Yuman–Cochimí languages

Colorado River basin and Baja California
Linguistic classificationHokan ?
  • Yuman–Cochimí
Pre-contact distribution of Yuman–Cochimí languages

The Yuman–Cochimí languages are a family of languages spoken in Baja California, northern Sonora, southern California, and western Arizona. Although only Cochimí is no longer spoken, going extinct in the late 18th century, all other Yuman languages are nearly extinct.

Genetic relations

There are approximately a dozen Yuman languages. The extinct Cochimí, attested from the 18th century, was identified after the rest of the family had been established, and was found to be more divergent. The resulting family was therefore called Yuman–Cochimí, with Yuman being the extra-Cochimí languages.

  • Cochimí † (Northern Cochimí and Southern Cochimí may have been distinct languages)
  • Kiliwa
  • Delta–California Yuman
    • Ipai (a.k.a. 'Iipay, Northern Diegueño)
    • Kumeyaay (a.k.a. Southern Diegueño, Campo, Kamia)
    • Tipai (a.k.a. Southern Diegueño, Huerteño, Ku'ahl)
    • Cocopah (a.k.a. Cucapá; cf. Kahwan, Halyikwamai)
  • River Yuman
  • Pai

Cochimí is now extinct. Cucapá is the Spanish name for the Cocopa. Diegueño is the Spanish name for Ipai–Kumeyaay–Tipai, now often referred to collectively as Kumeyaay. Upland Yuman consists of several mutually intelligible dialects spoken by the politically distinct Yavapai, Hualapai, and Havasupai.

Other Languages
français: Langues yumanes
hrvatski: Jumanski jezici
italiano: Lingue yumane
Nederlands: Yuma-Cochimítalen
日本語: ユーマ語族
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Jumanski jezici
Lingua Franca Nova: Linguas iuman