William Hogarth

William Hogarth

The Painter and His Pug by William Hogarth.jpg
William Hogarth, Painter and his Pug, 1745. Self-portrait in Tate Britain, London.
Born(1697-11-10)10 November 1697
London, England
Died26 October 1764(1764-10-26) (aged 66)
London, England
Resting placeSt. Nicholas's Churchyard, Chiswick Mall, Chiswick, London
Known forPainter, engraver, satirist
Spouse(s)Jane Thornhill, daughter of Sir James Thornhill
Patron(s)Mary Edwards (1705–1743)[1]

William Hogarth FRSA (θ/; 10 November 1697 – 26 October 1764) was an English painter, printmaker, pictorial satirist, social critic, and editorial cartoonist. His work ranges from realistic portraiture to comic strip-like series of pictures called "modern moral subjects",[2] He is perhaps best known for his series A Harlot's Progress, A Rake's Progress and Marriage A-la-Mode. Knowledge of his work is so pervasive that satirical political illustrations in this style are often referred to as "Hogarthian".[3]

Hogarth was born in London to a lower-middle-class family. In his youth he took up an apprenticeship with an engraver, but did not complete the apprenticeship. His father underwent periods of mixed fortune, and was at one time imprisoned in lieu of outstanding debts, an event that is thought to have informed William's paintings and prints with a hard edge.[4]

Influenced by French and Italian painting and engraving,[5] Hogarth's works are mostly satirical caricatures, sometimes bawdily sexual,[6] mostly of the first rank of realistic portraiture. They became widely popular and mass-produced via prints in his lifetime, and he was by far the most significant English artist of his generation. Charles Lamb deemed Hogarth's images to be books, filled with "the teeming, fruitful, suggestive meaning of words. Other pictures we look at; his pictures we read."[7]

Early life

William Hogarth by Roubiliac, 1741, National Portrait Gallery, London

William Hogarth was born at Bartholomew Close in London to Richard Hogarth, a poor Latin school teacher and textbook writer, and Anne Gibbons. In his youth he was apprenticed to the engraver Ellis Gamble in Leicester Fields, where he learned to engrave trade cards and similar products.[8][9]

Young Hogarth also took a lively interest in the street life of the metropolis and the London fairs, and amused himself by sketching the characters he saw. Around the same time, his father, who had opened an unsuccessful Latin-speaking coffee house at St John's Gate, was imprisoned for debt in the Fleet Prison for five years. Hogarth never spoke of his father's imprisonment.[10]

Hogarth became a member of the Rose and Crown Club, with Peter Tillemans, George Vertue, Michael Dahl, and other artists and connoisseurs.[11]

Other Languages
Alemannisch: William Hogarth
العربية: وليم هوجرت
asturianu: William Hogarth
azərbaycanca: Uilyam Hoqart
Bân-lâm-gú: William Hogarth
беларуская: Уільям Хогарт
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Ўільям Гогарт
български: Уилям Хогарт
čeština: William Hogarth
español: William Hogarth
Esperanto: William Hogarth
français: William Hogarth
hrvatski: William Hogarth
বিষ্ণুপ্রিয়া মণিপুরী: উইলিয়াম হগার্থ
Bahasa Indonesia: William Hogarth
íslenska: William Hogarth
italiano: William Hogarth
latviešu: Viljams Hogārts
lietuvių: William Hogarth
македонски: Вилијам Хогарт
Malagasy: William Hogarth
မြန်မာဘာသာ: ဝီလျံ ဟိုးဂတ်
Nederlands: William Hogarth
नेपाल भाषा: विलियम होगार्थ
norsk nynorsk: William Hogarth
português: William Hogarth
română: William Hogarth
Simple English: William Hogarth
slovenčina: William Hogarth
српски / srpski: Вилијам Хогарт
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: William Hogarth
Türkçe: William Hogarth
українська: Вільям Гоґарт
Tiếng Việt: William Hogarth