Yolande of Aragon

Yolande of Aragon
Duchess of Anjou, Countess of Maine
Countess of Provence and Forcalquier
Countess of Piedmont
Titular Queen Consort of Naples
Yolande of Aragon.jpg
Yolande of Aragon
Duchess consort of Anjou
Tenure2 December 1400 – 29 April 1417
Born11 August 1384
Zaragoza, Kingdom of Aragon
Died14 November 1442(1442-11-14) (aged 58)
Chateau de Tuce-de-Saumur, France
Burial
Spouse
IssueLouis III of Anjou
Marie of Anjou, Queen Consort of France
René I of Naples
Yolande, Countess of Montfort l'Amaury
Charles, Count of Maine
HouseBarcelona
FatherJohn I of Aragon
MotherYolande of Bar
ReligionRoman Catholicism
Aragonese and Valencian Royalty
House of Barcelona
Royal arms of Aragon.svg
Alfonso II
Children include
Peter (future Peter II of Aragon)
Alfonso II, Count of Provence
Peter II
Children include
James (future James I of Aragon, Valencia and Majorca)
James I
Peter (future Peter III of Aragon and I of Valencia and Sicily)
James II of Majorca
Violant, Queen of Castile
Constance, Infanta of Castile
Isabella, Queen of France
Peter III (I of Valencia and Sicily)
Children include
Alfonso (future Alfonso III of Aragon and I of Valencia)
James (future James I of Sicily and II of Aragon and Valencia)
Frederick II of Sicily
Elizabeth, Queen of Portugal
Yolanda, Duchess of Calabria
Alfonso III (I of Valencia)
James II (I of Sicily)
Children include
Alfonso (future Alfonso IV of Aragon and II of Valencia)
Alfonso IV (II of Valencia)
Children include
Peter (future Peter IV of Aragon and II of Valencia)
Peter IV (II of Valencia)
Children include
Constance, Queen of Sicily
John (future John I of Aragon and Valencia)
Martin (future Martin II of Sicily and I of Aragon and Valencia)
Eleanor, Queen of Castile
Isabella, Countess of Urgel
Grandchildren include
Ferdinand (future Ferdinand I of Aragon, Valencia and Sicily)
Isabella, Countess of Urgel and Coimbra
John I
Yolande, Queen of France
Martin I (II of Sicily)

Yolande of Aragon (11 August 1384 – 14 November 1442)[1] was a throne claimant and titular queen regnant of Aragon, titular queen consort of Naples, Duchess of Anjou, Countess of Provence, and regent of Provence during the minority of her son. She was a daughter of John I of Aragon and his wife Yolande of Bar (daughter of Robert I, Duke of Bar, and Marie of Valois).Yolande played a crucial role in the struggles between France and England, influencing events such as the financing of Joan of Arc's army in 1429 that helped tip the balance in favour of the French. She was also known as Yolanda de Aragón and Violant d'Aragó. Tradition holds that she commissioned the famous Rohan Hours.

Family and marriage

Yolande was born in Zaragoza, Aragon, on 11 August 1384, the eldest daughter of King John I of Aragon by his second wife, Yolande of Bar, the granddaughter of King John II of France. She had three brothers and two sisters, as well as five older half-siblings from her father's first marriage to Martha of Armagnac. Yolande later played an important role in the politics of England, France, and Aragon during the first half of the 15th century.

In 1389, Louis II was crowned King of Naples. His mother Marie of Blois opened negotiations for a marriage between her son and Yolande to prevent Aragon from obstructing his rule there. When Yolande was eleven, she signed a document to disavow any promises made by ambassadors about her marrying Louis II. In 1395, Richard II of England also opened negotiations for Yolande's hand. To prevent this marriage, Charles VI of France offered his own daughter Isabella to King Richard. After the death of Yolande's father, Marie of Blois convinced Yolande's uncle Martin I of Aragon to have Yolande wed Louis II. Yolande signed a protest, but was forced to retract it later. The couple married in Arles on December 2, 1400. Despite Yolande's earlier objections and the later illnesses of her husband, the marriage was a success.

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