World Trade Center (1973–2001)

  • world trade center
    world trade center, new york city - aerial view (march 2001).jpg
    the original complex in march 2001. the tower on the left, with antenna spire, was 1 wtc. the tower on the right was 2 wtc. all seven buildings of the wtc complex are partially visible. the red granite-clad building left of the twin towers was the original 7 world trade center. in the background is the
    record height
    tallest in the world from 1970 to 1973[i]
    preceded byempire state building
    surpassed bywillis tower
    general information
    statusdestroyed
    architectural stylestructural expressionism
    locationlower manhattan, new york city
    coordinates40°42′42″n 74°00′45″w / 40°42′42″n 74°00′45″w / 
    ownerport authority of new york and new jersey
    other information
    height
    antenna spire1 wtc: 1,728 feet (526.7 m)
    roof
    • 1 wtc: 1,368 feet (417.0 m)
    • 2 wtc: 1,362 feet (415.1 m)
    • 3 wtc: 250 feet (76.2 m)
    • 4 and 5 wtc: 120 feet (36.6 m)
    • 6 wtc: 110 feet (33.5 m)
    • 7 wtc: 610 feet (185.9 m)
    top floor
    • 1 wtc: 1,355 feet (413 m)
    • 2 wtc: 1,348 ft (411 m)
    technical details
    floor count
    • 1 and 2 wtc: 110 floors
    • 3 wtc: 22 floors
    • 4 and 5 wtc: 9 floors
    • 6 wtc: 8 floors
    • 7 wtc: 47 floors
    floor area
    • 1 and 2 wtc: 4,300,000 sq ft (400,000 m2) each
    • 4, 5, and 6 wtc: 500,000 sq ft (50,000 m2) each
    • 7 wtc: 1,868,000 sq ft (170,000 m2)
    lifts/elevators1 and 2 wtc: 99 each
    design and construction
    architect
    • minoru yamasaki
    • emery roth & sons
    developerport authority of new york and new jersey
    engineerworthington, skilling, helle & jackson,[2] leslie e. robertson associates
    main contractortishman realty & construction company
    references
    i. ^ world trade center at emporis
    [3][4]

    the original world trade center was a large complex of seven buildings in the financial district of lower manhattan, new york city, united states. it opened on april 4, 1973, and was destroyed in 2001 during the september 11 attacks. at the time of their completion, the twin towers—the original 1 world trade center, at 1,368 feet (417 m); and 2 world trade center, at 1,362 feet (415.1 m)—were the tallest buildings in the world. other buildings in the complex included the marriott world trade center (3 wtc), 4 wtc, 5 wtc, 6 wtc, and 7 wtc. the complex contained 13,400,000 square feet (1,240,000 m2) of office space.

    the core of the complex was built between 1966 and 1975, at a cost of $400 million (equivalent to $2.27 billion in 2018).[5] during its existence, the world trade center experienced several major incidents, including a fire on february 13, 1975,[6] a bombing on february 26, 1993,[7] and a bank robbery on january 14, 1998.[8] in 1998, the port authority of new york and new jersey decided to privatize it by leasing the buildings to a private company to manage. it awarded the lease to silverstein properties in july 2001.[9]

    on the morning of september 11, 2001, al-qaeda-affiliated hijackers flew two boeing 767 jets into the north and south towers within minutes of each other; two hours later, both towers collapsed. the attacks killed 2,606 people in and within the vicinity of the towers, as well as all 157 on board the two aircraft.[10] falling debris from the towers, combined with fires that the debris initiated in several surrounding buildings, led to the partial or complete collapse of all the buildings in the complex, and caused catastrophic damage to ten other large structures in the surrounding area.

    the cleanup and recovery process at the world trade center site took eight months, during which the remains of the other buildings were demolished. a new world trade center complex is being built with six new skyscrapers and several other buildings, many of which have already been completed. a memorial and museum to those killed in the attacks, a new rapid transit hub, and an elevated park have been opened. one world trade center, the tallest building in the western hemisphere at 1,776 feet (541 m), is the lead building for the new complex, and was completed in november 2014.

    during its existence, the world trade center was one of the major icons of new york city.[11] it had a major role in popular culture and according to one estimate was depicted in 472 films. following the world trade center's destruction, mentions of the complex were altered or deleted, and several dozen "memorial films" were created.[12]

  • before the world trade center
  • design and construction
  • complex
  • major events
  • destruction
  • new world trade center
  • impact
  • see also
  • references
  • bibliography
  • external links

World Trade Center
World Trade Center, New York City - aerial view (March 2001).jpg
The original complex in March 2001. The tower on the left, with antenna spire, was 1 WTC. The tower on the right was 2 WTC. All seven buildings of the WTC complex are partially visible. The red granite-clad building left of the Twin Towers was the original 7 World Trade Center. In the background is the
Record height
Tallest in the world from 1970 to 1973[I]
Preceded byEmpire State Building
Surpassed byWillis Tower
General information
StatusDestroyed
Architectural styleStructural expressionism
LocationLower Manhattan, New York City
Coordinates40°42′42″N 74°00′45″W / 40°42′42″N 74°00′45″W / 
OwnerPort Authority of New York and New Jersey
Other information
Height
Antenna spire1 WTC: 1,728 feet (526.7 m)
Roof
  • 1 WTC: 1,368 feet (417.0 m)
  • 2 WTC: 1,362 feet (415.1 m)
  • 3 WTC: 250 feet (76.2 m)
  • 4 and 5 WTC: 120 feet (36.6 m)
  • 6 WTC: 110 feet (33.5 m)
  • 7 WTC: 610 feet (185.9 m)
Top floor
  • 1 WTC: 1,355 feet (413 m)
  • 2 WTC: 1,348 ft (411 m)
Technical details
Floor count
  • 1 and 2 WTC: 110 floors
  • 3 WTC: 22 floors
  • 4 and 5 WTC: 9 floors
  • 6 WTC: 8 floors
  • 7 WTC: 47 floors
Floor area
  • 1 and 2 WTC: 4,300,000 sq ft (400,000 m2) each
  • 4, 5, and 6 WTC: 500,000 sq ft (50,000 m2) each
  • 7 WTC: 1,868,000 sq ft (170,000 m2)
Lifts/elevators1 and 2 WTC: 99 each
Design and construction
Architect
DeveloperPort Authority of New York and New Jersey
EngineerWorthington, Skilling, Helle & Jackson,[2] Leslie E. Robertson Associates
Main contractorTishman Realty & Construction Company
References
I. ^ World Trade Center at Emporis
[3][4]

The original World Trade Center was a large complex of seven buildings in the Financial District of Lower Manhattan, New York City, United States. It opened on April 4, 1973, and was destroyed in 2001 during the September 11 attacks. At the time of their completion, the Twin Towers—the original 1 World Trade Center, at 1,368 feet (417 m); and 2 World Trade Center, at 1,362 feet (415.1 m)—were the tallest buildings in the world. Other buildings in the complex included the Marriott World Trade Center (3 WTC), 4 WTC, 5 WTC, 6 WTC, and 7 WTC. The complex contained 13,400,000 square feet (1,240,000 m2) of office space.

The core of the complex was built between 1966 and 1975, at a cost of $400 million (equivalent to $2.27 billion in 2018).[5] During its existence, the World Trade Center experienced several major incidents, including a fire on February 13, 1975,[6] a bombing on February 26, 1993,[7] and a bank robbery on January 14, 1998.[8] In 1998, the Port Authority of New York and New Jersey decided to privatize it by leasing the buildings to a private company to manage. It awarded the lease to Silverstein Properties in July 2001.[9]

On the morning of September 11, 2001, Al-Qaeda-affiliated hijackers flew two Boeing 767 jets into the North and South Towers within minutes of each other; two hours later, both towers collapsed. The attacks killed 2,606 people in and within the vicinity of the towers, as well as all 157 on board the two aircraft.[10] Falling debris from the towers, combined with fires that the debris initiated in several surrounding buildings, led to the partial or complete collapse of all the buildings in the complex, and caused catastrophic damage to ten other large structures in the surrounding area.

The cleanup and recovery process at the World Trade Center site took eight months, during which the remains of the other buildings were demolished. A new World Trade Center complex is being built with six new skyscrapers and several other buildings, many of which have already been completed. A memorial and museum to those killed in the attacks, a new rapid transit hub, and an elevated park have been opened. One World Trade Center, the tallest building in the Western Hemisphere at 1,776 feet (541 m), is the lead building for the new complex, and was completed in November 2014.

During its existence, the World Trade Center was one of the major icons of New York City.[11] It had a major role in popular culture and according to one estimate was depicted in 472 films. Following the World Trade Center's destruction, mentions of the complex were altered or deleted, and several dozen "memorial films" were created.[12]

Other Languages
Bân-lâm-gú: World Trade Center
𐌲𐌿𐍄𐌹𐍃𐌺: World Trade Center (1973–2001)
客家語/Hak-kâ-ngî: Sṳ-kie Mo-yi Chûng-sîm
Bahasa Indonesia: World Trade Center
Lëtzebuergesch: World Trade Center
Bahasa Melayu: World Trade Center
Napulitano: World Trade Center
Runa Simi: Awacha turrikuna
slovenščina: World Trade Center
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Svjetski trgovački centar
West-Vlams: WTC-toorns
ייִדיש: World Trade Center