Zhang Yimou

Zhang Yimou
Opening Film CROPPED.jpg
Background information
Chinese name (traditional)
Chinese name (simplified)
BornZhang Yimou (张诒谋)
(1950-04-02) 2 April 1950 (age 68)
Xi'an, Shaanxi, China
ResidenceBeijing, China
Alma materBeijing Film Academy
OccupationFilm director, producer, cinematographer and actor
Spouse(s)Xiao Hua (肖华) (m. 1978–1988)
Chen Ting (陈婷) (m. 2011)
ChildrenZhang Mo
Zhang Yinan
Zhang Yiding
Zhang Yijiao
ParentsZhang Bingjun
Zhang Xiaoyou
SiblingsZhang Weimou
Zhang Qimou
Awards
Golden Rooster Awards
Best Director
1999 Not One Less
2000 The Road Home
2003 Hero
Best Actor
1988 Old Well
Other awards
BAFTA Best Film Not in the English Language
1991 Raise the Red Lantern
1994 To Live
Golden Bear - Berlin International Film Festival
1987 Red Sorghum
Silver Lion - Venice Film Festival
1991 Raise the Red Lantern
Golden Lion - Venice Film Festival
1992 The Story of Qiu Ju
1999 Not One Less
Grand Jury Prize - Cannes Film Festival
1994 To Live
BSFC Award for Best Director
2004 House of Flying Daggers
NSFC Award for Best Director
2004 Hero ; House of Flying Daggers
Zhang Yimou
Zhang Yimou (Chinese characters).svg
"Zhang Yimou" in Simplified (top) and Traditional (bottom) Chinese characters
Simplified Chinese张艺谋
Traditional Chinese張藝謀

Zhang Yimou ([ʈʂáŋ î.mǒu]; born 2 April 1950)[1][2] is a Chinese film director, producer, writer and actor, and former cinematographer.[3] He is part of the Fifth Generation of Chinese filmmakers, having made his directorial debut in 1987 with Red Sorghum.[4]

Zhang has won numerous awards and recognitions, with Best Foreign Film nominations for Ju Dou in 1990, Raise the Red Lantern in 1991, and Hero in 2003, Silver Lion and Golden Lion prizes at the Venice Film Festival, Grand Jury Prize at the Cannes Film Festival, and the Golden Bear at the Berlin International Film Festival.[5] In 1993, he was a member of the jury at the 43rd Berlin International Film Festival.[6] Zhang directed the opening and closing ceremonies of the 2008 Beijing Summer Olympic Games, which received considerable international acclaim.

One of Zhang's recurrent themes is the resilience of Chinese people in the face of hardship and adversity, a theme which has been explored in such films as To Live (1994) and Not One Less (1999). His films are particularly noted for their rich use of colour, as can be seen in some of his early films, like Raise the Red Lantern, and in his wuxia films like Hero and House of Flying Daggers. His highest budgeted film to date is the 2016 monster film The Great Wall, set in Imperial China and starring Matt Damon.

Early life

Zhang was born Zhang Yimou (张诒谋) in Xi'an, the capital of Shaanxi province. Zhang's father, Zhang Bingjun (张秉钧), a dermatologist, had been an officer in the National Revolutionary Army under Chiang Kai-shek during the Chinese Civil War; an uncle, and an elder brother had followed the Nationalist forces to Taiwan after their 1949 defeat. Zhang's mother, Zhang Xiaoyou (张孝友), was a doctor at the 2nd Hospital affiliated Xi'an Jiao Tong University who graduated from Xi'an Medical University. He has two younger brothers, Zhang Weimou (张伟谋) and Zhang Qimou (张启谋).[7] As a result, Zhang faced difficulties in his early life.[8][9]

During the Cultural Revolution of the 1960s and 1970s, Zhang left his school studies and went to work, first as a farm labourer for 3 years, and later at a cotton textile mill for 7 years in the city of Xianyang.[9][10] During this time he took up painting and amateur still photography, selling his own blood to buy his first camera.[11] In 1978, he went to Beijing Film Academy and majored in photography. He has an Honorary Doctorate Degree from Boston University[12] and also one from Yale University.[13]

Other Languages
العربية: زانج ييمو
Bân-lâm-gú: Tiuⁿ Gē-bô͘
català: Zhang Yimou
čeština: Čang I-mou
Deutsch: Zhang Yimou
Ελληνικά: Τζανγκ Γι Μόου
español: Zhang Yimou
Esperanto: Zhang Yimou
فارسی: ژانگ ییمو
français: Zhang Yimou
galego: Zhang Yimou
한국어: 장이머우
Bahasa Indonesia: Zhang Yimou
italiano: Zhang Yimou
Basa Jawa: Zhang Yimou
қазақша: Чжан Имоу
lietuvių: Zhang Yimou
magyar: Csang Ji-mou
Malagasy: Zhang Yimou
മലയാളം: ഴാങ് യിമോ
Bahasa Melayu: Zhang Yimou
Mìng-dĕ̤ng-ngṳ̄: Diŏng Ngiê-mèu
Nederlands: Zhang Yimou
日本語: 張芸謀
norsk nynorsk: Zhang Yimou
polski: Zhang Yimou
português: Zhang Yimou
română: Yimou Zhang
русский: Чжан Имоу
српски / srpski: Џанг Јимоу
svenska: Zhang Yimou
Türkçe: Zhang Yimou
українська: Чжан Їмоу
Tiếng Việt: Trương Nghệ Mưu
吴语: 张艺谋
粵語: 張藝謀
中文: 张艺谋