: Буржоазия
brezhoneg: Bourc'hizelezh
bosanski: Buržoazija
català: Burgesia
čeština: Měšťanstvo
dansk: Borgerskab
Deutsch: Bourgeoisie
Zazaki: Burjuvazi
Ελληνικά: Μπουρζουαζία
English: Bourgeoisie
Esperanto: Burĝo
español: Burguesía
eesti: Kodanlus
euskara: Burgesia
فارسی: بورژوازی
suomi: Porvaristo
français: Bourgeoisie
Nordfriisk: Bourgeoisie
galego: Burguesía
עברית: בורגנות
हिन्दी: बूर्जुआ
hrvatski: Buržoazija
magyar: Burzsoázia
հայերեն: Բուրժուազիա
Bahasa Indonesia: Borjuis
italiano: Borghesia
қазақша: Буржуазия
한국어: 부르주아지
Lëtzebuergesch: Biergertum
lietuvių: Buržuazija
latviešu: Buržuāzija
മലയാളം: ബൂർഷ്വാസി
नेपाली: बुर्जुवा
Nederlands: Burgerij
norsk nynorsk: Borgarskap
norsk: Borgerskap
occitan: Borgesiá
polski: Burżuazja
پنجابی: بورژوازی
português: Burguesia
română: Burghezie
русский: Буржуазия
русиньскый: Буржоазия
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Buržoazija
Simple English: Bourgeoisie
slovenčina: Buržoázia
slovenščina: Buržoazija
српски / srpski: Буржоазија
svenska: Bourgeoisie
Tagalog: Burgesya
Türkçe: Burjuvazi
тыва дыл: Буржуазия
українська: Буржуазія
oʻzbekcha/ўзбекча: Burjuaziya
vèneto: Borghexia
Tiếng Việt: Giai cấp tư sản
吴语: 資產階級
中文: 資產階級
Bân-lâm-gú: Chu-sán-kai-kip
粵語: 資產階級