Youth Pledge

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The Youth Pledge (Indonesian: Sumpah Pemuda) was a declaration made on 28 October 1928 by young Indonesian nationalists in the Second Youth Congress (Indonesian: Kongres Pemuda Kedua). They proclaimed three ideals; one motherland, one nation and one language.[1]

Background

Jong Java (Young Java) delegation.

The first Indonesian youth congress was held in Batavia, capital of the then-Dutch East Indies in 1926. It produced no formal decisions but did promote the idea of a united Indonesia.

In October 1928, the second Indonesian youth congress was held at three different locations. In the first session, the hope was expressed that the congress would inspire the feeling of unity. The second session saw discussions about educational issues. In the third and final session, held at Jalan Kramat Raya No, 106, on 28 October participants heard the future Indonesian national anthem Indonesia Raya by Wage Rudolf Supratman.

The congress closed with a reading of the youth pledge.[2][3]

Other Languages
Basa Banyumasan: Sumpah pemuda
한국어: 청년의 맹세
Bahasa Indonesia: Sumpah Pemuda
Basa Jawa: Sumpah Pemuda
Bahasa Melayu: Sumpah Pemuda
Baso Minangkabau: Sumpah Pemuda
Nederlands: Pemoeda
日本語: 青年の誓い
Basa Sunda: Sumpah Pemuda
中文: 青年誓言