Yamoussoukro

Yamoussoukro
City, autonomous district, sub-prefecture, and commune
Yamoussoukro
Yamoussoukro
Official seal of Yamoussoukro
Seal
Motto(s): "Solidarité-Paix-Développement"
Yamoussoukro is located in Ivory Coast
Yamoussoukro
Yamoussoukro
Location within Ivory Coast
Coordinates: 6°49′N 5°17′W / 6°49′N 5°17′W / 6.817; -5.283
Country Ivory Coast
DistrictYamoussoukro
DepartmentYamoussoukro
Attiégouakro
Government
 • GovernorAugustin Abdoulaye Thiam Houphouët
 • Lord MayorGnrangbe Kouakou Kouadio Jean
Area
 • Total3,500 km2 (1,350 sq mi)
Population (2014 census)
 • Total355,573 (district); 281,735 (city)
Time zoneUTC
Websitewww.yamoussoukro.district.ci

Yamoussoukro (/;[1] French pronunciation: ​[jamusukʁo]) is the political capital and administrative capital of Ivory Coast and an autonomous district of the country. As of the 2014 preliminary census, the district had a population of 355,573 inhabitants. Located 240 kilometers (150 mi) north-west of Abidjan, the administrative centre on the coast, upon rolling hills and plains, the municipality covers 3,500 square kilometers (1,400 sq mi).

Prior to 2011, what is now the district of Yamoussoukro was part of Lacs Region. The district was created in 2011[2] and is split into departments of Attiégouakro and Yamoussoukro. In total, the district contains 169 settlements. Yamoussoukro is a sub-prefecture in Yamoussoukro Department and is also a commune: since 2012, it has been the sole commune in the autonomous district of Yamoussoukro.

In the 2014 census, the autonomous district had a population of 355,573. The city of Yamoussoukro (as opposed to the district) had 281,071 inhabitants, making it the fifth-most populous city in Ivory Coast.

The current governor of the district is Augustin Thiam.

Yamoussoukro is usually pronounced "Yam-So-Kro" by Ivorians.

History

Prehistory

Stone tools found in the country from hundreds of thousands of years ago show that the area around Yamoussoukro has been occupied since ancient times. Due to the desertification of the Sahara, many moved south to avoid the harsh conditions.

Colonial period

Queen Yamoussou, the niece of Kouass N'Go, ran the city of N'Gokro in 1929 at the time of French colonization. The village then comprised 429 inhabitants, and was one of 134 Akoué cities.[citation needed] The village of N'Gokro was renamed Yamoussoukro, the suffix Kro meaning town in Baoule.

Diplomatic and commercial relations were then established, but in 1909, on the orders of the Chief of Djamlabo, the Akoué revolted against the administration. Bonzi station, 7 kilometres (4.3 mi) from Yamoussoukro on the Bouaflé road, was set on fire, and the French administrator, Simon Maurice, was spared only by the intervention of Kouassi N'Go. This respected former leader persuaded the Akoué not to wage a war that could only have turned into a disaster.[citation needed]

As the situation got worse, Maurice, judging that Bonzi had become safe, decided to transfer the French military station to Yamoussoukro, where the French Administration built a pyramid to the memory of Kouassi N'Go, Chief of the Akoué, who was assassinated in 1910 by Akoué rebels, accusing him of being too close to the French.[3] In homage to queen Yamousso, N'Gokro was renamed Yamoussoukro.[4]

In 1919, the civil station of Yamoussoukro was removed. Félix Houphouët-Boigny became the leader of the village in 1939. A long period passed wherein Yamoussoukro, still a small agricultural town, remained in the shadows. This continued until after the Second World War, which saw the creation of the African Agricultural Trade Union, as well as the first conferences of its chief. However, it was only with independence that Yamoussoukro finally started to rise.[5]

Since independence

After 1964, the President Félix Houphouët-Boigny made ambitious plans and started to build. One day in 1965, later called the Great Lesson of Yamoussoukro, he visited the plantations with the leaders of the county, inviting them to transpose to their own villages the efforts and agricultural achievements of the region. On 21 July 1977, Houphouët offered his plantations to the State.

In March 1983, President Houphouët-Boigny made Yamoussoukro the political and administrative capital of Ivory Coast, as the city was his birthplace. This marked the fourth movement of the country's capital city in a century. Ivory Coast's previous capital cities were Grand-Bassam (1893), Bingerville (1900), and Abidjan (1933). The majority of economic activity still takes place in Abidjan, and it is officially designated as the "economic capital" of the country.

Yamoussoukro is the seat of Yamoussoukro Department and the neighbouring Bélier Region, but Yamoussoukro itself is not part of the region.

Other Languages
Afrikaans: Yamoussoukro
Alemannisch: Yamoussoukro
አማርኛ: ያሙሱክሮ
العربية: ياموسوكرو
asturianu: Yamusukru
Avañe'ẽ: Iamusúkoro
azərbaycanca: Yamusukro
bamanankan: Yamusukuro
Bân-lâm-gú: Yamoussoukro
беларуская: Ямусукра
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Ямусукра
български: Ямусукро
bosanski: Yamoussoukro
brezhoneg: Yamoussoukro
català: Yamoussoukro
čeština: Yamoussoukro
chiShona: Yamoussoukro
Cymraeg: Yamoussoukro
Deutsch: Yamoussoukro
Ελληνικά: Γιαμουσσουκρό
español: Yamusukro
Esperanto: Jamusukro
euskara: Jamusukro
فارسی: یاموسوکرو
Fiji Hindi: Yamoussoukro
français: Yamoussoukro
Gaeilge: Yamoussoukro
Gàidhlig: Yamoussoukro
galego: Yamoussoukro
客家語/Hak-kâ-ngî: Yamoussoukro
한국어: 야무수크로
Հայերեն: Յամուսուկրո
हिन्दी: यामूसोकुरो
hrvatski: Yamoussoukro
Bahasa Indonesia: Yamoussoukro
Interlingue: Yamoussoukro
íslenska: Yamoussoukro
italiano: Yamoussoukro
עברית: יאמוסוקרו
Basa Jawa: Yamoussoukro
ქართული: იამუსუკრო
қазақша: Ямусукро
kernowek: Yamoussoukro
Kreyòl ayisyen: Yamousoukro
Кыргызча: Ямусукро
кырык мары: Ямусукро
Latina: Yamussukro
latviešu: Jamusukro
Lëtzebuergesch: Yamoussoukro
lietuvių: Jamusukras
Ligure: Yamoussoukro
lumbaart: Yamoussoukro
magyar: Yamoussoukro
македонски: Јамусукро
Malagasy: Yamoussoukro
მარგალური: იამუსუკრო
Bahasa Melayu: Yamoussoukro
Mìng-dĕ̤ng-ngṳ̄: Yamoussoukro
Nāhuatl: Yamusukro
Dorerin Naoero: Yamoussoukrou
Nederlands: Yamoussoukro
日本語: ヤムスクロ
нохчийн: Ямусукро
norsk nynorsk: Yamoussoukro
occitan: Yamoussoukro
oʻzbekcha/ўзбекча: Yamusukro
ਪੰਜਾਬੀ: ਯਾਮੂਸੂਕਰੋ
پنجابی: یاموسوکرو
Papiamentu: Yamoussoukro
Piemontèis: Yamoussoukro
polski: Jamusukro
português: Yamoussoukro
română: Yamoussoukro
русский: Ямусукро
Simple English: Yamoussoukro
slovenčina: Yamoussoukro
slovenščina: Yamoussoukro
ślůnski: Jamusukro
Soomaaliga: Yamoussoukro
српски / srpski: Јамусукро
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Yamoussoukro
svenska: Yamoussoukro
Tagalog: Yamoussoukro
Taqbaylit: Yamoussoukro
тоҷикӣ: Ямусукро
Türkçe: Yamoussoukro
удмурт: Ямусукро
українська: Ямусукро
ئۇيغۇرچە / Uyghurche: يامۇسسۇكرو
vèneto: Yamoussoukro
vepsän kel’: Jamusukro
Tiếng Việt: Yamoussoukro
Volapük: Yamoussoukro
Winaray: Yamoussoukro
ייִדיש: יאמוסאקרא
Yorùbá: Yamoussoukro
Zazaki: Yamusukro
Kabɩyɛ: Yamusukro
Lingua Franca Nova: Yamoussoukro