Zanzibar

Zanzibar

Zanzibar (Swahili)
زِنْجِبَار (Arabic)
Zinjibār
Anthem: Mungu ametubarikia  (Swahili)
God has blessed us[1]
Location of Zanzibar within Tanzania.
Location of Zanzibar within Tanzania.
The major islands of Unguja and Pemba in the Indian Ocean.
The major islands of Unguja and Pemba in the Indian Ocean.
StatusSemi-autonomous region of Tanzania
CapitalZanzibar City
Official languages
Ethnic groups
Religion
Demonym(s)Zanzibari
GovernmentFederacy
• President
Ali Mohamed Shein
• Second VP
Seif Ali Iddi
LegislatureHouse of Representatives
Independence from the United Kingdom
10 December 1963
12 January 1964
• Merger
26 April 1964
Area
• Total[citation needed]
2,462 km2 (951 sq mi)
Population
• 2012 census
1,303,569[2]
• Density
529.7/km2 (1,371.9/sq mi)
GDP (nominal)2012 estimate
• Total
$860 million[3]
• Per capita
$656
HDI (2017)0.640[4]
medium
CurrencyTanzanian shilling (TZS)
Time zoneUTC+3 (EAT)
• Summer (DST)
UTC+3 (not observed)
Driving sideleft
Calling code+255
Internet TLD.tz

Zanzibar (ɑːr/; Swahili: Zanzibar; Arabic: زِنْجِبَار‎, romanizedZinjibār) is a semi-autonomous region of Tanzania. It is composed of the Zanzibar Archipelago in the Indian Ocean, 25–50 kilometres (16–31 mi) off the coast of the mainland, and consists of many small islands and two large ones: Unguja (the main island, referred to informally as Zanzibar) and Pemba Island. The capital is Zanzibar City, located on the island of Unguja. Its historic centre is Stone Town, which is a World Heritage Site.

Zanzibar's main industries are spices, raffia, and tourism.[5] In particular, the islands produce cloves, nutmeg, cinnamon, and black pepper. For this reason, the Zanzibar Archipelago, together with Tanzania's Mafia Island, are sometimes referred to locally as the "Spice Islands" (a term borrowed from the Maluku Islands of Indonesia).

Zanzibar is the home of the endemic Zanzibar red colobus, the Zanzibar servaline genet, and the extinct or rare Zanzibar leopard.[6][7]

Etymology

The word Zanzibar came from Arabic zanjibār (زنجبار [zandʒibaːr]), which is in turn from Persian zangbâr (زنگبار [zæŋbɒːɾ]), a compound of Zang (زنگ [zæŋ], "black") + bâr (بار [bɒːɾ], "coast"),[8][9][10] cf. the Sea of Zanj. The name is one of several toponyms sharing similar etymologies, ultimately meaning "land of the blacks" or similar meanings, in reference to the dark skin of the inhabitants.

Other Languages
Afrikaans: Zanzibar
Ænglisc: Menuþias
العربية: زنجبار
asturianu: Zanzíbar
azərbaycanca: Zənzibar
башҡортса: Занзибар
беларуская: Занзібар
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Занзыбар
български: Занзибар
bosanski: Zanzibar
brezhoneg: Zanzibar
català: Zanzíbar
čeština: Zanzibar
Cymraeg: Sansibar
dansk: Zanzibar
Deutsch: Sansibar
eesti: Sansibar
Ελληνικά: Ζανζιβάρη
español: Zanzíbar
Esperanto: Zanzibaro
euskara: Zanzibar
فارسی: زنگبار
føroyskt: Sansibar
Frysk: Sansibar
Gagauz: Zanzibar
Gàidhlig: Zanzibar
galego: Zanzíbar
한국어: 잔지바르
हिन्दी: ज़ांज़ीबार
hrvatski: Zanzibar
Bahasa Indonesia: Zanzibar
Interlingue: Zanzibar
íslenska: Sansibar
italiano: Zanzibar
עברית: זנזיבר
Jawa: Zanzibar
kalaallisut: Zanzibar
ქართული: ზანზიბარი
қазақша: Занзибар
Latina: Zanzibar
latviešu: Zanzibāra
lietuvių: Zanzibaras
magyar: Zanzibár
македонски: Занзибар
Māori: Zanzibar
मराठी: झांझिबार
مصرى: زنجبار
مازِرونی: زنگبار
Bahasa Melayu: Zanzibar
မြန်မာဘာသာ: ဇန်ဇိဗာကျွန်း
Nederlands: Zanzibar (staat)
日本語: ザンジバル
norsk: Zanzibar
norsk nynorsk: Zanzibar
oʻzbekcha/ўзбекча: Zanjibar
ਪੰਜਾਬੀ: ਜੰਜੀਬਾਰ
Papiamentu: Zanzibar
português: Zanzibar
română: Zanzibar
Scots: Zanzibar
shqip: Zanzibari
Simple English: Zanzibar
slovenčina: Zanzibar (štát)
slovenščina: Zanzibar
کوردی: زەنگبار
српски / srpski: Занзибар
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Zanzibar
suomi: Sansibar
svenska: Zanzibar
Tagalog: Zanzibar
Türkçe: Zanzibar
اردو: زنجبار
vèneto: Zanzibar
Tiếng Việt: Zanzibar
Võro: Sansibar
Winaray: Zanzibar
Yorùbá: Zanzibar
粵語: 桑給巴爾
中文: 桑給巴爾