Flag ratio: 2:3
The banner o Turkmenistan (Turkmen: Türkmenistanyň baýdagy) wis adoptit on Januar 24, 2001.
It features a green field wi a vertical reid stripe near the hoist side, containin five cairpet guls (designs uised in producin rugs) stackt abuin twa crossed olive branches seemilar tae those on the banner o the Unitit Naitions; a white waxin crescent moon, teepical o Turkic seembology, an five white five-pointit stars appear in the upper corner o the field juist tae the flee side o the reid stripe.
The green an reid colors appear in this banner acause thay hae been veneratit historically bi the Turkmen. The waxin crescent moon symbolizes the hope o the kintra for a shinin future an the stars represent the five provinces (welayatlar) o Turkmenistan – Ahal, Balkan, Dashhowuz, Lebap, an Mary.
The five traditional cairpet designs alang the hoist represent the five major tribes or hooses, an form motifs in the kintra's state emblem an banner. These Turkmen tribes in traditional order (as well as tap tae bottom) are Teke (Tekke), Yomut (Yomud), Arsary (Ersary), Chowdur (Choudur), an Saryk (Saryq). The Salyr (Salor), a tribe that declined as a result o military defeat afore the modren period, are no representit, nor are several smawer tribes or subtribes.
The wreath is ane o the odder pairts o the banner, addit against the rules o heraldry an breakin up the cairpet pattern. It wis addit as an efterthought tae represent the "status o permanent neutrality," which wis acceptit bi the United Naitions General Assembly on December 12, 1995.
Afore independence frae the Soviet Union in 1991, Turkmenistan haed a banner seemilar tae aw ither Soviet Republics; see Banner o the Turkmen SSR. Efter independence in 1991, Turkmenistan adoptit a flag vera seemilar tae the current design, on Februar 19, 1992. Houever, the designs on the left wur different. In 1997, the designs changed again afore becomin the current versions in 2001.
The banner o the Roushie Empire wis the offeecial banner o Turkmenistan till the Roushie revolution.
The Banner o the Turkmen SSR wis uised frae independence in 1991 till the new banner wis adoptit in 1992.
Banner uised frae 1992 tae 1997
Banner uised frae 1997 tae 2001