Zagreb

Zagreb
City
City of Zagreb
St. Mark's Square
Croatian National Theater in Zagreb
Croatian State Archives
Highrise buildings
Zagreb Tram
Art Pavilion
Flag of Zagreb
Flag
Coat of arms of Zagreb
Coat of arms
Zagreb is located in Croatia
Zagreb
Zagreb
Location of Zagreb in Croatia
Zagreb is located in Europe
Zagreb
Zagreb
Zagreb (Europe)
Coordinates: 45°49′N 15°59′E / 45°49′N 15°59′E / 45.817; 15.983
Country Croatia
CountyFlag of Zagreb.svg City of Zagreb
RC diocese1094
Free royal city1242
Unified1850
Subdivisions17 city districts
218 local committees
(70 settlements)
Government
 • TypeMayor-Council
 • MayorMilan Bandić (BM 365)
 • City Assembly
Area[1]
 • City641 km2 (247 sq mi)
 • Urban162.2 km2 (62.6 sq mi)
 • Metro3,719 km2 (1,436 sq mi)
Elevation[2]158 m (518 ft)
Highest elevation1,035 m (3,396 ft)
Lowest elevation122 m (400 ft)
Population (2018 census)[3][4][5]
 • City802,588
 • Estimate (2018)[6]810,003
 • Density1,300/km2 (3,200/sq mi)
 • Metro1,128,941
 • Metro density300/km2 (790/sq mi)
Demonym(s)Zagrepčanin (cr)
Zagreber (en)
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
Postal codeHR-10 000, HR-10 010, HR-10 020, HR-10 040, HR-10 090
Area code+385 1
Vehicle registrationZG
GDP (PPP)2017
 - Total$32 billion / €28.7 billion
 - Per capita$40,404 / €36,237
HDI (2015)0.885[7]very high
Websitezagreb.hr

Zagreb (b/ ZAH-greb, Croatian pronunciation: [zǎːɡreb] (About this sound listen))[8] is the capital and the largest city of Croatia.[9] It is located in the northwest of the country, along the Sava river, at the southern slopes of the Medvednica mountain. Zagreb lies at an elevation of approximately 122 m (400 ft) above sea level.[10][11] The estimated population of the city in 2018 is 809,932. The population of Zagreb urban agglomeration is slightly above 1.1 million inhabitants and it makes approximately a quarter of a total population of Croatia.

Zagreb is a city with a rich history dating from the Roman times to the present day. The oldest settlement located in the vicinity of the city was the Roman Andautonia, in today's Ščitarjevo.[12][13][14][15] The name "Zagreb" is recorded in 1134, in reference to the foundation of the settlement at Kaptol in 1094. Zagreb became a free royal town in 1242.[16][17][18][19][20] In 1851 Zagreb had its first mayor,[21][22][23][24] Janko Kamauf.

Zagreb has a special status in the Croatia's administrative division and is a consolidated city-county (but separated from Zagreb County),[25][26][27][28] and is administratively subdivided into 17 city districts.[29][30][31] Most of them are at a low elevation along the river Sava valley, whereas northern and northeastern city districts, such as Podsljeme[32][33][34] and Sesvete[35][36][37] districts are situated in the foothills of the Medvednica mountain,[38] making the city's geographical image rather diverse. The city extends over 30 kilometres (19 miles) east-west and around 20 kilometres (12 miles) north-south.[39][40]

The transport connections, concentration of industry, scientific, and research institutions and industrial tradition underlie its leading economic position in Croatia.[41][42][43] Zagreb is the seat of the central government, administrative bodies, and almost all government ministries.[44][45][46] Almost all of the largest Croatian companies, media, and scientific institutions have their headquarters in the city. Zagreb is the most important transport hub in Croatia where Central Europe, the Mediterranean and Southeast Europe meet, making the Zagreb area the centre of the road, rail and air networks of Croatia. It is a city known for its diverse economy, high quality of living, museums, sporting, and entertainment events. Its main branches of economy are high-tech industries and the service sector.

Name

Sculpture representing the Triune Kingdom
Ante Starčević Square
The Golden Bull of 1242, whereby King Béla IV proclaimed Gradec a royal free city

The etymology of the name Zagreb is unclear. It was used of the united city only from 1852, but it had been in use as the name of the Zagreb Diocese since the 12th century, and was increasingly used of the city in the 17th century.[47] The name is first recorded in a charter by Ostrogon archbishop Felician, dated 1134, mentioned as Zagrabiensem episcopatum.[48] The older form of the name is Zagrab. The modern Croatian form Zagreb is first recorded in a 1689 map by Nicolas Sanson. An even older form is reflected in Hungarian Zabrag (recorded from c. 1200 and in use until the 18th century). For this, Desy (1990) proposes the etymology of Chabrag, a well-attested hypocorism of the name Cyprian. The same form is reflected in a number of Hungarian toponyms, such as Csepreg.[49]

The name might be derived from Proto-Slavic word *grębъ which means hill, uplift. And Old Croatian reconstructed name *Zagrębъ is manifested through the German name of the city Agram.[50]

The name Agram was used in German in the Habsburg period; this name has been classified as "probably of Roman origin"[51] but according to Desy (1990) it could be an Austrian German reanalysis of *Zugram. [49] In Middle Latin and Modern Latin, Zagreb is known as Agranum (the name of an unrelated Arabian city in Strabo), Zagrabia or Mons Graecensis (also Mons Crecensis, in reference to Grič (Gradec)).

In Croatian folk etymology, the name of the city has been derived from either the verb za-grab-, meaning "to scoop" or "to dig". One folk legend illustrating this derivation ties the name to a drought of the early 14th century, during which Augustin Kažotić (c. 1260–1323) is said to have dug a well which miraculously produced water.[52] In another legend,[53][54][55][56][57] a city governor is thirsty and orders a girl named Manda to "scoop" water from Manduševac well (nowadays a fountain in Ban Jelačić Square), using the imperative: zagrabi, Mando! ("Scoop, Manda!").[58]

Other Languages
Afrikaans: Zagreb
Alemannisch: Zagreb
አማርኛ: ዛግሬብ
العربية: زغرب
aragonés: Zagreb
asturianu: Zagreb
авар: Загреб
azərbaycanca: Zaqreb
বাংলা: জাগরেব
Bân-lâm-gú: Zagreb
башҡортса: Загреб
беларуская: Заграб
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Загрэб
български: Загреб
Boarisch: Agram
བོད་ཡིག: ཛག་རེབ།
bosanski: Zagreb
brezhoneg: Zagreb
català: Zagreb
Чӑвашла: Загреб
Cebuano: Zagreb
čeština: Záhřeb
Chi-Chewa: Zagreb
chiShona: Zagreb
corsu: Zagabria
Cymraeg: Zagreb
dansk: Zagreb
davvisámegiella: Zagreb
Deitsch: Zagreb
Deutsch: Zagreb
dolnoserbski: Zagreb
eesti: Zagreb
Ελληνικά: Ζάγκρεμπ
español: Zagreb
Esperanto: Zagrebo
euskara: Zagreb
فارسی: زاگرب
Fiji Hindi: Zagreb
føroyskt: Zagreb
français: Zagreb
Frysk: Zagreb
Gaeilge: Ságrab
Gaelg: Zagreb
Gagauz: Zagreb
Gàidhlig: Zagreb
galego: Zagreb
客家語/Hak-kâ-ngî: Zagreb
한국어: 자그레브
հայերեն: Զագրեբ
hornjoserbsce: Zagreb
hrvatski: Zagreb
Ido: Zagreb
Ilokano: Zagreb
Bahasa Indonesia: Zagreb
interlingua: Zagreb
Interlingue: Zagreb
Ирон: Загреб
íslenska: Zagreb
italiano: Zagabria
עברית: זאגרב
Basa Jawa: Zagreb
ქართული: ზაგრები
қазақша: Загреб
kernowek: Zagreb
Kiswahili: Zagreb
коми: Загреб
Kreyòl ayisyen: Zagreb
kurdî: Zagreb
Кыргызча: Загреб
لۊری شومالی: زاگرب
Latina: Zagrabia
latviešu: Zagreba
Lëtzebuergesch: Zagreb
lietuvių: Zagrebas
Ligure: Zagabbria
Limburgs: Zagreb
lingála: Zagreb
Livvinkarjala: Zagrebu
lumbaart: Zagabria
magyar: Zágráb
македонски: Загреб
Malagasy: Zagreb
മലയാളം: സാഗ്രെബ്
Malti: Żagreb
Māori: Zagreb
मराठी: झाग्रेब
მარგალური: ზაგრები
مصرى: زاجريب
Bahasa Melayu: Zagreb
Mìng-dĕ̤ng-ngṳ̄: Zagreb
монгол: Загреб
Nāhuatl: Zagreb
Dorerin Naoero: Zagrev
Na Vosa Vakaviti: Zagreb
Nederlands: Zagreb
नेपाली: जग्रिब
日本語: ザグレブ
нохчийн: Загреб
Nordfriisk: Zagreb
Norfuk / Pitkern: Sakreb
norsk: Zagreb
norsk nynorsk: Zagreb
Novial: Zagreb
occitan: Zagrèb
олык марий: Загреб
oʻzbekcha/ўзбекча: Zagreb
ਪੰਜਾਬੀ: ਜ਼ਾਗਰਬ
پنجابی: زاغرب
Papiamentu: Zagreb
Piemontèis: Zagabria
Plattdüütsch: Zagreb
polski: Zagrzeb
português: Zagreb
Qaraqalpaqsha: Zagreb
qırımtatarca: Zagreb
română: Zagreb
rumantsch: Zagreb
Runa Simi: Zagreb
русиньскый: Заґреб
русский: Загреб
саха тыла: Загреб
sardu: Zagàbria
Scots: Zagreb
Sesotho: Zagreb
shqip: Zagrebi
sicilianu: Zagabria
Simple English: Zagreb
slovenčina: Záhreb
slovenščina: Zagreb
словѣньскъ / ⰔⰎⰑⰂⰡⰐⰠⰔⰍⰟ: Ꙁагрєбъ
ślůnski: Zagrzeb
کوردی: زاگرێب
српски / srpski: Загреб
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Zagreb
suomi: Zagreb
svenska: Zagreb
தமிழ்: சாகிரேப்
Taqbaylit: Zagreb
татарча/tatarça: Загреб
тоҷикӣ: Загреб
Türkçe: Zagreb
Türkmençe: Zagreb
Twi: Zagreb
удмурт: Загреб
українська: Загреб
اردو: زغرب
ئۇيغۇرچە / Uyghurche: Zagréb
Vahcuengh: Zagreb
vèneto: Zagavria
vepsän kel’: Zagreb
Tiếng Việt: Zagreb
Volapük: Zagreb
Võro: Zagreb
walon: Zagreb
Winaray: Zagreb
Wolof: Sagreb
ייִדיש: זאגרעב
Yorùbá: Zagreb
粵語: 薩格勒布
Zazaki: Zagreb
žemaitėška: Zagrėbs
中文: 萨格勒布