Xu (surname)

徐姓 - 楷体.svg
Chhî (Hokkien)
Tshêu (Teochew)
Từ (Vietnamese)
Language(s)Mandarin Chinese
Other names
Variant form(s)Xu, Hsu, Shyu (Mandarin)
Chui, Tsui, Choi, Tsua (Cantonese)
Chie, Chui (Gan)
Sy, Djie, Tjhie, Chi, Tjie (Hakka)
Su, Chi, Chee, Swee, Shui (Hokkien)
Cher, Cheu (Teochew)
許姓 - 楷体.svg
Khó (Hokkien)
Heoi2 (Cantonese)
Kóu (Teochew)
Meaningto allow
Other names
Variant form(s)Xu, Hsu (Mandarin)
Hui, Hoi, Hua (Cantonese)
Kho, Khor, Khaw, Ko (Hokkien)
Koh, Khoh, Kho (Teochew)
Hii, Hee (Fuzhou)
Hy (Vietnamese)

Xu is either of two surnames of Chinese origin that are homographs when transliterated. Both of these Chinese surnames are transliterated as Xu in pinyin and Hsü in the Wade–Giles system (sometimes spelled without the diaeresis as Hsu).

  1. Chinese: ; pinyin: ; Wade–Giles: Hsü2
  2. simplified Chinese: ; traditional Chinese: ; pinyin: ; Wade–Giles: Hsü3

In Taiwan, the total population of 徐 less than 1%, while 許 is a more common surname ranking 11th with 2.33%. On the other hand, 徐 was listed as the 11th most common surname within the People's Republic of China, and 許/许 was the 26th most common according to the List of common Chinese surnames.It is believe that, 徐 is one of the branches of the royal house name Yíng, as well as noble Manchurian family Šumuru, or Xiongnu of Central Asia.

Variations in Chinese dialects and other languages

In Cantonese, 許/许 is systemically transcribed in Jyutping as Heoi and in Yale Romanization as Héui; customary spellings include Hui, Hoi, or Hooi; 徐 is often transcribed as Tsui, T'sui, Choi, Chui or even Tsua.

In Southern Min, 許/许 is transcribed in Pe̍h-ōe-jī as Khó, in Teochew as Kóu, and customarily spelled Koh, Khoh, Khor, Khaw, or Ko. In Gan, it can be spelled Hi or . For Hoa people the name is written as Hái or Hy in Vietnamese. Other spellings include Hee and Hu.

In Shanghai, China, the surname 徐 is translated as Zee. In Japanese, the surname 徐 is transliterated as Omomuro, and in Sino-Japanese as Jo. The Korean pronunciation, using the Yale romanization system, is Seo. 許/许 in Japanese is transliterated as Yurusu, Bakari, or Moto, and in Sino-Japanese as Kyo or Ko. The Korean pronunciation, using the Yale romanization system, is Huh, He or Ho.

Each time a Chinese character is pronounced in Sino-Japanese (on reading), Sino-Korean (Hanja), or Sino-Vietnamese (Hán tự), its transcription changes. In Sino-Vietnamese, the character 徐 is pronounced Từ and 许 is pronounced Hứa (surname), or hử (adverb) or hổ (onomatopoeia).

Chinese immigrants with the surname Xú (Chinese: ) who emigrated to Korea translated the surname to 서 (in Hangul), which is also romanized as Seo. The Korean name 서, translated to Japanese, is ソ (Romaji: So). Chinese immigrants with the surname Xǔ (simplified Chinese: ; traditional Chinese: ) who emigrated to Korea translated the surname to 허, which is also written as Heo. The Korean name 허 translated to Japanese word is ホ (Romaji: Ho).

Overseas Chinese living in Vietnam (Hoa) with the surname 許/许, had their surnames transliterated as the Hái or Hy for government purposes or when immigrating to the English-speaking World, particularly the United States.

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