BM-21 Grad

BM-21 "Grad"
Russian BM-21 Grad in Saint Petersburg.JPG
A Russian BM-21-1 on display in Saint Petersburg, in May 2009
TeepMultiple rocket launcher
Place o oreeginSoviet Union
Service history
In service1963–present
Uised biSee Operators
WarsVietnam War
Lebanese Ceevil War
Western Sahara War
Angolan Civil War
Cambodian–Vietnamese War
Sino-Vietnamese War
Iran–Iraq War
Soviet War in Afghanistan
Gulf War
Nagorno-Karabakh War
Yugoslavia War
First Chechen War
1995 Cenepa War
Second Chechen War
Palestinian rocket attacks on Israel
Russo-Georgian War
Cambodian–Thai border dispute
Libyan Civil War (2011)
Sirian Ceevil War[1][2][3]
Operation Serval
War in Donbass
Yemeni Civil War (2015)[4]
Saudi-led intervention in Yemen (2015-present)
2016 Armenian–Azerbaijani clashes
Production history
DesignerSplav State Research and Production Enterprise
Designed1963
ManufacturerSplav State Research and Production Enterprise
Produced1963–present
VariantsSee Variants
Specifications (9K51)
Wecht13.71 tonnes (30,225 lb)
Lenth7.35 m (24 ft 1 in)
Baurel lenth3.0 m (9 ft 10 in)
Weenth2.40 m (7 ft 10 in)
Hicht3.09 m (10 ft 2 in)
Crew3

Baurels40
Rate o fire2 rounds/s
Muzzle velocity690 m/s (2,264 ft/s)
Maximum firin range20 km (12 mi) (new rockets 30–45 km)
SichtsPG-1M panoramic telescope

IngineV-8 gasoline ZiL-375
180 hp (130 kW)
Suspension6×6 wheeled
Operational
range
405 km (251 mi)
Speed75 km/h (47 mph)

The BM-21 "Grad" (Roushie: БМ-21 "Град"), is a Soviet truck-mounted 122 mm multiple rocket launcher.[5] The wappens seestem an the M-21OF rocket[6] it fires war developed in the early 1960s, an saw thair first combat uise in Mairch 1969 during the Sino-Soviet border conflict.[7] BM stands for boyevaya mashina (combat vehicle), an the nickname grad means "hail". The complete seestem wi the BM-21 launch vehicle an the M-21OF rocket is designatit as the M-21 field rocket seestem. The complete seestem is mair commonly kent as a Grad multiple rocket launcher seestem. In NATO countries, the seestem (aither the complete seestem or the launch vehicle anly) wis initially kent as M1964. Several ither countries haeve copied it or developed seemilar seestems.

Other Languages
العربية: بي إم-21 غراد
azərbaycanca: BM-21 Qrad
български: БМ-21 Град
bosanski: BM-21 Grad
català: BM-21
čeština: BM-21 Grad
Deutsch: BM-21
English: BM-21 Grad
español: BM-21
eesti: Grad
suomi: BM-21
français: BM-21 Grad
עברית: גראד
hrvatski: BM-21 Grad
magyar: BM–21 Grad
Bahasa Indonesia: BM-21 Grad
italiano: BM-21
日本語: BM-21
ქართული: БМ-21
한국어: BM-21
lietuvių: BM-21 Grad
Bahasa Melayu: BM-21 Grad
norsk nynorsk: BM-21
norsk: BM-21
polski: BM-21 Grad
português: BM-21 Grad
русский: БМ-21
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: BM-21 Grad
slovenščina: BM-21
српски / srpski: БМ-21 Град
svenska: BM-21 Grad
Türkçe: BM-21 Grad
українська: БМ-21 «Град»
Tiếng Việt: BM-21