William Shakespeare

  • william shakespeare
    shakespeare.jpg
    the chandos portrait (held by the national portrait gallery, london)
    born
    stratford-upon-avon, warwickshire, england
    baptised26 april 1564
    died23 april 1616 (aged 52)
    stratford-upon-avon, warwickshire, england
    resting placechurch of the holy trinity, stratford-upon-avon
    occupation
    • playwright
    • poet
    • actor
    years activec. 1585–1613
    era
    • elizabethan
    • jacobean
    movementenglish renaissance
    spouse(s)
    anne hathaway (m. 1582)
    children
    • susanna hall
    • hamnet shakespeare
    • judith quiney
    parents
    • john shakespeare (father)
    • mary arden (mother)
    signature
    william shakespeare signature.svg

    william shakespeare (bapt. 26 april 1564 – 23 april 1616)[a] was an english poet, playwright, and actor, widely regarded as the greatest writer in the english language and the world's greatest dramatist.[2][3][4] he is often called england's national poet and the "bard of avon" (or simply "the bard").[5][b] his extant works, including collaborations, consist of some 39 plays,[c] 154 sonnets, two long narrative poems, and a few other verses, some of uncertain authorship. his plays have been translated into every major living language and are performed more often than those of any other playwright.[7]

    shakespeare was born and raised in stratford-upon-avon, warwickshire. at the age of 18, he married anne hathaway, with whom he had three children: susanna and twins hamnet and judith. sometime between 1585 and 1592, he began a successful career in london as an actor, writer, and part-owner of a playing company called the lord chamberlain's men, later known as the king's men. at age 49 (around 1613), he appears to have retired to stratford, where he died three years later. few records of shakespeare's private life survive; this has stimulated considerable speculation about such matters as his physical appearance, his sexuality, his religious beliefs, and whether the works attributed to him were written by others.[8][9][10]

    shakespeare produced most of his known works between 1589 and 1613.[11][12][d] his early plays were primarily comedies and histories and are regarded as some of the best work produced in these genres. until about 1608, he wrote mainly tragedies, among them hamlet, othello, king lear, and macbeth, all considered to be among the finest works in the english language.[2][3][4] in the last phase of his life, he wrote tragicomedies (also known as romances) and collaborated with other playwrights. many of shakespeare's plays were published in editions of varying quality and accuracy in his lifetime. however, in 1623, two fellow actors and friends of shakespeare's, john heminges and henry condell, published a more definitive text known as the first folio, a posthumous collected edition of shakespeare's dramatic works that included all but two of his plays.[13] the volume was prefaced with a poem by ben jonson, in which jonson presciently hails shakespeare in a now-famous quote as "not of an age, but for all time".[13]

    throughout the 20th and 21st centuries, shakespeare's works have been continually adapted and rediscovered by new movements in scholarship and performance. his plays remain popular and are studied, performed, and reinterpreted through various cultural and political contexts around the world.

  • life
  • plays
  • poems
  • style
  • influence
  • critical reputation
  • works
  • speculation about shakespeare
  • see also
  • notes and references
  • sources
  • external links

William Shakespeare
Shakespeare.jpg
Born
Baptised26 April 1564
Died23 April 1616 (aged 52)
Stratford-upon-Avon, Warwickshire, England
Resting placeChurch of the Holy Trinity, Stratford-upon-Avon
Occupation
  • Playwright
  • poet
  • actor
Years activec. 1585–1613
Era
MovementEnglish Renaissance
Spouse(s)
Anne Hathaway (m. 1582)
Children
Parents
Signature
William Shakespeare Signature.svg

William Shakespeare (bapt. 26 April 1564 – 23 April 1616)[a] was an English poet, playwright, and actor, widely regarded as the greatest writer in the English language and the world's greatest dramatist.[2][3][4] He is often called England's national poet and the "Bard of Avon" (or simply "the Bard").[5][b] His extant works, including collaborations, consist of some 39 plays,[c] 154 sonnets, two long narrative poems, and a few other verses, some of uncertain authorship. His plays have been translated into every major living language and are performed more often than those of any other playwright.[7]

Shakespeare was born and raised in Stratford-upon-Avon, Warwickshire. At the age of 18, he married Anne Hathaway, with whom he had three children: Susanna and twins Hamnet and Judith. Sometime between 1585 and 1592, he began a successful career in London as an actor, writer, and part-owner of a playing company called the Lord Chamberlain's Men, later known as the King's Men. At age 49 (around 1613), he appears to have retired to Stratford, where he died three years later. Few records of Shakespeare's private life survive; this has stimulated considerable speculation about such matters as his physical appearance, his sexuality, his religious beliefs, and whether the works attributed to him were written by others.[8][9][10]

Shakespeare produced most of his known works between 1589 and 1613.[11][12][d] His early plays were primarily comedies and histories and are regarded as some of the best work produced in these genres. Until about 1608, he wrote mainly tragedies, among them Hamlet, Othello, King Lear, and Macbeth, all considered to be among the finest works in the English language.[2][3][4] In the last phase of his life, he wrote tragicomedies (also known as romances) and collaborated with other playwrights. Many of Shakespeare's plays were published in editions of varying quality and accuracy in his lifetime. However, in 1623, two fellow actors and friends of Shakespeare's, John Heminges and Henry Condell, published a more definitive text known as the First Folio, a posthumous collected edition of Shakespeare's dramatic works that included all but two of his plays.[13] The volume was prefaced with a poem by Ben Jonson, in which Jonson presciently hails Shakespeare in a now-famous quote as "not of an age, but for all time".[13]

Throughout the 20th and 21st centuries, Shakespeare's works have been continually adapted and rediscovered by new movements in scholarship and performance. His plays remain popular and are studied, performed, and reinterpreted through various cultural and political contexts around the world.

Other Languages
Адыгэбзэ: Уилиям Шекспир
Alemannisch: William Shakespeare
አማርኛ: ሼክስፒር
العربية: وليم شكسبير
Արեւմտահայերէն: Ուիլիըմ Շէյքսփիր
armãneashti: William Shakespeare
azərbaycanca: Uilyam Şekspir
Bân-lâm-gú: William Shakespeare
башҡортса: Уильям Шекспир
беларуская: Уільям Шэкспір
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Ўільям Шэксьпір
भोजपुरी: शेक्सपियर
Bikol Central: William Shakespeare
български: Уилям Шекспир
davvisámegiella: William Shakespeare
贛語: 莎士比亞
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Bahasa Indonesia: William Shakespeare
interlingua: William Shakespeare
Kapampangan: William Shakespeare
къарачай-малкъар: Шекспир, Уильям
Kreyòl ayisyen: William Shakespeare
kriyòl gwiyannen: William Shakespeare
Кыргызча: Уильям Шекспир
кырык мары: Шекспир, Уильям
Lëtzebuergesch: William Shakespeare
Lingua Franca Nova: William Shakespeare
Livvinkarjala: William Shakespeare
la .lojban.: .uiliam. cekspir.
македонски: Вилијам Шекспир
მარგალური: უილიამ შექსპირი
مازِرونی: ویلیام شکسپیر
Bahasa Melayu: William Shakespeare
Minangkabau: William Shakespeare
Mìng-dĕ̤ng-ngṳ̄: William Shakespeare
မြန်မာဘာသာ: ရှိတ်စပီးယား
Nedersaksies: William Shakespeare
norsk nynorsk: William Shakespeare
oʻzbekcha/ўзбекча: William Shakespeare
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Plattdüütsch: William Shakespeare
Qaraqalpaqsha: William Shakespeare
русиньскый: Вільям Шекспір
Simple English: William Shakespeare
slovenčina: William Shakespeare
slovenščina: William Shakespeare
српски / srpski: Вилијам Шекспир
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: William Shakespeare
татарча/tatarça: Уильям Шекспир
ၽႃႇသႃႇတႆး : သျဵၵ်ႉၸပီးယႃး
українська: Вільям Шекспір
vepsän kel’: Šeikspir Uil'jam
Tiếng Việt: William Shakespeare
文言: 莎士比亞
吴语: 莎士比亞
粵語: 莎士比亞
žemaitėška: Vėljams Šekspīrs