Yukon

Yukon
Flag of Yukon
Flag
Coat of arms of Yukon
Coat of arms
Motto(s): (No official motto)[1]
ConfederationJune 13, 1898 (9th)
CapitalWhitehorse
Largest cityWhitehorse
Largest metroWhitehorse
Government
 • CommissionerAngélique Bernard
 • PremierSandy Silver (Liberal)
LegislatureYukon Legislative Assembly
Federal representation(in Canadian Parliament)
House seats1 of 338 (0.3%)
Senate seats1 of 105 (1%)
Area
 • Total482,443 km2 (186,272 sq mi)
 • Land474,391 km2 (183,163 sq mi)
 • Water8,052 km2 (3,109 sq mi)  1.7%
Area rankRanked 9th
 4.8% of Canada
Population (2016)
 • Total35,874 [2]
 • Estimate (2018 Q1)38,825 [3]
 • RankRanked 13th
 • Density0.08/km2 (0.2/sq mi)
Demonym(s)Yukoner
FR: Yukonnais(e)
Official languages[4], but ambiguous status
GDP
 • Rank12th
 • Total (2011)C$2.660 billion[5]
 • Per capitaC$75,141 (3rd)
Time zoneUTC-8
Postal abbr.YT
Postal code prefixY
ISO 3166 codeCA-YT
FlowerFireweed
TreeSubalpine fir[6]
BirdCommon raven
Websitewww.gov.yk.ca
Rankings include all provinces and territories
Downtown Whitehorse along the Yukon River

Yukon[7] (n/; French: [jykɔ̃]; also commonly called the Yukon) is the smallest and westernmost of Canada's three federal territories (the other two are the Northwest Territories and Nunavut). The territory has the smallest population of any province or territory in Canada, with 35,874 people.[8] Whitehorse is the territorial capital and Yukon's only city.

The territory was split from the Northwest Territories in 1898 and was named the Yukon Territory. The federal government's Yukon Act, which received royal assent on March 27, 2002, established Yukon as the territory's official name,[7] though Yukon Territory is also still popular in usage and Canada Post continues to use the territory's internationally approved postal abbreviation of YT.[9] Though officially bilingual (English and French), the Yukon Government also recognizes First Nations languages.

At 5,959 m (19,551 ft), Yukon's Mount Logan, in Kluane National Park and Reserve, is the highest mountain in Canada and the second-highest on the North American continent (after Denali in the U.S. state of Alaska). Most of Yukon has a subarctic climate, characterized by long cold winters and brief warm summers. The Arctic Ocean coast has a tundra climate.

Notable rivers include the Yukon River, after which the territory was named, as well as the Pelly, Stewart, Peel, White and Tatshenshini rivers.

Etymology

The territory is named after the Yukon River, the longest river in Yukon. The name itself is from a contraction of the words in the Gwich'in phrase chųų gąįį han, which means white water river and refers to “the pale colour” of glacial runoff in the Yukon River.[10][11]

Other Languages
Afrikaans: Yukon
አማርኛ: ዩካን
العربية: يوكون (إقليم)
ܐܪܡܝܐ: ܝܘܩܘܢ
asturianu: Yukón
azərbaycanca: Yukon
বাংলা: ইউকন
Bân-lâm-gú: Yukon
беларуская: Юкан (тэрыторыя)
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Юкан (тэрыторыя)
български: Юкон (територия)
bosanski: Yukon
brezhoneg: Yukon
буряад: Юкон
català: Yukon
čeština: Yukon
Cymraeg: Yukon
dansk: Yukon
eesti: Yukon
Ελληνικά: Γιούκον
español: Yukón
Esperanto: Jukonio
euskara: Yukon
فارسی: یوکان
føroyskt: Yukon
français: Yukon
Frysk: Yukon
Gaeilge: Yukon
Gaelg: Yukon
Gàidhlig: Roinn an Iukon
galego: Yukón
한국어: 유콘 준주
हिन्दी: यूकॉन
hrvatski: Yukon
Bahasa Indonesia: Yukon
Iñupiak: Yukon
Ирон: Юкон
íslenska: Júkon
italiano: Yukon
עברית: יוקון
kalaallisut: Yukon
Kapampangan: Yukon
kernowek: Yukon
Kiswahili: Yukon
Ladino: Yukon
Latina: Yukon
Lëtzebuergesch: Yukon
lietuvių: Jukonas
Ligure: Yukon
македонски: Јукон
मराठी: युकॉन
Bahasa Melayu: Yukon
Mìng-dĕ̤ng-ngṳ̄: Yukon
монгол: Юкон
မြန်မာဘာသာ: ယူးကွန်းနယ်
norsk: Yukon
norsk nynorsk: Yukon
occitan: Yukon
oʻzbekcha/ўзбекча: Yukon
ਪੰਜਾਬੀ: ਯੂਕੋਨ
پنجابی: یکون
Piemontèis: Yukon
polski: Jukon
português: Yukon
română: Yukon
саха тыла: Юкон
sardu: Yukon
Scots: Yukon
shqip: Yukon
Simple English: Yukon
slovenčina: Yukon (teritórium)
slovenščina: Jukon
српски / srpski: Јукон
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Yukon
suomi: Yukon
svenska: Yukon
Tagalog: Yukon
தமிழ்: யூக்கான்
ไทย: ยูคอน
Türkçe: Yukon
українська: Юкон (територія)
اردو: يوكون
ئۇيغۇرچە / Uyghurche: Yukon Rayoni
vèneto: Yukon
Tiếng Việt: Yukon
Volapük: Yukon
Võro: Yukon
文言: 育空地區
Winaray: Yukon
ייִדיש: יוקאן
粵語: 育空
žemaitėška: Jukons
中文: 育空地區