Zen

Huike Offering His Arm to Bodhidharma, Sesshū Tōyō (1496).
Zen
Chinese name
Traditional Chinese
Simplified Chinese
Vietnamese name
VietnameseThiền
Korean name
Hangul
Hanja
Japanese name
Kanji
Sanskrit name
Sanskritdhyāna

Zen (Chinese: ; pinyin: Chán; Korean: , translit. Seon) is a school of Mahayana Buddhism that originated in China during the Tang dynasty as Chan Buddhism. It was strongly influenced by Taoism, and developed as a distinct school of Chinese Buddhism. From China, Chan Buddhism spread south to Vietnam which became Vietnamese Thiền, northeast to Korea and east to Japan, where it became known as Seon Buddhism and Japanese Zen, respectively.[1]

The term Zen is derived from the Japanese pronunciation of the Middle Chinese word 禪 (Chan) which traces its roots to the Indian practice of Dhyāna ("meditation").[note 1] Zen emphasizes rigorous self-control, meditation-practice, insight into Buddha-nature, and the personal expression of this insight in daily life, especially for the benefit of others.[3][4] As such, it de-emphasizes mere knowledge of sutras and doctrine[5][6] and favors direct understanding through zazen and interaction with an accomplished teacher.[7]

The teachings of Zen include various sources of Mahayana thought, especially Yogachara, the Tathāgatagarbha sūtras and the Huayan school, with their emphasis on Buddha-nature, totality, and the Bodhisattva-ideal.[8][9] The Prajñāpāramitā literature[10] and, to a lesser extent, Madhyamaka have also been influential in the shaping of the "paradoxical language" of the Zen-tradition.

Etymology

The word Zen is derived from the Japanese pronunciation of the Middle Chinese word 禪 (dʑjen) (pinyin: Chán), which in turn is derived from the Sanskrit word dhyāna (ध्यान ),[2] which can be approximately translated as "absorption" or "meditative state".[11]

Other Languages
Afrikaans: Zen
Alemannisch: Zen
العربية: زن
aragonés: Zen
asturianu: Zen
azərbaycanca: Dzen
تۆرکجه: ذن
Bân-lâm-gú: Siân-chong
башҡортса: Дзэн
беларуская: Дзэн
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Дзэн
български: Дзен
Boarisch: Zen
བོད་ཡིག: ཟེན།
bosanski: Zen
brezhoneg: Zen
буряад: Дзэн
català: Budisme Zen
čeština: Zen
Cymraeg: Zen
dansk: Zen
Deutsch: Zen
eesti: Zen
Ελληνικά: Ζεν
español: Zen
Esperanto: Zeno
euskara: Zen
فارسی: ذن
français: Zen
Gaeilge: Zen
Gàidhlig: Zen
galego: Zen
한국어: 선 (불교)
հայերեն: Զեն
हिन्दी: झेन
hrvatski: Zen
Ilokano: Zen
Bahasa Indonesia: Zen
interlingua: Zen
íslenska: Sen
italiano: Buddhismo Zen
ქართული: ძენი
қазақша: Дзен буддизм
Kiswahili: Zen
ລາວ: ເຊັນ
Latina: Zen
latviešu: Dzenbudisms
lietuvių: Dzenas
magyar: Zen
македонски: Зен
मराठी: झेन
Bahasa Melayu: Zen
монгол: Зэн буддизм
မြန်မာဘာသာ: ဇင်ဗုဒ္ဓဘာသာ
Nederlands: Zen
日本語:
norsk: Zen
norsk nynorsk: Zenbuddhisme
occitan: Zen
ਪੰਜਾਬੀ: ਜ਼ੈੱਨ
پنجابی: زین
ភាសាខ្មែរ: ហ្ស៉េន
Piemontèis: Zen
polski: Zen
português: Zen
română: Zen
русиньскый: Зен
русский: Дзэн
саха тыла: Дзэн
Scots: Zen
shqip: Zen
Simple English: Zen
slovenčina: Zen-budhizmus
slovenščina: Zen budizem
کوردی: زن
српски / srpski: Зен
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Zen
suomi: Zen
svenska: Zen
Tagalog: Zen
татарча/tatarça: Дзен
తెలుగు: జెన్
ไทย: เซน
Türkçe: Zen
українська: Дзен
Tiếng Việt: Thiền tông
文言: 禪宗
Winaray: Zen
吴语: 禅宗
ייִדיש: זען בודהיזם
粵語: 禪宗
中文: 禅宗
Lingua Franca Nova: Zen