មែនឈេសទ័រ

Manchester
City and Metropolitan borough
Clockwise from top: Skyline of Manchester City Centre, Beetham Tower, Manchester Civil Justice Centre, Midland Hotel, One Angel Square, Manchester Town Hall

Coat of arms
រហស្សនាម: " Cottonopolis", " Warehouse City", Madchester
Motto: "Concilio Et Labore" "By wisdom and effort"
Manchester shown within Greater Manchester
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Constituent country England
Region North West England
City region Manchester
Ceremonial county ទំព័រគំរូ:ទិន្នន័យប្រទេស Greater Manchester
Historic county Lancashire
(north of River Mersey)
Cheshire
(south of River Mersey)
Founded 1st century
Town charter 1301
City status 29 March 1853
Administrative HQ Manchester ( Town Hall)
រដ្ឋាភិបាល
 • ប្រភេទ Metropolitan borough
 • Body Manchester City Council
 •  Leadership Leader and Cabinet
 •  Executive ទំព័រគំរូ:English district control
 • Leader Sir Richard Leese
 •  Lord Mayor Carl Austin-Behan [១]
 •  Chief Executive Joanne Roney
ផ្ទៃក្រឡា
 •  City Formatting error: invalid input when rounding ម៉ាយ ការ ( ទំព័រគំរូ:English district area គម)
 • Urban ២៤៣,៤ ម៉ាយ ការ (៦៣០,៣ គម)
ចំណាត់ថ្នាក់ផ្ទៃក្រឡា [[List of English districts by area| ទំព័រគំរូ:English district area rank]]
រយៈកំពស់ ១២៥ ភ (៣៨ ម)
ប្រជាជន ( ទំព័រគំរូ:English statistics year)
 •  City ទំព័រគំរូ:English district population
 • ចំណាត់ថ្នាក់ [[List of English districts by population| ទំព័រគំរូ:English district rank]]
 •  Urban ២,៥៥៣,៣៧៩ ( ២nd)
 • Urban density ១០៤៩០/ម៉ាយ ការ (៤០៥១/គម)
 •  Metro ២,៧៩៤,០០០ ( ៣rd)
 • Ethnicity [២] White groups (៦៦,៧% )
Asian (១៤,៤%)
Black (៨,៦%)
Mixed (៤,៧%)
Chinese (២,៧%)
Arab (១,៩%)
Other (១,២%)
ប្រជានាម Mancunian
Manc (colloq.)
ល្វែងម៉ោង Greenwich Mean Time ( ម.ស.ស.+0)
 • Summer ( DST) British Summer Time ( UTC+1)
Postcode areas M
WA
Dialling code 0161
ក្រមអ.ម.អ. ៣១៦៦ GB-MAN
GSS code E08000003
NUTS 3 code UKD33
OS grid reference SJ838980
Motorways M56
M60
A57(M)
A635(M)
Trunk primary routes A5103
Major railway stations Manchester Airport ( B)
Manchester Oxford Road ( C1)
Manchester Piccadilly ( A)
Manchester Victoria ( B)
Tramways Metrolink
International airports Manchester ( MAN)
GDP US$ 92.3 billion [៣]
- Per capita US$ 35,029 [៣]
MPs Graham Stringer ( L)
Lucy Powell ( L)
Sir Gerald Kaufman ( L)
Jeff Smith ( L)
Mike Kane ( L)
Councillors 96
European Parliament North West England
Police area Greater Manchester
Fire service Greater Manchester
Ambulance service North West
គេហទំព័រ www.manchester.gov.uk

មែនឈេសទ័រ ({{lang-en|Manchester; / /) [៤] គឺជាទីក្រុងមួយនៅ សហរាជាណាចក្រ មានចំនួនប្រជាជន ៥៣០.៣០០ នាក់ (ឆ្នាំ ២០១៥)។ [៥] វាស្ថិតនោក្នុង តំបន់ទីក្រុងមានប្រជាជនច្រើនបំផុតទីពីររបស់សហរាជាណាចក្រ ដែលមានចំនួនប្រជាជន ២,៥៥ លាននាក់។ [៦] មែនឈេសទ័រត្រូវបានអមដោយ Cheshire Plain ទៅភាគខាងត្បូង, the Pennines ទៅភាគខាងជើងនិងខាងកើតto the north and east and an arc of towns with which it forms a continuous conurbation. អាជ្ញាធរប្រចាំតំបន់គឺជា ក្រុមប្រឹក្សាទីក្រុងមែនឈេសទ័រ។

The recorded ប្រវត្តិសាស្រ្តមែនឈេសទ័រ បានចាប់ផ្តើមជាមួយនឹងការតាំងទីលំនៅស៊ីវិលភ្ជាប់ជាមួយ រ៉ូម៉ាំង fort of Mamucium or Mancunium, ដែលបានបង្កើតឡើងនៅប្រហែល AD 79 នៅលើការបោកបញ្ឆោតថ្មភក់មួយនៅជិតចំណុចប្រសព្វនៃទន្លេ មេតល៉ោក និង អ័រវ៉ែល។ វាគឹជាផ្នែកមួយនៃ លាំងហ្គាស៊ី នៅប្រវត្តិសាស្ត្រ បើទោះបីជាតំបន់នៃ ឈេសស៊ី ភាគខាងត្បូងនៃ ទន្លេមើស៊ី ត្រូវបានដាក់បញ្ចូលនៅក្នុងសតវត្សរ៍ទី ២០។ [៧] នៅទូទាំង មជ្ឈឹមវ័យ មែនឈេសទ័រ remained a manorial township but began to expand "at an astonishing rate" around the turn of the 19th century. Manchester's unplanned urbanisation was brought on by a boom in textile manufacture during the Industrial Revolution, [៨] and resulted in it becoming the world's first industrialised city. [៩]

Manchester achieved city status in 1853. The Manchester Ship Canal opened in 1894, creating the Port of Manchester and linking the city to sea, ៣៦ ម៉ាយល៍ (៥៨ គ.ម.) to the west. Its fortunes declined after the Second World War, owing to deindustrialisation, but the IRA bombing in 1996 led to extensive investment and regeneration. [១០]

In 2014, the Globalization and World Cities Research Network ranked Manchester as a beta world city, the highest-ranked British city apart from London. [១១] Manchester is the third-most visited city in the UK. [១២] It is notable for its architecture, culture, musical exports, media links, scientific and engineering output, social impact, sports clubs and transport connections. Manchester Liverpool Road railway station was the world's first inter-city passenger railway station and in the city scientists first split the atom and developed the stored-program computer.

Name

The name Manchester originates from the Latin name Mamucium or its variant Mancunium and the citizens are still referred to as Mancunians ( / /). These are generally thought to represent a Latinisation of an original Brittonic name, either from mamm- (" breast", in reference to a " breast-like hill") or from mamma (" mother", in reference to a local river goddess). Both meanings are preserved in languages derived from Common Brittonic, mam meaning "breast" in Irish and "mother" in Welsh. [១៣] The suffix -chester is a survival of Old English ceaster ("fort; fortified town"). [១៤]

Other Languages
Afrikaans: Manchester
አማርኛ: ማንችስተር
aragonés: Manchester
Ænglisc: Mameceaster
العربية: مانشستر
مصرى: مانشستر
azərbaycanca: Mançester
تۆرکجه: منچستر
беларуская: Манчэстэр
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Манчэстэр
български: Манчестър
brezhoneg: Manchester
bosanski: Manchester
català: Manchester
нохчийн: Манчестер
کوردی: مەنچستەر
čeština: Manchester
Cymraeg: Manceinion
dansk: Manchester
Deutsch: Manchester
Ελληνικά: Μάντσεστερ
English: Manchester
Esperanto: Manĉestro
español: Mánchester
eesti: Manchester
euskara: Manchester
estremeñu: Manchester
فارسی: منچستر
suomi: Manchester
føroyskt: Manchester
français: Manchester
Frysk: Manchester
Gaeilge: Manchain
Gàidhlig: Manchester
galego: Manchester
Gaelg: Manchuin
Hausa: Manchester
客家語/Hak-kâ-ngî: Manchester
עברית: מנצ'סטר
हिन्दी: मैन्चेस्टर
hrvatski: Manchester
magyar: Manchester
Հայերեն: Մանչեստր
Bahasa Indonesia: Manchester
Interlingue: Manchester
íslenska: Manchester
italiano: Manchester
ქართული: მანჩესტერი
Qaraqalpaqsha: Manchester
Taqbaylit: Manchester
қазақша: Манчестер
한국어: 맨체스터
Кыргызча: Манчестер
Latina: Mancunium
Limburgs: Manchester
lietuvių: Mančesteris
latviešu: Mančestra
македонски: Манчестер
монгол: Манчестер
मराठी: मँचेस्टर
Bahasa Melayu: Manchester
မြန်မာဘာသာ: မန်ချက်စတာမြို့
مازِرونی: منچستر
Nedersaksies: Mesjester (Engeland)
Nederlands: Manchester
norsk nynorsk: Manchester
norsk: Manchester
Nouormand: Manchêtre
occitan: Manchester
ਪੰਜਾਬੀ: ਮਾਨਚੈਸਟਰ
polski: Manchester
Piemontèis: Manchester
پنجابی: مانچسٹر
português: Manchester
Runa Simi: Manchester
română: Manchester
armãneashti: Manchester
русский: Манчестер
sardu: Manchester
sicilianu: Manchester
Scots: Manchester
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Manchester
Simple English: Manchester
slovenčina: Manchester
slovenščina: Manchester
Soomaaliga: Manchester
shqip: Manchester
српски / srpski: Манчестер
svenska: Manchester
Kiswahili: Manchester
ślůnski: Manchester
తెలుగు: మాంచెస్టర్
Tagalog: Manchester
Türkçe: Manchester
татарча/tatarça: Mançester
ئۇيغۇرچە / Uyghurche: Manchéstér
українська: Манчестер
اردو: مانچسٹر
oʻzbekcha/ўзбекча: Manchester
vèneto: Manchester
vepsän kel’: Mančester
Tiếng Việt: Manchester
Volapük: Manchester
Winaray: Manchester
吴语: 曼彻斯特
მარგალური: მანჩესტერი
ייִדיש: מאנטשעסטער
Zeêuws: Manchester
中文: 曼彻斯特
Bân-lâm-gú: Manchester
粵語: 曼徹斯特