Xàtiva

Xàtiva
Municipality
View of Xàtiva
View of Xàtiva
Flag of Xàtiva
Flag
Coat of arms of Xàtiva
Coat of arms
Official logo of Xàtiva
Flag emblem
Localització de Xàtiva respecte del País Valencià.png
Xàtiva is located in Spain
Xàtiva
Xàtiva
Location in Spain
Coordinates: 38°59′25″N 0°31′16″W / 38°59′25″N 0°31′16″W / 38.99028; -0.52111
Country Spain
Autonomous community Valencian Community
ProvinceValencia
ComarcaCostera
Judicial districtXàtiva
Government
 • MayorRoger Cerdà i Boluda (2015) (PSPV)
Area
 • Total76.56 km2 (29.56 sq mi)
Elevation115 m (377 ft)
Population (2016)
 • Total28,973
 • Density380/km2 (980/sq mi)
Demonym(s)Xativí / xativina
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
Postal code46800
Official language(s)Spanish and Official website

Xàtiva (Valencian pronunciation: [ˈʃativa], Spanish: Játiva [ˈxatiβa]) is a town in eastern Spain, in the province of Valencia, on the right (western) bank of the river Albaida and at the junction of the ValenciaMurcia and Valencia Albacete railways. During the Al-Andalus Islamic era, Arabs brought the technology to manufacture paper to Xàtiva. In the 12th century, Xàtiva was known for its schools, education, and learning circles. Islamic scholar Abu Ishaq al-Shatibi's last name refers to Xàtiva where he lived and died.[1]

History

Municipal charter of Xàtiva (1252).

Xàtiva (Saetabis in Latin) was famous in Roman times for its linen fabrics, mentioned by the Latin poets Ovid and Catullus. Xàtiva is also known as an early European centre of paper manufacture. In the 12th century, Arabs brought the technology to manufacture paper to Xàtiva (Arabic: شاطبةShāṭiba).

It is the birthplace of two popes, Callixtus III and Alexander VI, and also the painter José Ribera (Lo Spagnoletto). It suffered a dark moment in its history at the hands of Philip V of Spain, who, after his victory at the Battle of Almansa during the War of the Spanish Succession, had the city besieged then ordered it to be burned and renamed San Felipe. In memory of the insult, the portrait of the monarch hangs upside down in the local museum of l'Almodí.[2]

Xàtiva was briefly a provincial capital under the short-lived 1822 territorial division of Spain,[3] during the Trienio Liberal. The Province of Xàtiva was revoked with the return to absolutism in 1823.

Other Languages
العربية: شاطبة
aragonés: Exativa
asturianu: Xàtiva
تۆرکجه: شاتیوا
Bân-lâm-gú: Xàtiva
català: Xàtiva
Deutsch: Xàtiva
Ελληνικά: Σάτιβα
español: Játiva
Esperanto: Ŝativo
euskara: Xàtiva
فارسی: شاتیوا
français: Xàtiva
galego: Xàtiva
հայերեն: Խատիվա
Bahasa Indonesia: Xàtiva
italiano: Xàtiva
magyar: Xàtiva
Bahasa Melayu: Xàtiva
Nederlands: Xàtiva
日本語: シャティバ
norsk: Xàtiva
occitan: Xàtiva
پنجابی: شاتیوا
polski: Xàtiva
português: Xàtiva
română: Játiva
русский: Хатива
sardu: Xàtiva
shqip: Xàtiva
српски / srpski: Хатива
suomi: Xàtiva
українська: Шатіва
اردو: شاطبہ
vèneto: Xàtiva
Winaray: Xàtiva
中文: 哈蒂瓦