Al-Qaeda

al-Qaeda
القاعدة
Leader(s)Osama bin Laden (1988–2011)
Ayman al-Zawahiri (2011 – present)
Dates o operation11 August 1988 – present
Active region(s)Warldwide
IdeologySunni Islamism
Strict sharia law
Islamic fundamentalism[1]
Takfiri[2]
Pan-Islamism
Warldwide Caliphate[3][4][5][6][7]
Qutbism
Wahhabism[8]
Salafist Jihadism[9][10]
StatusSee belaw

Al-Qaeda (Arabic: القاعدة‎, al-qāʿidah, Arabic: [ælˈqɑːʕɪdɐ], Inglis: /ælˈkaɪdə/ al-KY-də, translation: "The Base" an alternatively spelled al-Qaida an whiles al-Qa'ida) is a global broad-based militant Islamist terrorist[11] organization foondit bi Osama bin Laden sometime atween August 1988[12] an late 1989.[13] It operates as a netwirk comprisin baith a multinaitional, stateless airmy[14] an a radical Sunni Muslim muivement cawin for global Jihad. It haes been designatit a terrorist organization bi the Unitit States, the Unitit Naitions Security Cooncil, the European Union, NATO, an various ither kintras (see belaw).

Al-Qaeda haes attackit ceevilian an militar targets in various kintras, sic as the 11t September attacks, 1998 US embassy bombins an 2002 Bali bombins. The US govrenment respondit bi launchin the War on Terror. Al-Qaeda haes continued tae exist an grow throu the decade frae 2001 tae 2011.[15] Wi the loss o key leaders culminatin wi the daith o Osama bin Laden, al-Qaeda's operations hae devolvit frae tap-doun controlled, tae franchise associatit groups, tae lane wouf operators. Wi the daith o key communicators, lik Anwar al-Awlaki, the ability o al-Qaeda's "brand" tae inspire, motivate an instill fear haes shairply declined.[16]

Characteristic techniques include suicide attacks an simultaneous bombins o different targets.[17] Activities ascribit tae it mey involve members o the muivement, who hae taken a pledge o lealty tae Osama bin Laden, or the hintle mair numerous "al-Qaeda-linkit" individuals who hae unnergane trainin in ane o its camps in Afghanistan, Pakistan, Iraq or Sudan, but no taken ony pledge.[18]

Al-Qaeda ideologues enveesion a complete break frae aw foreign influences in Muslim kintras, an the creation o a new Islamic warld wide caliphate. Reportit beliefs include that a Christian-Jewish alliance is conspirin tae destroy Islam.[19] Unner Salafist jihadism thay believe that the killin o ceevilians is releegiously sanctioned, an thay ignore holy text which forbids the murther o ceevilians an an aw internecine fechtin.[9][20]

Al-Qaeda is responsible for instigatin sectarian violence amang Muslims an aw.[21] Al-Qaeda is intolerant o nan-Sunni branches o Islam an denoonces them wi excommunications cried "takfir". Al-Qaeda leaders regaird leeberal Muslims, Shias, Sufis, Ahmadiyyas an ither sects as heretics an hae issued attacks on thair mosques an gatherins.[22] Examples o sectarian attacks include the Yazidi community bombings, Sadr Ceety bombins, Ashoura Massacre an Aprile 2007 Baghdad bombins.[23]

Designation as terrorist organization

Al-Qaeda haes been designatit a terrorist organization bi the follaein kintras an internaitional organisations:

Other Languages
Afrikaans: Al-Kaïda
aragonés: Al-Qaeda
asturianu: Al Qaeda
azərbaycanca: Əl-Qaidə
Boarisch: Al-Qaida
Bikol Central: Al-Qaeda
беларуская: Аль-Каіда
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Аль-Каіда
български: Ал-Каида
brezhoneg: Al-Qaida
bosanski: Al-Kaida
català: Al-Qaida
Chavacano de Zamboanga: Al-Qaeda
Mìng-dĕ̤ng-ngṳ̄: Al-Qaeda
Cebuano: Al-Qaeda
کوردی: ئەلقاعیدە
čeština: Al-Káida
Cymraeg: Al-Qaeda
dansk: Al-Qaeda
Deutsch: Al-Qaida
Zazaki: El Qaide
Ελληνικά: Αλ Κάιντα
English: Al-Qaeda
Esperanto: Al-Kaida
español: Al Qaeda
euskara: Al Kaida
فارسی: القاعده
suomi: Al-Qaida
føroyskt: Al-Qaeda
français: Al-Qaïda
Frysk: Al-Qaida
galego: Al Qaida
客家語/Hak-kâ-ngî: Al-Qaeda
עברית: אל-קאעידה
हिन्दी: अल-क़ायदा
hrvatski: Al-Kaida
magyar: Al-Káida
հայերեն: Ալ-Կաիդա
interlingua: Al-Qaeda
Bahasa Indonesia: Al-Qaeda
íslenska: Al-Kaída
italiano: Al Qaida
Basa Jawa: Al-Qaéda
ქართული: ალ-კაიდა
қазақша: Әл-Қағида
ಕನ್ನಡ: ಅಲ್ ಕೈದಾ
한국어: 알카에다
Ripoarisch: El-Qaeda
kurdî: Elqaîde
Кыргызча: Ал-Каида
Latina: Al-Qāʿida
Ladino: Al Qaida
Lëtzebuergesch: Al-Qaida
Limburgs: Al Qaeda
lietuvių: Al-Qaeda
latviešu: Al-Qaeda
македонски: Ал-Каеда
മലയാളം: അൽ ഖാഇദ
मराठी: अल कायदा
Bahasa Melayu: Al Qaeda
မြန်မာဘာသာ: အယ်လ်ကေးဒါး
مازِرونی: القاعده
Plattdüütsch: Al Kaida
नेपाली: अल कायदा
Nederlands: Al Qaida
norsk nynorsk: Al-Qaida
norsk: Al-Qaida
ਪੰਜਾਬੀ: ਅਲ ਕਾਇਦਾ
polski: Al-Ka’ida
پنجابی: القاعدہ
پښتو: القاعده
português: Al-Qaeda
română: Al-Qaida
русский: Аль-Каида
саха тыла: Ал-Каида
ᱥᱟᱱᱛᱟᱲᱤ: ᱟᱞ ᱠᱣᱮᱫᱟ
sicilianu: Al-Qaida
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Al-Kaida
සිංහල: අල්-කයිඩා
Simple English: Al-Qaeda
slovenčina: Al-Káida
slovenščina: Al Kaida
Soomaaliga: Al-Qaacida
shqip: Al-Kaida
српски / srpski: Ал Каида
svenska: Al-Qaida
Kiswahili: Al-Qaeda
తెలుగు: అల్ ఖైదా
Tagalog: Al-Qaeda
Türkçe: El-Kaide
татарча/tatarça: Äl-Qağidä
українська: Аль-Каїда
اردو: القاعدہ
oʻzbekcha/ўзбекча: Al-Qoida
Tiếng Việt: Al-Qaeda
Winaray: Al-Qaeda
ייִדיש: אל קיידא
Yorùbá: Al-Kaida
中文: 基地组织
文言: 蓋達
Bân-lâm-gú: Al-Qaeda
粵語: 阿蓋達