Zerubbabel and the Davidic Line
Davidic line from
Jeconiah had been cursed by
Jeremiah, saying that no descendant of "Coniah" would ever sit on the throne again (Jer. 22:30). Zerubbabel was of the main Davidic line through Solomon and Jeconiah.
Haggai both give unclear statements regarding Zerubbabel's authority in their
oracles, in which Zerubbabel was either the subject of a false prophecy or the receiver of a divine promotion to kingship. He could also be viewed as a governor of a state within another nation and thus technically "not on the throne" of a nation. Either way, he was given the task of rebuilding the Temple in the second year of the reign of Darius I (520 BC), along with the high priest Joshua son of
Ya'qubi attributed the recovery of the
Torah and the
Books of the Prophets to him instead of
Seder Olam Zutta lists him as the
Babylon to succeed
Shealtiel. The texts are conflicting as to whether Zerubbabel was the son of Shealtiel or his nephew. His son
Meshullam succeeded him as Exilarch, and was followed by another son
Hananiah. His other sons were Hashubah,
1 Chronicles 3:19).