Benua Amerika

Benua Amerika
Americas (orthographic projection).svg
Luas42.549.000 km2 (16.428.000 mi2)
Penduduk954.000.000 (perkiraan Juli 2013) [1]
DemonimAmerican,[2] New Worlder,[3] and Pan-American[4] are used (see usage)
Negara35
BahasaSpanyol
Inggris
Portgis
Perancis
Quechua
Haitian Creole
Guaraní
Aymara
Nahuatl
Belanda
dan lain-lain
Zona waktuUTC-10 to UTC
Kota besar
Peta wilayah benua Amerika.

Benua Amerika adalah sebuah benua di dunia yang merujuk kepada wilayah daratan di antara Samudra Pasifik dan Samudra Atlantik. Benua Amerika adalah benua terbesar ke 2 di dunia setelah Benua Asia .Luas wilayahnya ± 42.292.000 Km². Benua ini umumnya dibagi menjadi 3 yaitu Amerika Utara, Amerika Tengah, dan Amerika Selatan. Istilah ini juga merujuk kepada wilayah Karibia, pulau-pulau sekitar Laut Karibia, dan Greenland (namun bukan Islandia).Wilayah Amerika Tengah merupakan daratan sempit memanjang yang menghubungkan antara Amerika Utara dan Amerika Selatan. Secara astronomis, Benua Amerika terletak antara 72° LU - 59° LS dan 36° BB - 163° BB. Secara geografis, letak Benua Amerika sebelah Barat berbatasan dengan Samudera Pasifik dan Laut Bering, sebelah timur berbatasan dengan Samudera Atlantik dan Laut Karibia, sebelah utara berbatasan dengan Laut Es dan Selat Davis, dan sebelah selatan berbatasan dengan Laut Kutub Selatan. Nama Amerika diambil dari nama pertama orang Eropa yang menjelajahi benua ini yaitu "Amerigo Vespucci."

Negara dan Teritori

Negara/teritori Luas wilayah
(km²)[5]
Penduduk
[note 1]
Pop.
density
(per km²)
Bahasa (official in bold) Ibukota PDB (GDP (Nominal))
USD in 2014[1][6]
PDB (PPP)
USD in 2014[1][7]
 Anguilla (United Kingdom) &1000000000000009100000091 &1000000000001345200000013.452 &10000000000001648000000164,8 English The Valley &10000000175400000000000$175.400.000
 Antigua and Barbuda &10000000000000442000000442 &1000000000008629500000086.295 &10000000000001991000000199,1 Creole,[8] English St. John's &10000001605000000000000$1.605.000.000
 Argentina &100000000027668900000002.766.890 &1000000004266950000000042.669.500 &1000000000000014300000014,3 Spanish Buenos Aires &10000540197000000000000$540.197.000.000 &10000947573000000000000$947.573.000.000
 Aruba (Netherlands) &10000000000000180000000180 &10000000000101484000000101.484 &10000000000005944000000594,4 Papiamentu, Spanish,[9] Dutch Oranjestad &10000002516000000000000$2.516.000.000
 Bahamas, The &1000000000001394300000013.943 &10000000000351461000000351.461 &1000000000000024500000024,5 Creole,[10] English Nassau &10000011240000000000000$11.240.000.000
 Barbados &10000000000000430000000430 &10000000000285000000000285.000 &10000000000005953000000595,3 Bajan,[11] English Bridgetown &10000007169000000000000$7.169.000.000
 Belize &1000000000002296600000022.966 &10000000000349728000000349.728 &1000000000000013400000013,4 Spanish, Kriol, English[12] Belmopan &10000003048000000000000$3.048.000.000
 Bermuda (United Kingdom) &1000000000000005400000054 &1000000000006423700000064.237 &100000000000120370000001.203,7 English Hamilton &10000005600000000000000$5.600.000.000
 Bolivia &100000000010985800000001.098.580 &1000000001002725400000010.027.254 &100000000000000840000008,4 Spanish and 36 indigenous languages La Paz and Sucre [13] &10000034176000000000000$34.176.000.000 &10000069963000000000000$69.963.000.000
 Bonaire (Netherlands) &10000000000000294000000294 &1000000000001209300000012.093 &1000000000000041100000041,1 Papiamentu, Spanish, Dutch[14] Kralendijk
 Brazil &100000000085148770000008.514.877 &10000000203106000000000203.106.000 &1000000000000023600000023,6 Portuguese Brasília &10002346118000000000000$2.346.118.000.000 &10003263866000000000000$3.263.866.000.000
 British Virgin Islands (United Kingdom) &10000000000000151000000151 &1000000000002953700000029.537 &10000000000001523000000152,3 English Road Town &10000000500000000000000$500.000.000
 Canada &100000000099846700000009.984.670 &1000000003542752400000035.427.524 &100000000000000340000003,4 English, French Ottawa &10001786655000000000000$1.786.655.000.000 &10001566925000000000000$1.566.925.000.000
 Cayman Islands (United Kingdom) &10000000000000264000000264 &1000000000005545600000055.456 &10000000000002121000000212,1 English George Town &10000002250000000000000$2.250.000.000
 Chile[15] &10000000000756950000000756.950 &1000000001777300000000017.773.000 &1000000000000002200000022 Spanish Santiago &10000258062000000000000$258.062.000.000 &10000396923000000000000$396.923.000.000
Templat:Country data Clipperton Island (France) &100000000000000060000006[16] &100000000000000000000000[17] &100000000000000000000000,0 Uninhabited  — &10000000000000000000000$0
 Colombia &100000000011389100000001.138.910 &1000000004775700000000047.757.000 &1000000000000004000000040 Spanish Bogotá &10000377740000000000000$377.740.000.000 &10000638357000000000000$638.357.000.000
 Costa Rica &1000000000005110000000051.100 &100000000046670960000004.667.096 &1000000000000089600000089,6 Spanish San José &10000049553000000000000$49.553.000.000 &10000070974000000000000$70.974.000.000
 Cuba &10000000000109886000000109.886 &1000000001116732500000011.167.325 &10000000000001020000000102,0 Spanish Havana &10000077150000000000000$77.150.000.000 &10000234193000000000000$234.193.000.000
 Curaçao (Netherlands) &10000000000000444000000444 &10000000000150563000000150.563 &10000000000003171000000317,1 Papiamentu, Dutch[14] Willemstad &10000002838000000000000$2.838.000.000
 Dominica &10000000000000751000000751 &1000000000007129300000071.293 &1000000000000089200000089,2 French Patois, English[18] Roseau &10000001018000000000000$1.018.000.000
 Dominican Republic &1000000000004867100000048.671 &1000000001037826700000010.378.267 &10000000000002073000000207,3 Spanish Santo Domingo &10000063969000000000000$63.969.000.000 &10000138007000000000000$138.007.000.000
 Ecuador &10000000000283560000000283.560 &1000000001581940000000015.819.400 &1000000000000053800000053,8 Spanish, Quechua[19] Quito &10000100543000000000000$100.543.000.000 &10000180493000000000000$180.493.000.000
 El Salvador &1000000000002104100000021.041 &100000000064012400000006.401.240 &10000000000002930000000293,0 Spanish San Salvador &10000025220000000000000$25.220.000.000 &10000050944000000000000$50.944.000.000
 Falkland Islands (United Kingdom)[20] &1000000000001217300000012.173 &100000000000030000000003.000 &100000000000000260000000,26 English Stanley &10000000164500000000000$164.500.000
 French Guiana (France) &1000000000009100000000091.000 &10000000000237549000000237.549 &100000000000000270000002,7 French Cayenne
 Greenland (Denmark) &100000000021660860000002.166.086 &1000000000005648300000056.483 &100000000000000260000000,026 Greenlandic, Danish Nuuk (Godthåb) &10000002133000000000000$2.133.000.000
 Grenada &10000000000000344000000344 &10000000000103328000000103.328 &10000000000003023000000302,3 English St. George's &10000001467000000000000$1.467.000.000
 Guadeloupe (France) &100000000000016280000001.628 &10000000000405739000000405.739 &10000000000002467000000246,7 French Basse-Terre
 Guatemala &10000000000108889000000108.889 &1000000001580667500000015.806.675 &10000000000001288000000128,8 Spanish, Garifuna and 23 Mayan languages Guatemala City &10000058728000000000000$58.728.000.000 &10000119375000000000000$119.375.000.000
 Guyana &10000000000214999000000214.999 &10000000000784894000000784.894 &100000000000000350000003,5 English Georgetown &10000006256000000000000$6.256.000.000
 Haiti &1000000000002775000000027.750 &1000000001074566500000010.745.665 &10000000000003615000000361,5 Creole, French Port-au-Prince &10000013150000000000000$13.150.000.000
 Honduras &10000000000112492000000112.492 &100000000085550720000008.555.072 &1000000000000066400000066,4 Spanish Tegucigalpa &10000019385000000000000$19.385.000.000 &10000036487000000000000$36.487.000.000
 Jamaica &1000000000001099100000010.991 &100000000027179910000002.717.991 &10000000000002474000000247,4 Patois, English Kingston &10000025620000000000000$25.620.000.000
 Martinique (France) &100000000000011280000001.128 &10000000000392291000000392.291 &10000000000003526000000352,6 Patois,[21] French Fort-de-France
 Mexico &100000000019643750000001.964.375 &10000000119713203000000119.713.203 &1000000000000057100000057,1 Spanish, 68 indigenous languages Mexico City &10001282720000000000000$1.282.720.000.000 &10002125257000000000000$2.125.257.000.000
 Montserrat (United Kingdom) &10000000000000102000000102 &100000000000049220000004.922 &1000000000000058800000058,8 Creole English, English[22] Plymouth; Brades[23] &10000000043780000000000$43.780.000
Templat:Country data Navassa Island (United States) &100000000000000050000005[16] &100000000000000000000000[17] &100000000000000000000000,0 Uninhabited  — &10000000000000000000000$0
 Nicaragua &10000000000130373000000130.373 &100000000060710450000006.071.045 &1000000000000044100000044,1 Spanish Managua &10000027100000000000000$27.100.000.000
 Panama &1000000000007541700000075.417 &100000000034058130000003.405.813 &1000000000000045800000045,8 Spanish Panama City &10000046213000000000000$46.213.000.000 &10000080811000000000000$80.811.000.000
 Paraguay &10000000000406750000000406.750 &100000000067833740000006.783.374 &1000000000000015600000015,6 Guaraní, Spanish Asunción &10000030985000000000000$30.985.000.000 &10000058280000000000000$58.280.000.000
 Peru &100000000012852200000001.285.220 &1000000003081417500000030.814.175 &1000000000000002200000022 Spanish, Quechua, Aymara Lima &10000202903000000000000$202.903.000.000 &10000371347000000000000$371.347.000.000
 Puerto Rico (United States) &100000000000088700000008.870 &100000000036150860000003.615.086 &10000000000004489000000448,9 Spanish, English San Juan &10000103135000000000000$103.135.000.000 &10000125630000000000000$125.630.000.000
 Saba (Netherlands) &1000000000000001300000013 &100000000000015370000001.537[24] &10000000000001182000000118,2 English, Dutch The Bottom
 Saint Barthélemy (France) &1000000000000002100000021[16] &100000000000089380000008.938[17] &10000000000003547000000354,7 French Gustavia
 Saint Kitts and Nevis &10000000000000261000000261 &1000000000005500000000055.000 &10000000000001992000000199,2 English Basseterre &10000000946300000000000$946.300.000
 Saint Lucia &10000000000000539000000539 &10000000000180000000000180.000 &10000000000003191000000319,1 English, French Creole Castries &10000002233000000000000$2.233.000.000
 Saint Martin (France) &1000000000000005400000054[16] &1000000000003697900000036.979 &10000000000005522000000552,2 French Marigot &10000000561500000000000$561.500.000
Flag of Saint-Pierre and Miquelon.svg Saint Pierre and Miquelon (France) &10000000000000242000000242 &100000000000060810000006.081 &1000000000000024800000024,8 French Saint-Pierre &10000000215300000000000$215.300.000
 Saint Vincent and the Grenadines &10000000000000389000000389 &10000000000109000000000109.000 &10000000000002802000000280,2 English Kingstown &10000001312000000000000$1.312.000.000
 Sint Eustatius (Netherlands) &1000000000000002100000021 &100000000000027390000002.739[24] &10000000000001304000000130,4 Dutch, English Oranjestad
 Sint Maarten (Netherlands) &1000000000000003400000034 &1000000000003742900000037.429 &100000000000117670000001.176,7 English, Spanish, Dutch Philipsburg &10000000798300000000000$798.300.000
Bendera Georgia Selatan dan Kepulauan Sandwich Selatan South Georgia and
South Sandwich Islands
(UK)
[25]
&100000000000030930000003.093 &1000000000000002000000020 &100000000000000010000000,01 English Grytviken
 Suriname &10000000000163270000000163.270 &10000000000534189000000534.189 &100000000000000030000003 Dutch and others[26] Paramaribo &10000006874000000000000$6.874.000.000
 Trinidad and Tobago &100000000000051300000005.130 &100000000013280190000001.328.019 &10000000000002610000000261,0 English Port of Spain &10000024434000000000000$24.434.000.000 &10000040832000000000000$40.832.000.000
 Turks and Caicos Islands (UK) &10000000000000948000000948 &1000000000003145800000031.458 &1000000000000034800000034,8 Creole English, English[27] Cockburn Town &10000000632000000000000$632.000.000
 United States[note 2] &100000000096290910000009.629.091 &10000000320206000000000320.206.000 &1000000000000034200000034,2 English, Spanish Washington, D.C. &10017419000000000000000$17.419.000.000.000 &10017419000000000000000$17.419.000.000.000
 U.S. Virgin Islands (United States) &10000000000000347000000347 &10000000000106405000000106.405 &10000000000003170000000317,0 English, Spanish Charlotte Amalie
 Uruguay &10000000000176220000000176.220 &100000000032863140000003.286.314 &1000000000000019400000019,4 Spanish Montevideo &10000057471000000000000$57.471.000.000 &10000071414000000000000$71.414.000.000
 Venezuela &10000000000916445000000916.445 &1000000003020630700000030.206.307 &1000000000000030200000030,2 Spanish and 40 indigenous languages Caracas &10000509964000000000000$509.964.000.000 &10000538932000000000000$538.932.000.000
Total &1000000004232098500000042.320.985 &10000000973186925000000973.186.925 &1000000000000021900000021,9 &10024864000000000000000$24.864.000.000.000
En otros idiomas
Acèh: Amirika
адыгабзэ: Америкэ
Afrikaans: Amerikas
Akan: Amerika
አማርኛ: አሜሪካዎች
aragonés: America
العربية: أمريكتان
ܐܪܡܝܐ: ܐܡܪܝܩܐ
asturianu: América
Aymar aru: Awya Yala
azərbaycanca: Amerika
башҡортса: Америка
Boarisch: Amerika
žemaitėška: Amerėka
Bikol Central: Amerika
беларуская: Амерыка
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Амэрыка
български: Америка
Bislama: Amerika
Bahasa Banjar: Amirika
brezhoneg: Amerika
bosanski: Amerika
буряад: Америкэ
català: Amèrica
Mìng-dĕ̤ng-ngṳ̄: Mī-ciŭ
нохчийн: Америка
Tsetsêhestâhese: Amérika
čeština: Amerika
Cymraeg: Yr Amerig
dansk: Amerika
Deutsch: Amerika
Zazaki: Amerika
dolnoserbski: Amerika
ދިވެހިބަސް: އެމެރިކާބައްރު
Ελληνικά: Αμερική
English: Americas
Esperanto: Ameriko
español: América
eesti: Ameerika
euskara: Amerika
estremeñu: América
Fulfulde: Aameerik
Võro: Ameeriga
français: Amérique
arpetan: Amèrica
furlan: Americhis
Gaeilge: Meiriceá
Gagauz: Amerika
贛語: 美洲
Gàidhlig: Na h-Aimearagan
galego: América
Avañe'ẽ: Amérika
गोंयची कोंकणी / Gõychi Konknni: अमेरिका खंड
ગુજરાતી: અમેરિકા
Hausa: Amurka
עברית: אמריקה
हिन्दी: महाअमेरिका
Fiji Hindi: The Americas
hrvatski: Amerika
hornjoserbsce: Amerika
Kreyòl ayisyen: Amerik
Հայերեն: Ամերիկա
interlingua: America
Interlingue: America
Igbo: Amerikas
Ilokano: Kaamerikaan
Ido: Amerika
íslenska: Ameríka
italiano: America
日本語: アメリカ州
Patois: Amoerkaz
Basa Jawa: Bawana Amérika
ქართული: ამერიკა
Qaraqalpaqsha: Amerika
Taqbaylit: Tamrikt
Kongo: Amelika
қазақша: Америка
kalaallisut: Amerika
ភាសាខ្មែរ: ទ្វីបអាមេរិក
ಕನ್ನಡ: ಅಮೆರಿಕ
한국어: 아메리카
Перем Коми: Америка
коми: Америка
kernowek: Amerika
Кыргызча: Америка
Latina: America
Ladino: Amerika
Lëtzebuergesch: Amerika (Kontinent)
лезги: Америка
Limburgs: Amerika
Ligure: Americhe
lumbaart: America
lingála: Ameríka
lietuvių: Amerika
latviešu: Amerika
Basa Banyumasan: Bawana Amerika
мокшень: Америка
Malagasy: Amerika
олык марий: Америка
македонски: Америка
മലയാളം: അമേരിക്കകൾ
монгол: Америк тив
кырык мары: Америка
Bahasa Melayu: Benua Amerika
Mirandés: América
မြန်မာဘာသာ: အမေရိက
مازِرونی: آمریکا قاره
Nāhuatl: Ixachitlan
Napulitano: Amereca
Plattdüütsch: Amerika
norsk nynorsk: Amerika
norsk: Amerika
Nouormand: Améthique
Sesotho sa Leboa: Amerika
occitan: America
Oromoo: Ameerikaas
Ирон: Америкæ
Pangasinan: Amerika
Papiamentu: Amérika
Picard: Anmérikes
polski: Ameryka
Piemontèis: América
Ποντιακά: Αμερικήν
português: América
română: America
русский: Америка
русиньскый: Америка
Kinyarwanda: Amerika
саха тыла: Америка
sardu: Amèrica
Scots: Americae
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Amerike
Simple English: Americas
slovenčina: Amerika (svetadiel)
Gagana Samoa: Amerika
chiShona: America (dzose)
Soomaaliga: Ameerika
српски / srpski: Америке
Sranantongo: Amrika
SiSwati: IMelika
Sesotho: Amerika
Seeltersk: Amerikoa
Basa Sunda: Amérika (buana)
svenska: Amerika
Kiswahili: Amerika
ślůnski: Amerika
tetun: Amérika
Türkmençe: Amerika
Tagalog: Kaamerikahan
lea faka-Tonga: ʻAmelika
Türkçe: Amerika
reo tahiti: Marite
ئۇيغۇرچە / Uyghurche: ئامېرىكا قىتئەسى
українська: Америка
اردو: امریکین
oʻzbekcha/ўзбекча: Amerika (qitʼa)
vèneto: Mèrica
vepsän kel’: Amerik
Tiếng Việt: Châu Mỹ
walon: Amerike
Winaray: Kaamerikanhan
Wolof: Aamerig
吴语: 美洲
მარგალური: ამერიკა
ייִדיש: אמעריקע
Yorùbá: Amẹ́ríkà
Vahcuengh: Meijcouh
中文: 美洲
Bân-lâm-gú: Bí-chiu
粵語: 美洲