ਮਦਦ:ਜਰਮਨ ਲਈ IPA

The charts below show the way in which the International Phonetic Alphabet (IPA) represents German language pronunciations in Wikipedia articles.

See German phonology for a more thorough look at the sounds of German.

Consonants
IPAExamplesEnglish approximation
bBall[1]ball
çich, durchhue
ddann[1]done
fFass, Vogelfuss
ɡGast[1]guest
hhathut
jjayard
kkaltcold
lLastlast
mMastmust
nNahtnot
ŋlanglong
pPaktpuck
pfPfahlcupfull
ʁRast[2]roughly like loch (Scottish English)
ʀNo English equivalent
rroughly like water (American English)
sHastfast
ʃschal, Steinshall
tTaltall
tsZahlcats
Matschmatch
vwasvanish
xBach[3]loch (Scottish English)
zHase[1]hose
ʔbeamtet[4]
([bəˈʔamtət])
the glottal stop in uh-oh!
Non-native consonants
Dschungel[1]jungle
ʒGenie[1]pleasure
Stress
ˈBahnhofstraße
([ˈbaːnhoːfˌʃtʁaːsə])
as in battleship /ˈbætəlˌʃɪp/
ˌ
Vowels
IPAExamplesEnglish approximation
Monophthongs
aDachbra (but shorter)
Bahnbra
Beetface
ɛBett, hättebed
ɛːwähle[5]says
vielfeel
ɪbistsit
Bootroughly like law (British English)
ɔPosthospitality
øːÖlroughly like hurt
œgöttlichroughly like hurt
Huttrue
ʊPutztook
Rüberoughly like few
ʏfülltmuch like the above but shorter
Diphthongs
weittie
Hauthow
ɔʏHeu, Räuberroughly like boy
Reduced vowels
ɐOber[2]fun
əhaltecomma (when pronounced without stress)
Semivowels
ɐ̯Uhr[2]comma
Studiestudio
aktuellactual
Non-native vowels[6]
eMethan(short [eː])
ivitalcity (short [iː])
oMoral(short [oː])
øÖkonom(short [øː])
ukulant(short [uː])
yPsychologie(short [yː])
Other Languages