Zipaquirá

Zipaquirá
Central square of Zipaquirá
Central square of Zipaquirá
Flag of Zipaquirá
Flag
Official seal of Zipaquirá
Seal
Location of the town and municipality of Zipaquirá in Cundinamarca
Location of the town and municipality of Zipaquirá in Cundinamarca
Zipaquirá is located in Colombia
Zipaquirá
Zipaquirá
Location in Colombia
Coordinates: 5°02′00″N 74°00′00″W / 5°02′00″N 74°00′00″W / 5.03333; -74.00000Colombia
DepartamentoCundinamarca
ProvinceCentral Savanna Province
Founded18 July 1600
Founded byLuis Henríquez
Government
 • MayorLuis Alfonso Rodríguez Valbuena
(2016-2019)
Area
 • City197 km2 (76 sq mi)
 • Urban
8 km2 (3 sq mi)
Elevation
2,650 m (8,690 ft)
Population
(2015)
 • City124,376
 • Density630/km2 (1,600/sq mi)
 • Urban
109,146
Demonym(s)Zipaquireño/a
Time zoneUTC-5
Censo DANE 2005
Main square of Zipaquirá
Typical street of Zipaquirá

Zipaquirá (Spanish pronunciation: [sipakiˈɾa]) is a municipality and city of Colombia in the department of Cundinamarca. Its neighboring municipalities are Tausa and Cogua to the north; Nemocón, Gachancipá and Sopó to the east; Cajicá and Tabio to the south; and Subachoque and Pacho to the west. Its seat of municipal government is 49 kilometers from Santa Fe de Bogotá. It is part of the Greater Bogotá Metropolitan Area, and is the capital of the province. It is also the headquarters of the diocese of the same name and that includes much of the Department of Cundinamarca, extending to the centre of Bogotá, the region of Rionegro, the Ubaté Valley, and the region of Guavio.

The town is primarily known for its Salt Cathedral, an underground church built inside a salt mine in a tunnel made as result of the excavation of the salinas. Zipaquirá has an original architecture, and the old city centre is a tourist attraction. Its main square is surrounded by old buildings in the Spanish Colonial style. This small city can be reached by train from Bogotá.

Etymology

In Chibcha, the language of the Muisca, who inhabited the Altiplano Cundiboyacense before the Spanish conquest, the name means "The Land of the zipa". Zipa was the ruler of this territory. Another origin is "City of our father".[1]

Other Languages
Bân-lâm-gú: Zipaquirá
български: Сипакира
català: Zipaquirá
Deutsch: Zipaquirá
español: Zipaquirá
Esperanto: Zipaquirá
فارسی: سیپاگیرا
français: Zipaquirá
Gàidhlig: Zipaquirá
galego: Zipaquirá
한국어: 시파키라
italiano: Zipaquirá
ქართული: სიპაკირა
Ladino: Zipaquirá
Bahasa Melayu: Zipaquirá
Nederlands: Zipaquirá
norsk: Zipaquirá
polski: Zipaquirá
português: Zipaquirá
русский: Сипакира
suomi: Zipaquirá
svenska: Zipaquirá
Tagalog: Zipaquirá
Tiếng Việt: Zipaquirá
Winaray: Zipaquirá
中文: 錫帕基拉