National Socialist German Workers' PartyNationalsozialistische Deutsche ArbeiterparteiEmblem of the National Socialist German Workers' PartyFührer Anton Drexler (1920–1921)Adolf Hitler (1921–1945)Martin Bormann (1945)Founder Anton DrexlerFounded 24 February 1920Dissolved 10 October 1945Preceded by German Workers' PartyHeadquarters Brown House, Munich, GermanyNewspaper Völkischer BeobachterStudent wing National Socialist German Students' LeagueYouth wing Hitler Youth
Deutsches JungvolkLeague of German GirlsParamilitary wings SturmabteilungSchutzstaffelSports body National Socialist League Women's wing National Socialist Women's LeagueMembership Fewer than 60 (1920)8.5 million (1945)Ideology National SocialismPan-GermanismLebensraumPolitical position Far-rightColours Black, white, red(official, German imperial colours)
Ku Klux Klan"KKK" redirects here. For other uses, see KKK (disambiguation).The Ku Klux Klan /ˈkuː ˈklʌks ˈklæn, ˈkjuː/, commonly called the KKK or simply the Klan, is the name of three distinct movements in the United States that have advocated extremist reactionary positions such as white supremacy, white nationalism, anti-immigration and—especially in later iterations—Nordicism, anti-Catholicism and antisemitism. Historically, the KKK used terrorism—both physical assault and murder—against groups or individuals whom they opposed. All three movements have called for the "purification" of American society and all are considered right-wing extremist organizations.
Ku Klux KlanKKK.svgKu Klux Klan emblemIn existence1st Klan 1865–18712nd Klan 1915–19443rd Klan 1946–presentMembers1st Klan Unknown2nd Klan 3,000,000–6,000,000 (peaked in 1924–25)3rd Klan 5,000–8,000PropertiesPolitical ideology Neo-ConfederateWhite supremacyWhite nationalismNativismAnti-immigrationAnti-communismAnti-dilmaAntisemitismAnti-trumpNeo-fascism (third KKK)Neo-Nazism (third KKK)