Wisconsin

State of Wisconsin
Flag of WisconsinState seal of Wisconsin
FlagSeal
Nickname(s): Badger State; America's Dairyland[1][2][3][4] (No official nickname)[5]
Motto(s): Forward
State song(s): "On, Wisconsin!"
Map of the United States with Wisconsin highlighted
DemonymWisconsinite
CapitalMadison
Largest cityMilwaukee
Largest metroMilwaukee metropolitan area
AreaRanked 23rd
 • Total65,498.37 sq mi
(169,640 km2)
 • Width260 miles (420 km)
 • Length311 miles (500 km)
 • % water17
 • Latitude42° 30' N to 47° 05′ N
 • Longitude86° 46′ W to 92° 54′ W
PopulationRanked 20th
 • Total5,795,483 (2017 est.)[6]
 • Density105/sq mi  (40.6/km2)
Ranked 23rd
 • Median household income$55,425 [7] (28th)
Elevation
 • Highest pointTimms Hill[8][9]
1,951 ft (595 m)
 • Mean1,050 ft  (320 m)
 • Lowest pointLake Michigan[8][9]
579 ft (176 m)
Before statehoodWisconsin Territory
Admission to UnionMay 29, 1848 (30th)
GovernorScott Walker (R)
Lieutenant GovernorRebecca Kleefisch (R)
LegislatureWisconsin Legislature
 • Upper houseSenate
 • Lower houseState Assembly
U.S. SenatorsRon Johnson (R)
Tammy Baldwin (D)
U.S. House delegation5 Republicans
3 Democrats (list)
Time zoneCentral: UTC −6/−5
ISO 3166US-WI
AbbreviationsWI, Wis., Wisc.
Websitewww.wisconsin.gov
Wisconsin state symbols
Flag of Wisconsin.svg
Seal of Wisconsin.svg
Living insignia
BirdAmerican robin
Turdus migratorius
FishMuskellunge
Esox masquinongy
FlowerWood violet
Viola sororia
InsectWestern honey bee
Apis mellifera
TreeSugar maple
Acer saccharum
Inanimate insignia
BeverageMilk
DancePolka
FoodMaize
Zea mays
FossilTrilobite
Calymene celebra
MineralGalena
RockRed granite
SloganAmerica's Dairyland[10]
SoilAntigo silt loam
TartanWisconsin tartan
State route marker
Wisconsin state route marker
State quarter
Wisconsin quarter dollar coin
Released in 2004
Lists of United States state symbols

Wisconsin (n/ (About this sound listen)) is a U.S. state located in the north-central United States, in the Midwest and Great Lakes regions. It is bordered by Minnesota to the west, Iowa to the southwest, Illinois to the south, Lake Michigan to the east, Michigan to the northeast, and Lake Superior to the north. Wisconsin is the 23rd largest state by total area and the 20th most populous. The state capital is Madison, and its largest city is Milwaukee, which is located on the western shore of Lake Michigan. The state is divided into 72 counties.

Wisconsin's geography is diverse, having been greatly impacted by glaciers during the Ice Age with the exception of the Driftless Area. The Northern Highland and Western Upland along with a part of the Central Plain occupies the western part of the state, with lowlands stretching to the shore of Lake Michigan. Wisconsin is second to Michigan in the length of its Great Lakes coastline.

During the 19th and early 20th centuries, a large number of European settlers entered the state, many of whom emigrated from Germany and Scandinavia. Like neighboring Minnesota, the state remains a center of German American and Scandinavian American culture.

Wisconsin is known as "America's Dairyland"[11] because it is one of the nation's leading dairy producers, particularly famous for its cheese. Manufacturing, especially paper products, information technology (IT), cranberries, ginseng[12] and tourism are also major contributors to the state's economy.

Etymology

The word Wisconsin originates from the name given to the Wisconsin River by one of the Algonquian-speaking Native American groups living in the region at the time of European contact.[13] French explorer Jacques Marquette was the first European to reach the Wisconsin River, arriving in 1673 and calling the river Meskousing in his journal.[14] Subsequent French writers changed the spelling from Meskousing to Ouisconsin, and over time this became the name for both the Wisconsin River and the surrounding lands. English speakers anglicized the spelling from Ouisconsin to Wisconsin when they began to arrive in large numbers during the early 19th century. The legislature of Wisconsin Territory made the current spelling official in 1845.[15]

The Algonquin word for Wisconsin and its original meaning have both grown obscure. Interpretations vary, but most implicate the river and the red sandstone that lines its banks. One leading theory holds that the name originated from the Miami word Meskonsing, meaning "it lies red", a reference to the setting of the Wisconsin River as it flows through the reddish sandstone of the Wisconsin Dells.[16] Other theories include claims that the name originated from one of a variety of Ojibwa words meaning "red stone place", "where the waters gather", or "great rock".[17]

Other Languages
Afrikaans: Wisconsin
አማርኛ: ዊስኮንሲን
Ænglisc: Wisconsin
العربية: ويسكونسن
aragonés: Wisconsin
ܐܪܡܝܐ: ܘܝܣܟܘܢܣܢ
অসমীয়া: উইচকনচিন
asturianu: Wisconsin
Avañe'ẽ: Wisconsin
Aymar aru: Wisconsin suyu
azərbaycanca: Viskonsin
বাংলা: উইসকনসিন
Bân-lâm-gú: Wisconsin
башҡортса: Висконсин
беларуская: Вісконсін
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Вісконсін
भोजपुरी: विस्कांसिन
Bikol Central: Wisconsin
Bislama: Wisconsin
български: Уисконсин
Boarisch: Wisconsin
bosanski: Wisconsin
brezhoneg: Wisconsin
буряад: Висконсин
català: Wisconsin
Чӑвашла: Висконсин
čeština: Wisconsin
Chavacano de Zamboanga: Wisconsin
corsu: Wisconsin
Cymraeg: Wisconsin
dansk: Wisconsin
davvisámegiella: Wisconsin
Deutsch: Wisconsin
eesti: Wisconsin
Ελληνικά: Ουισκόνσιν
emiliàn e rumagnòl: Wiscònsin
español: Wisconsin
Esperanto: Viskonsino
euskara: Wisconsin
فارسی: ویسکانسین
Fiji Hindi: Wisconsin
føroyskt: Wisconsin
français: Wisconsin
Frysk: Wiskonsin
Gaeilge: Wisconsin
Gaelg: Wisconsin
Gagauz: Wisconsin
Gàidhlig: Wisconsin
galego: Wisconsin
客家語/Hak-kâ-ngî: Wisconsin
хальмг: Висконсин
한국어: 위스콘신주
Hawaiʻi: Wikonekina
հայերեն: Վիսկոնսին
hornjoserbsce: Wisconsin
hrvatski: Wisconsin
Igbo: Wiskonsin
Ilokano: Wisconsin
বিষ্ণুপ্রিয়া মণিপুরী: উইসকনসিন
Bahasa Indonesia: Wisconsin
interlingua: Wisconsin
Interlingue: Wisconsin
Iñupiak: Uisqonsin
íslenska: Wisconsin
italiano: Wisconsin
עברית: ויסקונסין
Basa Jawa: Wisconsin
Kapampangan: Wisconsin
ქართული: უისკონსინი
қазақша: Висконсин
kernowek: Wisconsin
Kiswahili: Wisconsin
Kreyòl ayisyen: Wiskonnsenn
kurdî: Wisconsin
Кыргызча: Висконсин
кырык мары: Висконсин
Ladino: Wisconsin
لۊری شومالی: ڤیسکانسین
Latina: Visconsinia
latviešu: Viskonsina
Lëtzebuergesch: Wisconsin
lietuvių: Viskonsinas
Ligure: Wisconsin
Limburgs: Wisconsin
lumbaart: Wisconsin
magyar: Wisconsin
македонски: Висконсин
Malagasy: Wisconsin
മലയാളം: വിസ്കോൺസിൻ
Māori: Wisconsin
მარგალური: ვისკონსინი
مازِرونی: ویسکانسین
Bahasa Melayu: Wisconsin
Mìng-dĕ̤ng-ngṳ̄: Wisconsin
монгол: Висконсин
Dorerin Naoero: Wisconsin
Nederlands: Wisconsin
Nedersaksies: Wisconsin
नेपाल भाषा: विस्कन्सिन
нохчийн: Висконсин
Nordfriisk: Wisconsin
norsk: Wisconsin
norsk nynorsk: Wisconsin
occitan: Wisconsin
олык марий: Висконсин
oʻzbekcha/ўзбекча: Viskonsin
ਪੰਜਾਬੀ: ਵਿਸਕਾਂਸਨ
پنجابی: وسکونسن
Papiamentu: Wisconsin
Piemontèis: Wisconsin
Plattdüütsch: Wisconsin
polski: Wisconsin
português: Wisconsin
română: Wisconsin
rumantsch: Wisconsin
Runa Simi: Wisconsin suyu
русский: Висконсин
саха тыла: Уисконсин
संस्कृतम्: विस्कान्सिन्
sardu: Wisconsin
Scots: Wisconsin
Seeltersk: Wisconsin
shqip: Wisconsin
sicilianu: Wisconsin
Simple English: Wisconsin
slovenčina: Wisconsin (štát)
slovenščina: Wisconsin
ślůnski: Wisconsin
کوردی: ویسکۆنسین
српски / srpski: Висконсин
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Wisconsin
suomi: Wisconsin
svenska: Wisconsin
Tagalog: Wisconsin
Taqbaylit: Wisconsin
татарча/tatarça: Висконсин
Türkçe: Wisconsin
українська: Вісконсин
اردو: وسکونسن
ئۇيغۇرچە / Uyghurche: Wiskonsin Shitati
Tiếng Việt: Wisconsin
Volapük: Wisconsin
walon: Wisconsene
Winaray: Wisconsin
ייִדיש: וויסקאנסין
Yorùbá: Wisconsin
Zazaki: Wisconsin
žemaitėška: Viskonsėns
Kabɩyɛ: Wiskɔnsɛɛ
Lingua Franca Nova: Wisconsin