Wotton Underwood

Wotton Underwood
All Saints, Wotton Underwood, Bucks - geograph.org.uk - 333342.jpg
All Saints' parish church
Wotton Underwood is located in Buckinghamshire
Wotton Underwood
Wotton Underwood
Wotton Underwood shown within Buckinghamshire
Area1.053 km2 (0.407 sq mi)
Population119 (2011 Census)[1]
• Density113/km2 (290/sq mi)
OS grid referenceSP6816
Civil parish
  • Wotton Underwood
District
Shire county
Region
CountryEngland
Sovereign stateUnited Kingdom
Post townAylesbury
Postcode districtHP18
PoliceThames Valley
FireBuckinghamshire
AmbulanceSouth Central
EU ParliamentSouth East England
UK Parliament
List of places
UK
England
Buckinghamshire
51°50′16″N 1°00′09″W / 51°50′16″N 1°00′09″W / 51.8378; -1.0024

Wotton Underwood is a village and civil parish in the Aylesbury Vale District of Buckinghamshire, about 7 miles (11 km) north of Thame in neighbouring Oxfordshire.

The toponym is derived from the Old English for "farm near a wood". It is recorded in the Anglo-Saxon Chronicle of AD 848 as Wudotun and in the Domesday Book of 1086 as Oltone. The affix "Underwood" was added later to distinguish the village from other places also called Wotton. The affix means "near the wood" and refers to the village's nearness to the ancient Bernwood Forest.[2]

The present manor house in the village, Wotton House, dates from the early eighteenth century but has been much altered since, notably by John Soane in the 1820s. The former stables, now called South Pavilion, was the former home of actor John Gielgud; it was bought by Tony and Cherie Blair for £4m, in 2008.[3]

Railways

The Brill Tramway, originally known as the Wotton Tramway and, from 1899, part of the Metropolitan Railway, which served the area, had a station named Wotton which closed in 1935 with the rest of the line.[4]

The Great Central Railway built a line from Grendon Underwood to Princes Risborough, and upon that opened a station at Wotton in 1906; this closed in 1953.[5]