विकिपिडिया:IPA for French

The charts below show the way in which the International Phonetic Alphabet (IPA) represents French pronunciations in Wikipedia articles.

English approximations are in some cases very rough, and only intended to give a general idea of the pronunciation. See French phonology for a more thorough look at the sounds.

French has no word-level stress, so stress marks should not be used in transcribing French words. See here for explanation.

Consonants
  IPA  ExamplesEnglish approximation
bbeaubeau
ddouxdo
ffête; pharmaciefestival
ɡgain; guerregain
kcabas; archque; aquarelle; kelvinsky
llouploop
mmou; femmemoo
nnous; bonneno
ɲagneauxroughly like canyon
ŋparkingsing
ppasséspy
ʁroue; rhume[१]guttural r
ssa; hausse; ce; garçon; option; sciesir
ʃchou; schème; shampooingshoe
ttout; thésty
vvous; wagonview
zhasard; zérozeal
ʒjoue; geaimeasure
Semivowels
jfief; payer; fille; travailyes
woui; loi; moyen; webwe
ɥhuitbetween yet and wet
Vowels
  IPA  ExamplesEnglish approximation
apattepat
ɑpâte; glas[२]bra
eclé; les; chez; aller; piedpay
ɛmère; est; abdomen; faitebest
ɛːfête; mtre[३]best (longer)
əle; reposer[४]minor (often elided)
isi; île; ybeet (shorter)
œsœur; jeuneroughly like bird
(esp. in RP)
øceux; jne
osot; hôtel; haut; bureaumole
ɔsort; minimumhot
ucoupcoo (shorter)
ytu; sûrroughly like cute
Nasal vowels
ɑ̃sans; champ; vent; temps; Jean; taonnasalized [ɑ]
ɛ̃vin; impair; pain; daim; plein; Reims; biennasalized [æ]
œ̃brun, parfum[५]nasalized [œ]
ɔ̃son; nomnasalized [ɔ]
 
Suprasegmentals
IPAExampleExplanation
ˈmoyen [mwaˈjɛ̃][६]phrasal stress
.pays [pe.i][७]syllable boundary
les agneaux [lez‿aˈɲo]liaison[८]

Notes

  1. The French rhotic varies from region to region, though it is often uvular, especially in Northern France; the more common pronunciations include a voiced uvular fricative [ʁ] and a uvular trill [ʀ] and sometimes [χ] (after voiceless consonants).
  2. In European French, /ɑ/ is often replaced by [a].
  3. In European French, /ɛː/ is often replaced by [ɛ].
  4. In French, /ə/ is pronounced with some lip rounding [ɵ̞]; for a number of speakers, it is also more front and may even be phonetically identical to the vowel of sœur [sœʁ].
  5. In European French, /œ̃/ is often replaced by [ɛ̃].
  6. Stress falls on the last full syllable of a phrase, except in emphatic speech.
  7. Used sparingly.
  8. Latent final consonant is pronounced before a following vowel sound.
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