ପୋଟାସିଅମ କ୍ଲୋରାଇଡ

ପୋଟାସିଅମ କ୍ଲୋରାଇଡ
Potassium chloride.jpg
Potassium-chloride-3D-ionic.png
Names
Other names
Sylvite
Muriate of potash
Identifiers
CAS number7447-40-7 YesY
PubChem4873
ChemSpider4707 YesY
UNII660YQ98I10 YesY
KEGGD02060 YesY
ChEBICHEBI:32588 YesY
ChEMBLCHEMBL1200731 N
RTECS numberTS8050000
Jmol-3D imagesImage 1
Properties
Molecular formulaKCl
Molar mass74.5513 g·mol−1
Appearancewhite crystalline solid
Odorodorless
Density1.984 g/cm3
Melting point୭୭୦ °C (୧,୪୨୦ °F; ୧,୦୪୦ K)
Boiling point୧,୪୨୦ °C (୨,୫୯୦ °F; ୧,୬୯୦ K)
Solubility in water21.74% (0 °C)
25.39% (20 °C)
36.05% (100 °C)
SolubilitySoluble in glycerol, alkalies
Slightly soluble in alcohol Insoluble in ether[୧]
Acidity (pKa)~7
Magnetic susceptibility (χ)
−39.0·10−6 cm3/mol
Refractive index (nD)
1.4902 (589 nm)
Structure
Crystal structure
face centered cubic
Space group
Fm3m, No. 225
Lattice constant
a = 629.2 pm [୨]
Coordination geometry
Octahedral (K+)
Octahedral (Cl)
Thermochemistry
entropy (So298)
83 J·mol−1·K−1[୩]
formation (ΔfHo298)
−436 kJ·mol−1[୩]
Pharmacology
ATC code
WHO) XA01
category
  • US: C (Risk not ruled out)
administration
Oral, IV, IM
Pharmacokinetics:
Excretion
Renal: 90%; Fecal: 10% [୪]
Hazards
NFPA 704
Flammability code 0: Will not burn. E.g., waterHealth code 1: Exposure would cause irritation but only minor residual injury. E.g., turpentineReactivity code 0: Normally stable, even under fire exposure conditions, and is not reactive with water. E.g., liquid nitrogenSpecial hazards (white): no codeNFPA 704 four-colored diamond
Flash point
Lethal dose or concentration (LD, LC):
Related compounds
Other anions
Potassium fluoride
Potassium bromide
Potassium iodide
Potassium astatide
Other cations
Lithium chloride
Sodium chloride
Rubidium chloride
Caesium chloride
Francium chloride
Related compounds
Potassium chlorate
Potassium perchlorate
Except where noted otherwise, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C (77 °F), 100 kPa)
 N (verify) (what is: YesY/N?)
Infobox references

  • ଆଧାର

ଆଧାର

  1. "Potassium chloride (PIM 430)". International Programme on Chemical Safety. 3.3.1 Properties of the substance. Retrieved 2011-01-17. 
  2. D.B. Sirdeshmukh; L. Sirdeshmukh; K.G. Subhadra. Alkali Halides: A Handbook of Physical Properties. 
  3. ୩.୦ ୩.୧ Zumdahl, Steven S. (୨୦୦୯). Chemical Principles ୬th Ed. Houghton Mifflin Company. p. A୨୨. ISBN ୦-୬୧୮-୯୪୬୯୦-X. 
  4. "Compound Summary for CID 4873". Retrieved 17 October 2015. 
  5. http://chem.sis.nlm.nih.gov/chemidplus/rn/7447-40-7[full citation needed]
Other Languages
български: Калиев хлорид
bosanski: Kalij-hlorid
Deutsch: Kaliumchlorid
Esperanto: Kalia klorido
hrvatski: Kalijev klorid
Bahasa Indonesia: Kalium klorida
한국어: 염화 칼륨
Кыргызча: Калий хлориди
lietuvių: Kalio chloridas
latviešu: Kālija hlorīds
മലയാളം: ഇന്തുപ്പ്
Bahasa Melayu: Kalium klorida
Nederlands: Kaliumchloride
русский: Хлорид калия
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Kalijum hlorid
Simple English: Potassium chloride
slovenčina: Chlorid draselný
српски / srpski: Калијум хлорид
svenska: Kaliumklorid
українська: Хлорид калію
Tiếng Việt: Kali clorua
吴语: 氯化钾
中文: 氯化钾
粵語: 氯化鉀