Josef Stalin
English: Joseph Stalin

Josef Stalin
JStalin Secretary general CCCP 1942.jpgStalin office.jpgStalin Full Image.jpg
Sexomascule
Nascentia1879-12-09, 1878-12-06, 1878-12-18 (Gori)
Decesso1953-03-05 (Kuntsevo Dacha)
Causa de decessocerebral hemorrhage[*]
Loco de reposoLenin's Mausoleum[*], Kremlin Wall Necropolis[*]
SupernomineКоба, Uncle Joe
EthnicitateGeorgians[*], Ossetians[*]
CitataniaImperio Russe, Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic[*], Union Sovietic
Educate inTbilisi Theological Seminary[*], Gori school[*]
Occupationpolitico[*], revolutionario[*], author[*]
Partito politicCommunist Party of the Soviet Union[*], Mesame Dasi[*], Russian Social Democratic Labour Party[*], Russian Social Democratic Labour Party (bolshevik)[*]
Religionatheismo, Apostasy in Catholicism[*]
ConjugeEkaterina Svanidze[*], Nadezhda Alliluyeva[*]
InfantesYakov Dzhugashvili[*], Vasily Dzhugashvili[*], Svetlana Alliluyeva[*], Konstantin Kuzakov[*], Artem Sergeev[*]
Parentesmatre Keke Geladze[*] patre Besarion Jughashvili[*]
PremiosOrder of Lenin[*], Medal "For the Victory over Japan"[*], Medal "For the Victory over Germany in the Great Patriotic War 1941–1945"[*], Order of the Red Banner[*], Hero of Socialist Labour[*], Hero of the Soviet Union[*], Order of Victory[*], Order of Lenin[*], Order of the Red Banner[*], Jubilee Medal "XX Years of the Workers' and Peasants' Red Army"[*], Order of the Republic (Tuva)[*], Czechoslovak War Cross 1939–1945[*], Order of Suvorov, 1st class[*], Order of the Red Star[*], Medal "For the Defence of Moscow"[*], Order of the Red Banner[*], Order of Sukhbaatar[*], Czechoslovak War Cross 1939–1945[*], Order of the White Lion[*], Medal "For the Victory over Japan" of Mongolia[*], Medal "In Commemoration of the 800th Anniversary of Moscow"[*], Order of Sukhbaatar[*], Order of Lenin[*], Hero of the Mongolian People's Republic[*], Time Person of the Year[*], Time Person of the Year[*], Honorary citizen of Prague[*], Honorary citizenship of České Budějovice[*], Order of Victory[*]
LinguaGeorgian[*], russo
SignaturaJoseph Stalin Signature.svg
Identificatores
ISNI0000 0001 2145 7825
VIAF101787139
IMDBnm0821672
CommonsJoseph Stalin

Josef Stalin, nascite Iosif Vissarionovič Džugašvili, russo: Иосиф Виссарионович Джугашвили, georgiano: იოსებ ბესარიონის ძე ჯუღაშვილი (18 de decembre 18785 de martio 1953) esseva le Secretario General del Partito Communista de 1922 usque su morte in 1953. In le annos post le morte de Vladimir Lenin in 1924, ille se faceva le capite del Union Sovietic. Stalin initiava un economia commandate, reimplaciante le Nove Policia Economic del annos 1920 con su "Planos pro Cinque Annos" e initiava un era de industrialisation rapide e collectivisation economic.

In le annos 1930, Stalin initiava le Purga Magne (etiam cognoscite como le "Terror Magne"), un campania pro purgar le Partito Communista de gente accusate de sabotage, terrorismo, o traition; le purga tosto se extendeva al militar e al alteres sectores del societate sovietic. Le accusate frequentemente esseva executate, imprisionate in campos de labor (nominate gulag), e in le annos depost, milliones de personas de minoritates ethnic esseva deportate. Etiam, le tumulto del sector agricultural del economia del Union Sovietic causate per le economia planate causava fame extensive, notabilemente le fame catastrophic sovietic de 1932 e 1933 (cognoscite in Ukraina como le Holodomor).

Stalin esseva le capite del governamento del Union Sovietic quando in 1939 ille firmava le Pacto de Molotov-Ribbentrop, que securava le frontieras del est del Union Sovietic, facente possibile le invasiones tosto sequente de Polonia, Finlandia, le statos baltic, Bessarabia, e le nord de Bukovina. Quando Germania violava le pacto in 1941, le Union Sovietic jungeva le Alliatos e formava un rolo importante in le disfacta del Axe, con le plus grande costo human de tote le nationes in le guerra. Postea, Stalin contradiceva su dictos del conferentias alliate e installava governamentos communistic in le majoritate de Europa del est, formante un bloco. Iste bloco esseva un parte integral del "Cortina Ferric". Iste initiava un era de antagonismo antioccidental nominate le Guerra Frigide.

Stalin faceva effortios pro augmentar su imagine public, e iste effortios creava un culto de personalitate; ma su successor, Nikita Khruschchev, denunciava su legato e initiava le processo de "destalinisation" del Union Sovietic.

Other Languages
Afrikaans: Josef Stalin
Alemannisch: Josef Stalin
aragonés: Josef Stalin
Ænglisc: Iosep Stalin
العربية: جوزيف ستالين
asturianu: Yósif Stalin
Aymar aru: Iosif Stalin
azərbaycanca: İosif Stalin
تۆرکجه: ايستالین
Boarisch: Josef Stalin
žemaitėška: Josips Stalėns
Bikol Central: Josep Stalin
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Ёсіф Сталін
български: Йосиф Сталин
Bislama: Joseph Stalin
brezhoneg: Jozef Stalin
bosanski: Josif Staljin
Chavacano de Zamboanga: Joseph Stalin
Mìng-dĕ̤ng-ngṳ̄: Joseph Stalin
Cebuano: Joseph Stalin
Cymraeg: Joseff Stalin
Deutsch: Josef Stalin
dolnoserbski: Jozef Stalin
Ελληνικά: Ιωσήφ Στάλιν
emiliàn e rumagnòl: Joseph Stalin
English: Joseph Stalin
Esperanto: Josif Stalin
español: Iósif Stalin
euskara: Iosif Stalin
estremeñu: Josif Stalin
føroyskt: Jósef Stalin
français: Joseph Staline
贛語: 斯大林
Gàidhlig: Iosif Stalin
galego: Iosif Stalin
गोंयची कोंकणी / Gõychi Konknni: Joseph Stalin
客家語/Hak-kâ-ngî: Joseph Stalin
Fiji Hindi: Joseph Stalin
hrvatski: Josif Staljin
hornjoserbsce: Józef Stalin
Kreyòl ayisyen: Stalin
հայերեն: Իոսիֆ Ստալին
Bahasa Indonesia: Josef Stalin
Ilokano: Joseph Stalin
íslenska: Jósef Stalín
italiano: Iosif Stalin
la .lojban.: stalin.
Qaraqalpaqsha: Yosif Stalin
Kabɩyɛ: Joseph Staline
kurdî: Josef Stalin
kernowek: Joseph Stalin
Кыргызча: Иосиф Сталин
Lingua Franca Nova: Josef Stalin
Limburgs: Jozef Stalin
lumbaart: Josif Stalin
لۊری شومالی: جوزف اٛستالین
lietuvių: Josifas Stalinas
latviešu: Josifs Staļins
Malagasy: Joseph Stalin
македонски: Јосиф Сталин
मराठी: स्टॅलिन
Bahasa Melayu: Joseph Stalin
Mirandés: Josef Staline
မြန်မာဘာသာ: ဂျိုးဇတ် စတာလင်
مازِرونی: ژوزف استالین
Napulitano: Stalin
नेपाल भाषा: जोसेफ स्टालिन
Nederlands: Jozef Stalin
norsk nynorsk: Josef Stalin
Livvinkarjala: Josif Stalin
Papiamentu: Joseph Stalin
Norfuk / Pitkern: Josiif Stalin
Piemontèis: Josif Stalin
پنجابی: جوزف سٹالن
Ποντιακά: Ιωσήφ Στάλιν
português: Josef Stalin
Runa Simi: Yosif Stalin
русиньскый: Осиф Сталін
संस्कृतम्: जोसेफ़ स्टालिन
sicilianu: Giuseppi Stalin
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Josif Staljin
Simple English: Joseph Stalin
slovenščina: Josip Stalin
српски / srpski: Јосиф Стаљин
Sesotho: Iosif Stalin
svenska: Josef Stalin
Kiswahili: Josef Stalin
ślůnski: Josif Stalin
తెలుగు: స్టాలిన్
Tagalog: Joseph Stalin
Türkçe: Josef Stalin
татарча/tatarça: Иосиф Сталин
ئۇيغۇرچە / Uyghurche: ستالىن
oʻzbekcha/ўзбекча: Iosif Stalin
vepsän kel’: Stalin Iosif
Volapük: Iosif Stalin
walon: Staline
Winaray: Joseph Stalin
მარგალური: იოსებ სტალინი
Yorùbá: Joseph Stalin
Vahcuengh: Joseph Stalin
文言: 斯大林
Bân-lâm-gú: Iosif Stalin
粵語: 史太林
isiZulu: Joseph Stalin