Wilhelmina of Prussia, Princess of Orange

Princess Wilhelmina
Johann Georg Ziesenis - Portret van Frederika Sophia Wilhelmina (1751-1820), prinses van Pruisen, echtgenote van Willem V, prins van Oranje-Nassau.jpg
Painting by Johann Georg Ziesenis (1768-69)
Princess consort of Orange
Tenure4 October 1767 – 9 April 1806
Born(1751-08-07)7 August 1751
Died9 June 1820(1820-06-09) (aged 68)
SpouseWilliam V, Prince of Orange
IssuePrincess Louise
William I of the Netherlands
Prince Frederik
Full name
Friederike Sophie Wilhelmine
HouseHohenzollern
FatherPrince Augustus William of Prussia
MotherDuchess Luise of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel

Princess Wilhelmina of Prussia (Frederika Sophia Wilhelmina; 7 August 1751 in Berlin – 9 June 1820 in Het Loo) was the consort of William V of Orange and the de facto leader of the dynastic party and counter-revolution in the Netherlands. She was the daughter of Prince Augustus William of Prussia and Luise of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel. Wilhelmina was the longest-serving Princess consort of Orange.

Background

Wilhelmina was brought up by her grandmother. On 4 October 1767 in Berlin, she was married to William V of Orange, the last Dutch Stadtholder. Duke Louis Ernest was instrumental in arranging the marriage of Prince William V with his niece. He immediately observed that the princess craved joint rule, and so was starting to undermine Louis Ernest's dominant position. In long letters she complained about him to her other uncle, King Frederick II of Prussia. As a person, she was proud and politically ambitious; as a princess consort, she dominated her spouse and exerted both overt and covert influence on the politics of state.

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